Chemical Component Summary

Name FOSFOMYCIN
Identifiers [(2R,3S)-3-methyloxiran-2-yl]phosphonic acid
Synonyms 1,2-EPOXYPROPYLPHOSPHONIC ACID
Formula C3 H7 O4 P
Molecular Weight 138.06 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES C[C@@H]1O[C@@H]1P(O)(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C3H7O4P/c1-2-3(7-2)8(4,5)6/h2-3H,1H3,(H2,4,5,6)/t2-,3+/m0/s1
InChI Key YMDXZJFXQJVXBF-STHAYSLISA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 15
Chiral Atom Count 2
Chiral Atoms C1 C2
Bond Count 15
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00828   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Fosfomycin
Groups approved
Description An antibiotic produced by Streptomyces fradiae. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • (-)-(1R,2S)-(1,2-Epoxypropyl)phosphonic acid
  • (1R,2S)-Epoxypropylphosphonic acid
  • (2R-cis)-(3-Methyloxiranyl)phosphonic acid
  • 1R-cis-(1,2-Epoxypropyl)phosphonic acid
  • cis-(1R,2S)-Epoxypropylphosphonic acid
Salts
  • Fosfomycin calcium monohydrate
  • Fosfomycin disodium
  • Fosfomycin tromethamine
Brand Names
  • Monurol
  • Veramina
Affected Organism Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
Indication For the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (acute cystitis) in women due to susceptible strains of Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis.
Pharmacology Fosfomycin is a broad spectrum antibiotic that concentrates in kidney and bladder and is used to treat uncomplicated urinary tract infections. Fosfomycin also reduces nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity of platinum-containing anti-tumor agents.
Mechanism of action Fosfomycin is a phosphoenolpyruvate analogue produced by Streptomyces that irreversibly inhibits enolpyruvate transferase (MurA), which prevents the formation of N-acetylmuramic acid, an essential element of the peptidoglycan cell wall.
Route of administration oral
Categories Anti-Bacterial Agents
ATC-Code J01XX01
AHFS-Code 08:36.00
CAS number 23155-02-4

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase Search yes inhibitor
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682