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ETHANOL
 
EOH is found in 182 entries
EOH
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name ETHANOL
    Identifiers
    Formula C2 H6 O
    Molecular Weight 46.07 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00898   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Ethanol
    Groups approved
    Description A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in alcoholic beverages. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • [CH2Me(OH)]
    • [OEtH]
    • 1-Hydroxyethane
    • Aethanol
    • Aethylalkohol
    • Alcohol
    • Alcohol etílico
    • Alcool éthylique
    • Alkohol
    • C2H5OH
    • Dehydrated ethanol
    • Etanol
    • Ethanol
    • Ethyl Alcohol
    • EtOH
    • Hydroxyethane
    • Methylcarbinol
    • Spiritus vini
    [more]
    Brand names Dehydrated ethanol
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For therapeutic neurolysis of nerves or ganglia for the relief of intractable chronic pain in such conditions as inoperable cancer and trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux), in patients for whom neurosurgical procedures are contraindicated.
    Pharmacology Alcohol produces injury to cells by dehydration and precipitation of the cytoplasm or protoplasm. This accounts for its bacteriocidal and antifungal action. When alcohol is injected in close proximity to nerve tissues, it produces neuritis and nerve degeneration (neurolysis). Ninety to 98% of ethanol that enters the body is completely oxidized. Ethanol is also used as a cosolvent to dissolve many insoluble drugs and to serve as a mild sedative in some medicinal formulations. Ethanol also binds to GABA, glycine, NMDA receptors and modulates their effects. Ethanol is also metabolised by the hepatic enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase.
    Mechanism of action Ethanol affects the brain’s neurons in several ways. It alters their membranes as well as their ion channels, enzymes, and receptors. Alcohol also binds directly to the receptors for acetylcholine, serotonin, GABA, and the NMDA receptors for glutamate. The sedative effects of ethanol are mediated through binding to GABA receptors and glycine receptors (alpha 1 and alpha 2 subunits). It also inhibits NMDA receptor functioning. In its role as an anti-infective, ethanol acts as an osmolyte or dehydrating agent that disrupts the osmotic balance across cell membranes.
    Route of administration
    • Intramuscular
    • Intravenous
    • Oral
    • Topical
    Categories
    • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
    • Central Nervous System Depressants
    • Solvents
    ATC-Code
    • D01AE06
    • D08AX08
    • V03AB16
    • V03AZ01
    AHFS-Code
    • 84:04.92
    • 92:00.00
    • 92:02.00*
    CAS number 64-17-5
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Alcohol dehydrogenase 1A   Search  yes agonist
    Alcohol dehydrogenase 1B   Search  yes agonist
    Glycine receptor subunit alpha-1   Search  yes agonist
    Glycine receptor subunit alpha-1   Search  yes agonist
    Alcohol dehydrogenase 1C   Search  yes agonist
    [more]
     
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