Chemical Component Summary

Name CARBON DIOXIDE
Identifiers dioxomethane
Formula C O2
Molecular Weight 44.01 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES O=C=O
InChI InChI=1S/CO2/c2-1-3
InChI Key CURLTUGMZLYLDI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 3
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 2
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB09157   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Carbon dioxide
Groups
  • approved
  • vet_approved
Description Carbon dioxide is a colorless, odorless gas vital to life on Earth. This naturally occurring chemical compound is composed of a carbon atom covalently double bonded to two oxygen atoms. Medical Carbon Dioxide is a liquefied medicinal gas, supplied in cylinders filled to a high pressure. Medical Carbon Dioxide may be used in different  situations, e.g.  during bodily investigations,  to inflate body cavities during surgery (such as key-hole surgery), iand in solid form (dry ice) for freezing of tissue and removal of warts.
Synonyms
Brand Names
  • Air 90% Carbon Dioxide 10%
  • Carbogen
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Carbon Dioxide 1% W Air
  • Carbon Dioxide 1% W Oxygen
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication Carbon dioxide is commonly used as an insufflation gas for minimal invasive surgery (laparoscopy, endoscopy, and arthroscopy) to enlarge and stabilize body cavities to provide better visibility of the surgical area. It has been used also in cryotherapy and as respiratory stimulant before and after anesthesia.  It could be used also in expansion of blood vessels if required, to increase carbon dioxide level after rapid breathing, and to stimulate breathing after a period of nonbreathing.
Pharmacology Data not found.
Mechanism of action Data not found.
Route of administration
  • Intragastric
  • Respiratory (inhalation)
Categories
  • Anions
  • Carbon Compounds, Inorganic
  • Electrolytes
  • Gases
  • Inorganic Chemicals
ATC-Code V03AN02
CAS number 124-38-9
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682