Chemical Component Summary

Identifiers 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
Formula C6 H8 O7
Molecular Weight 192.12 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES OC(=O)CC(O)(CC(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 21
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 20
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB04272   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Citric Acid
  • nutraceutical
  • vet_approved
Description A key intermediate in metabolism.  It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits.  The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability. [PubChem]
  • 2-Hydroxytricarballylic acid
  • 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • Citronensäure
Salts Citric acid monohydrate
Brand Names
  • Acd A
  • Acd Blood-pack Units (pl 146 Plastic)
  • Acd Solution Modified
  • Acd-A
  • Alka Seltzer
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Route of administration
  • Extracorporeal
  • Intravenous
  • Irrigation
  • Irrigation; Topical
  • Oral
  • Acid Preparations
  • Acids, Acyclic
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Anticoagulants
  • Calcium Chelating Agents
ATC-Code A09AB04
CAS number 77-92-9
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682