Chemical Component Summary

Name CITRIC ACID
Identifiers 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
Formula C6 H8 O7
Molecular Weight 192.12 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES OC(=O)CC(O)(CC(O)=O)C(O)=O
InChI InChI=1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)
InChI Key KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 21
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 20
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB04272   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Citric Acid
Groups
  • nutraceutical
  • vet_approved
Description A key intermediate in metabolism.  It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits.  The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • 2-Hydroxytricarballylic acid
  • 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid
  • Citronensäure
Salts Citric acid monohydrate
Brand Names
  • Acd A
  • Acd Blood-pack Units (pl 146 Plastic)
  • Acd Solution Modified
  • Acd-A
  • Alka Seltzer
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Route of administration
  • Extracorporeal
  • Intravenous
  • Irrigation
  • Irrigation; Topical
  • Oral
Categories
  • Acid Preparations
  • Acids, Acyclic
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Anticoagulants
  • Calcium Chelating Agents
ATC-Code A09AB04
CAS number 77-92-9

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase MADSELQLVEQRIRSFPDFPTPGVVFRDISPVLKDPASFRAAIGLLARHL... unknown
cGMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase MERAGPSFGQQRQQQQPQQQKQQQRDQDSVEAWLDDHWDFTFSYFVRKAT... unknown
Glycine N-methyltransferase MVDSVYRTRSLGVAAEGLPDQYADGEAARVWQLYIGDTRSRTAEYKAWLL... unknown
Aldose reductase MASRLLLNNGAKMPILGLGTWKSPPGQVTEAVKVAIDVGYRHIDCAHVYQ... unknown
Malate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial MLSALARPASAALRRSFSTSAQNNAKVAVLGASGGIGQPLSLLLKNSPLV... unknown
View More Drug Targets
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682