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AZM is found in 28 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Identifiers N-(5-sulfamoyl-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)acetamide
    Formula C4 H6 N4 O3 S2
    Molecular Weight 222.25 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00819   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Acetazolamide
    Groups approved
    Description One of the carbonic anhydrase inhibitors that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient often because of rapid development of tolerance. Its antiepileptic effect may be due to its inhibitory effect on brain carbonic anhydrase, which leads to an increased transneuronal chloride gradient, increased chloride current, and increased inhibition. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p337)
    • 2-acetylamino-1,3,4-Thiadiazole-5-sulfonamide
    • 5-ACETAMIDO-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-sulfonamide
    • 5-acetylamino-1,3,4-Thiadiazole-2-sulfonamide
    • Acetazolamid
    • Acetazolamida
    • Acétazolamide
    • Acetazolamidum
    • Defiltran
    • Diacarb
    • Diamox
    • Diluran
    • Glaupax
    • N-[5-(Aminosulfonyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl]acetamide
    • N-[5-(Aminosulfonyl)-1,3,5-thiadiazol-2-yl]acetamide
    Salts Acetazolamide Sodium
    Brand names
    • Acetazolamide
    • Avva
    • Diamox Sequels
    • Acemit
    • Acemox
    • Acetak
    • Acetamide
    • Acetazolamax
    • Azm
    • Azol
    • Azomid
    • Carbinib
    • Defiltran
    • Diabo
    • Diacarb
    • Diamox
    • Diamox Depot
    • Diazomid
    • Diluran
    • Diuramid
    • Défiltran
    • Edemox
    • Glaumox
    • Glaupax
    • Glupax
    • Huma-Zolamide
    • Iopar-SR
    • Medene
    • Oculten
    • Uramox
    • Zolmide
    • Ödemin
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For adjunctive treatment of: edema due to congestive heart failure; drug-induced edema; centrencephalic epilepsies; chronic simple (open-angle) glaucoma
    Pharmacology Acetazolamide is a potent carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, effective in the control of fluid secretion, in the treatment of certain convulsive disorders and in the promotion of diuresis in instances of abnormal fluid retention. Acetazolamide is not a mercurial diuretic. Rather, it is a nonbacteriostatic sulfonamide possessing a chemical structure and pharmacological activity distinctly different from the bacteriostatic sulfonamides.
    Mechanism of action The anticonvulsant activity of Acetazolamide may depend on a direct inhibition of carbonic anhydrase in the CNS, which decreases carbon dioxide tension in the pulmonary alveoli, thus increasing arterial oxygen tension. The diuretic effect depends on the inhibition of carbonic anhydrase, causing a reduction in the availability of hydrogen ions for active transport in the renal tubule lumen. This leads to alkaline urine and an increase in the excretion of bicarbonate, sodium, potassium, and water.
    Route of administration
    • intravenous
    • oral
    • vaginal
    • Diuretics
    • Anticonvulsants
    • Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
    ATC-Code S01EC01
    AHFS-Code 52:10.00
    CAS number 59-66-5
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Carbonic anhydrase 1   Search  yes inhibitor
    Carbonic anhydrase 2   Search  yes inhibitor
    Carbonic anhydrase 4   Search  yes inhibitor
    Aquaporin-1   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Carbonic anhydrase 3   Search  yes inhibitor
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