ATP

ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE

ATP is found in 1082 entries

ATP in polymers: 6 entries. Examples include: 3LRR, 4HOT, 4TU0

ATP as free ligands, exist in 1076 entries. Examples include 1A0I, 1A49, 1A5U

Find related ligands: Stereoisomers Similar ligands Chemical Structure Search

View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

Name ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
Identifiers adenosine 5'-(tetrahydrogen triphosphate)
[[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxy-oxolan-2-yl]methoxy-hydroxy-phosphoryl] phosphono hydrogen phosphate
Formula C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
Molecular Weight 507.18 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES Nc1ncnc2n(cnc12)[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO[P@](O)(=O)O[P@@](O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)[C@@H](O)[C@H]1O
InChI InChI=1S/C10H16N5O13P3/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(26-10)1-25-30(21,22)28-31(23,24)27-29(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H,21,22)(H,23,24)(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)/t4-,6-,7-,10-/m1/s1
InChI Key ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 0
Atom Count 47
Chiral Atom Count 6
Chiral Atoms PB PA C4' C3' C2' C1'
Bond Count 49
Aromatic Bond Count 10

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB00171   (Different stereochemistry)
Name Adenosine triphosphate
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
Description An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • Adenosine 5'-triphosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-triphosphate
  • ATP
Brand Names
  • Atriphos
  • Striadyne
Affected Organism Humans and other mammals
Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
Pharmacology Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the "molecular currency" of intracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells. ATP also plays an important role in the synthesis of nucleic acids. The total quantity of ATP in the human body is about 0.1 mole. The energy used by human cells requires the hydrolysis of 200 to 300 moles of ATP daily. This means that each ATP molecule is recycled 2000 to 3000 times during a single day. ATP cannot be stored, hence its consumption must closely follow its synthesis.
Mechanism of action ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells. ATP also plays an important role in the synthesis of nucleic acids. ATP can be produced by various cellular processes, most typically in mitochondria by oxidative phosphorylation under the catalytic influence of ATP synthase. The total quantity of ATP in the human body is about 0.1 mole. The energy used by human cells requires the hydrolysis of 200 to 300 moles of ATP daily. This means that each ATP molecule is recycled 2000 to 3000 times during a single day. ATP cannot be stored, hence its consumption must closely follow its synthesis.
Categories
  • Adenine Nucleotides
  • Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Glycosides
  • Heterocyclic Compounds
CAS number 56-65-5
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682