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APRAMYCIN
 
AM2 is found in 7 entries
AM2
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name APRAMYCIN
    Identifiers (2R,3R,4S,5S,6S)-5-amino-2-{[(2R,3S,4R,4aR,6S,7R,8aS)-7-amino-6-{[(1R,2R,3S,4R,6S)-4,6-diamino-2,3-dihydroxycyclohexyl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-3-(methylamino)octahydropyrano[3,2-b]pyran-2-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4-diol (non-preferred name)
    (2R,3R,4S,5S,6S)-2-[[(2R,3S,4R,4aR,6S,7R,8aS)-7-amino-6-[(1R,2R,3S,4R,6S)-4,6-diamino-2,3-dihydroxy-cyclohexyl]oxy-4-hydroxy-3-methylamino-2,3,4,4a,6,7,8,8a-octahydropyrano[2,3-e]pyran-2-yl]oxy]-5-amino-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4-diol
    Synonyms NEBRAMYCIN II, 4-O-(3ALPHA-AMINO-6ALPHA-((4-AMINO-4-DEOXY-ALPHA-D
    -GLUCOPYRANOSYL)OXY)-2,3,4,5ABETA,6,7,8,8AALPHA-OCTAHYDRO-8BETA-HYDROXY-7BETA-
    (METHYLAMINO)PYRANO(3,2-B)PYRAN-2ALPHA-YL)-2-DEOXY-D
    -STREPTAMINE
    Formula C21 H41 N5 O11
    Molecular Weight 539.58 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key XZNUGFQTQHRASN-XQENGBIVSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB04626   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Apramycin
    Groups experimental
    Description Apramycin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic and has a bactericidal action against many gram-negative bacteria. Apramycin is a structurally unique antibiotic that contains a bicyclic sugar moiety and a monosubstituted deoxystreptamine. It is not approved for use in humans.
    Synonyms Nebramycin II
    Affected organism Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
    Indication For the treatment of bacterial infections in animals.
    Mechanism of action Apramycin stands out among aminoglycosides for its mechanism of action which is based on blocking translocation and its ability to bind also to the eukaryotic decoding site despite differences in key residues required for apramycin recognition by the bacterial target. The drug binds in the deep groove of the RNA which forms a continuously stacked helix comprising non-canonical C.A and G.A base pairs and a bulged-out adenine. The binding mode of apramycin at the human decoding-site RNA is distinct from aminoglycoside recognition of the bacterial target, suggesting a molecular basis for the actions of apramycin in eukaryotes and bacteria.
    Categories Anti-Bacterial Agents
    CAS number 37321-09-8
     
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