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ALANINE
 
ALA is found in 99682 entries
ALA
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name ALANINE
    Identifiers L-alanine
    (2S)-2-aminopropanoic acid
    Formula C3 H7 N O2
    Molecular Weight 89.09 g/mol
    Type L-peptide linking
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key QNAYBMKLOCPYGJ-REOHCLBHSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00160   (Different stereochemistry)
    Name L-Alanine
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description A non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma. It is produced from pyruvate by transamination. It is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases immunity, and provides energy for muscle tissue, brain, and the central nervous system. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • (2S)-2-Aminopropanoic acid
    • (S)-2-Aminopropanoic acid
    • (S)-Alanine
    • ALA
    • Alanine
    • L-2-Aminopropionic acid
    • L-alpha-Alanine
    • L-α-alanine
    [more]
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication Used for protein synthesis.
    Pharmacology Is an important source of energy for muscle tissue, the brain and central nervous system; strengthens the immune system by producing antibodies; helps in the metabolism of sugars and organic acids.
    Mechanism of action L-Alanine is a non-essential amino acid that occurs in high levels in its free state in plasma. It is produced from pyruvate by transamination. It is involved in sugar and acid metabolism, increases immunity, and provides energy for muscle tissue, brain, and the central nervous system. BCAAs are used as a source of energy for muscle cells. During prolonged exercise, BCAAs are released from skeletal muscles and their carbon backbones are used as fuel, while their nitrogen portion is used to form another amino acid, Alanine. Alanine is then converted to Glucose by the liver. This form of energy production is called the Alanine-Glucose cycle, and it plays a major role in maintaining the body's blood sugar balance.
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    • Non-Essential Amino Acids
    CAS number 56-41-7
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase 2, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    Cysteine desulfurase, mitochondrial   Search  unknown
    4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase, mitochondrial   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Alanine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmic   Search  unknown
    Serine--pyruvate aminotransferase   Search  unknown
    [more]
     
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