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ADENINE
 
ADE is found in 95 entries
ADE
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name ADENINE
    Identifiers 9H-purin-6-amine
    Formula C5 H5 N5
    Molecular Weight 135.13 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key GFFGJBXGBJISGV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00173   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Adenine
    Groups
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description A purine base and a fundamental unit of adenine nucleotides. [PubChem]
    Synonyms
    • 6-Aminopurine
    • A
    • Ade
    • Adenin
    • ADENINE
    • Vitamin B4
    [more]
    Brand names Leuco-4
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
    Pharmacology Adenine (sometimes known as vitamin B4) combines with the sugar ribose to form adenosine, which in turn can be bonded with from one to three phosphoric acid units, yielding AMP, ADP and ATP . These adenine derivatives perform important functions in cellular metabolism. Adenine is one of four nitrogenous bases utilized in the synthesis of nucleic acids. A modified form of adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP) is an imporant secondary messenger in the propagation of many hormonal stimuli. Adenine is an integral part of the structure of many coenzymes. Adenosine (adenine with a ribose group) causes transient heart block in the AV node of the heart. In individuals suspected of suffering from a supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), adenosine is used to help identify the rhythm. Certain SVTs can be successfully terminated with adenosine.
    Mechanism of action Adenine forms adenosine, a nucleoside, when attached to ribose, and deoxyadenosine when attached to deoxyribose, and it forms adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a nucleotide, when three phosphate groups are added to adenosine. Adenosine triphosphate is used in cellular metabolism as one of the basic methods of transferring chemical energy between reactions. In older literature, adenine was sometimes called Vitamin B4Not Available
    Categories
    • Dietary Supplements
    • Micronutrients
    • Supplements
    CAS number 73-24-5
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase   Search  unknown
    Acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2   Search  unknown
    S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine phosphorylase   Search  unknown
    Nicotinate-nucleotide--dimethylbenzimidazole phosphoribosyltransferase   Search  unknown
    5'-methylthioadenosine/S-adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase   Search  unknown
    [more]
     
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