Chemical Component Summary

Name ACETYLCHOLINE
Identifiers 2-(acetyloxy)-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium
2-acetyloxyethyl-trimethyl-azanium
Formula C7 H16 N O2
Molecular Weight 146.21 g/mol
Type non-polymer
Isomeric SMILES CC(=O)OCC[N+](C)(C)C
InChI InChI=1S/C7H16NO2/c1-7(9)10-6-5-8(2,3)4/h5-6H2,1-4H3/q+1
InChI Key OIPILFWXSMYKGL-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge 1
Atom Count 26
Chiral Atom Count 0
Chiral Atoms
Bond Count 25
Aromatic Bond Count 0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank ID DB03128   (Stereoisomeric match)
Name Acetylcholine
Groups approved
Description A neurotransmitter. Acetylcholine in vertebrates is the major transmitter at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system. It is generally not used as an administered drug because it is broken down very rapidly by cholinesterases, but it is useful in some ophthalmological applications. [PubChem]
Synonyms Acetylcholine Chloride
Brand Names
  • Miochol E
  • Miochol E Acetylcholine Chloride Oph Soln
  • Miogan Pws 20mg/vial
Indication Used to obtain miosis of the iris in seconds after delivery of the lens in cataract surgery, in penetrating keratoplasty, iridectomy and other anterior segment surgery where rapid miosis may be required.
Route of administration
  • intraocular
  • ophthalmic
Categories
  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Cholinergic Agonists
  • Cholinergic Agents
ATC-Code S01EB09
CAS number 51-84-3

Drug Targets

Name Sequence Search Pharmacological Action Actions
Acetylcholinesterase Search unknown
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID: 21059682