A is found in 2856 entries
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Identifiers 5'-adenylic acid
    [(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxy-oxolan-2-yl]methyl dihydrogen phosphate
    Formula C10 H14 N5 O7 P
    Molecular Weight 347.22 g/mol
    Type RNA linking
    Isomeric SMILES
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00131   (Stereoisomeric match)
    Name Adenosine monophosphate
    • approved
    • nutraceutical
    Description Adenylic acid. Adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety in the 2'-, 3'-, or 5'-position. [PubChem]
    • 5'-Adenosine monophosphate
    • 5'-Adenylic acid
    • 5'-AMP
    • Adenosine 5'-(dihydrogen phosphate)
    • Adenosine 5'-monophosphate
    • Adenosine 5'-phosphate
    • Adenosine 5'-phosphoric acid
    • Adenosine phosphate
    • Adenosine-5-monophosphoric acid
    • Adenosine-5'-Monophosphate
    • Adenosine-5'-monophosphoric acid
    • Adenylate
    • Adenylic acid
    • AMP
    • Phosphentaside
    Brand names
    • Adenovite
    • Cardiomone
    • Lycedan
    • My-B-Den
    • Phosaden
    • Phosphaden
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For nutritional supplementation, also for treating dietary shortage or imbalance
    Pharmacology Adenosine monophosphate, also known as 5'-adenylic acid and abbreviated AMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside adenosine. AMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. AMP is used as a dietary supplement to boost immune activity, and is also used as a substitute sweetener to aid in the maintenance of a low-calorie diet.
    Mechanism of action Nucleotides such as Adenosine-5'-Monophosphate affect a number of immune functions, including the reversal of malnutrition and starvation-induced immunosuppression, the enhancement of T-cell maturation and function, the enhancement of natural killer cell activity, the improvement of delayed cutaneous hypersensitivity, helping resistance to such infectious agents as Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans, and finally the modulation of T-cell responses toward type 1 CD4 helper lymphocytes or Th1 cells. Studies have shown that mice fed a nucleotide-free diet have both impaired humoral and cellular immune responses. The addition of dietary nucleotides normalizes both types of responses. RNA, a delivery form of nucleotides, and ribonucleotides were used in these studies. The mechanism of the immune-enhancing activity of nucleic acids/nucleotides is not clear.
    • Dietary supplement
    • Micronutrient
    CAS number 61-19-8
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Adenosine kinase   Search  unknown product of
    Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 1   Search  unknown antagonist#inhibitory allosteric modulator
    Long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase 1   Search  unknown product of
    Adenylate cyclase type 1   Search  unknown product of
    5'-AMP-activated protein kinase subunit beta-2   Search  unknown activator
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