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(2S)-2-(6-chloro-9H-carbazol-2-yl)propanoic acid
 
0LA is found in 2 entries
0LA
  •   Chemical Component Summary   Hide
    Name (2S)-2-(6-chloro-9H-carbazol-2-yl)propanoic acid
    Identifiers (2S)-2-(6-chloranyl-9H-carbazol-2-yl)propanoic acid
    Synonyms (S)-carprofen
    Formula C15 H12 Cl N O2
    Molecular Weight 273.71 g/mol
    Type non-polymer
    Isomeric SMILES
    InChI
    InChI key PUXBGTOOZJQSKH-QMMMGPOBSA-N
     
  •   Drug Info: DrugBank Hide
    DrugBank ID DB00821   (Different stereochemistry)
    Name Carprofen
    Groups
    • approved
    • withdrawn
    Description Carprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is used by veterinarians as a supportive treatment for the relief of arthritic symptoms in geriatric dogs. Carprofen was previously used in human medicine for over 10 years (1985-1995). It was generally well tolerated, with the majority of adverse effects being mild, such as gastro-intestinal pain and nausea, similar to those recorded with aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It is no longer marketed for human usage, after being withdrawn on commercial grounds. [Wikipedia]
    Synonyms
    • (+-)-6-chloro-alpha-Methylcarbazole-2-acetic acid
    • (+/-)-2-(3-chloro-9H-carbazol-7-yl)propanoic acid
    • 2-(6-Chloro-9H-carbazol-2-yl)-propionic acid
    • 6-chloro-alpha-Methyl-9H-carbazole-2-acetic acid
    • Carprofen
    • Carprofène
    • Carprofeno
    • Carprofenum
    [more]
    Brand names
    • lmadyl
    • lmafen
    • Rimadyt
    Affected organism Humans and other mammals
    Indication For use as a pain reliever in the treatment of joint pain and post-surgical pain.
    Pharmacology Carprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) of the propionic acid class that includes ibuprofen, naproxen, and ketoprofen. It is no longer used in the clinical setting, but is approved for use in dogs. Carprofen is non-narcotic and has characteristic analgesic and antipyretic activity approximately equipotent to indomethacin in animal models.
    Mechanism of action The mechanism of action of carprofen, like that of other NSAIDs, is believed to be associated with the inhibition of cyclooxygenase activity. Two unique cyclooxygenases have been described in mammals. The constitutive cyclooxygenase, COX-1, synthesizes prostaglandins necessary for normal gastrointestinal and renal function. The inducible cyclooxygenase, COX-2, generates prostaglandins involved in inflammation. Inhibition of COX-1 is thought to be associated with gastrointestinal and renal toxicity while inhibition of COX-2 provides anti-inflammatory activity. In an <i>in vitro</i> study using canine cell cultures, carprofen demonstrated selective inhibition of COX-2 versus COX-1.
    Route of administration Oral
    Categories
    • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
    • Photosensitizing Agents
    CAS number 53716-49-7
    Targets
    Name Sequence search Pharmacological action Actions
    Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1   Search  unknown inhibitor
    Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2   Search  yes inhibitor
     
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