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Lactate Dehydrogenase A in complex with inhibitor compound 22
Biology and Chemistry Report
4JNK
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords OXIDOREDUCTASE/OXIDOREDUCTASE INHIBITOR
    Text alpha-beta, pyruvate reductase and lactate dehydrogenase, OXIDOREDUCTASE-OXIDOREDUCTASE INHIBITOR complex

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,B,C,D
    Description L-lactate dehydrogenase A chain 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 36603.8 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name LDH-A, Cell proliferation-inducing gene 19 protein, LDH muscle subunit, LDH-M, Renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-59 

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    EPE  4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINE ETHANESULFONIC ACID  C8 H18 N2 O4 S   238.31  View 
    LAC  LACTIC ACID  C3 H6 O3   90.08  View 
    NAI  1,4-DIHYDRONICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE  C21 H29 N7 O14 P2   665.44  View 
    SO4  SULFATE ION  O4 S   96.06  View 
    ZHK  (2R)-2-{[5-cyano-4-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyrimidin-2-yl]sulfanyl}-N-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)propanamide  C20 H15 Cl2 N5 O4 S2   524.40  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,B,C,D LDHA_HUMAN P00338     

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc
    A B C D  1.1.1.27      
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,B,C,D
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1666   Response to Hypoxia  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus Indicating Lowered Oxygen Tension. Hypoxia Defined As a Decline in O2 Levels Below Normoxic Levels of 20.8 20.95% Results in Metabolic Adaptation At Both the Cellular and Organismal Level. 
    5975   Carbohydrate Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Carbohydrates Any of a Group of Organic Compounds Based of the General Formula Cx(h2o)y. Includes the Formation of Carbohydrate Derivatives by the Addition of a Carbohydrate Residue to Another Molecule. 
    6089   Lactate Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Lactate the Anion of Lactic Acid. 
    6090   Pyruvate Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Pyruvate 2 Oxopropanoate. 
    6096   Glycolytic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of a Carbohydrate Into Pyruvate with the Concomitant Production of a Small Amount of ATP and the Reduction of Nad(p) to Nad(p)h. Glycolysis Begins with the Metabolism of a Carbohydrate to Generate Products That Can Enter the Pathway and Ends with the Production of Pyruvate. Pyruvate May Be Converted to Acetyl Coenzyme a Ethanol Lactate or Other Small Molecules. 
    7584   Response to Nutrient  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Nutrient Stimulus. 
    9749   Response to Glucose  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Glucose Stimulus. 
    14070   Response to Organic Cyclic Compound  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Organic Cyclic Compound Stimulus. 
    19674   NAD Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (nad) a Coenzyme Present in Most Living Cells and Derived From the B Vitamin Nicotinic Acid. 
    19752   Carboxylic Acid Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Carboxylic Acids Any Organic Acid Containing One or More Carboxyl (cooh) Groups or Anions (coo ). 
    31668   Cellular Response to Extracellular Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Extracellular Stimulus. 
    42493   Response to Drug  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Drug Stimulus. a Drug Is a Substance Used in the Diagnosis Treatment or Prevention of a Disease. 
    42542   Response to Hydrogen Peroxide  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Hydrogen Peroxide (h2o2) Stimulus. 
    43065   Positive Regulation of Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process. 
    43627   Response to Estrogen  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of Stimulus by an Estrogen C18 Steroid Hormones That Can Stimulate the Development of Female Sexual Characteristics. 
    44237   Cellular Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways by Which Individual Cells Transform Chemical Substances. 
    44281   Small Molecule Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Small Molecules Any Low Molecular Weight Monomeric Non Encoded Molecule. 
    48569   Post Embryonic Organ Development  Development Taking Place During the Post Embryonic Phase of a Tissue or Tissues That Work Together to Perform a Specific Function or Functions. Development Pertains to the Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of a Structure Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. Organs Are Commonly Observed As Visibly Distinct Structures But May Also Exist As Loosely Associated Clusters of Cells That Work Together to Perform a Specific Function or Functions. 
    51591   Response to Camp  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Camp (cyclic AMP Adenosine 3' 5' Cyclophosphate) Stimulus. 
    55114   Oxidation Reduction Process  A Metabolic Process That Results in the Removal or Addition of One or More Electrons to or From a Substance with or Without the Concomitant Removal or Addition of a Proton or Protons. 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5739   Mitochondrion  A Semiautonomous Self Replicating Organelle That Occurs in Varying Numbers Shapes and Sizes in the Cytoplasm of Virtually All Eukaryotic Cells. It Is Notably the Site of Tissue Respiration. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    16020   Membrane  A Lipid Bilayer Along with All the Proteins and Protein Complexes Embedded in It an Attached to It. 
    35686   Sperm Fibrous Sheath  A Cytoskeletal Structure Surrounding the Axoneme and Outer Dense Fibers of the Sperm Flagellum. Consists of Two Longitudinal Columns Connected by Closely Arrayed Semicircular Ribs That Assemble From Distal to Proximal Throughout Spermiogenesis. the Fibrous Sheath Probably Influences the Degree of Flexibility Plane of Flagellar Motion and the Shape of the Flagellar Beat. 
    70062   Extracellular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm. 
    3824   Catalytic Activity  Catalysis of a Biochemical Reaction At Physiological Temperatures. in Biologically Catalyzed Reactions the Reactants Are Known As Substrates and the Catalysts Are Naturally Occurring Macromolecular Substances Known As Enzymes. Enzymes Possess Specific Binding Sites For Substrates and Are Usually Composed Wholly or Largely of Protein But RNA That Has Catalytic Activity (ribozyme) Is Often Also Regarded As Enzymatic. 
    4457   Lactate Dehydrogenase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: Lactate + Nad+ = H+ + Nadh + Pyruvate. 
    4459   L Lactate Dehydrogenase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: (s) Lactate + Nad+ = Pyruvate + Nadh + H+. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    16491   Oxidoreductase Activity  Catalysis of an Oxidation Reduction (redox) Reaction a Reversible Chemical Reaction in Which the Oxidation State of an Atom or Atoms Within a Molecule Is Altered. One Substrate Acts As a Hydrogen or Electron Donor and Becomes Oxidized While the Other Acts As Hydrogen or Electron Acceptor and Becomes Reduced. 
    16616   Oxidoreductase Activity Acting On the Ch Oh Group of Donors NAD or Nadp As Acceptor  Catalysis of an Oxidation Reduction (redox) Reaction in Which a Ch Oh Group Acts As a Hydrogen or Electron Donor and Reduces Nad+ or Nadp. 
    19900   Kinase Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Kinase Any Enzyme That Catalyzes the Transfer of a Phosphate Group. 
    42802   Identical Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with an Identical Protein or Proteins. 
    51287   NAD Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide a Coenzyme Involved in Many Redox and Biosynthetic Reactions; Binding May Be to Either the Oxidized Form Nad+ or the Reduced Form Nadh. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A,B,C,D
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Gene ldha, pig19
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli  


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    11 11p15.4 3939     lactate dehydrogenase A LDHA