The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Lipids Compounds Soluble in an Organic Solvent But Not or Sparingly in an Aqueous Solvent. Includes Fatty Acids; Neutral Fats Other Fatty Acid Esters and Soaps; Long Chain (fatty) Alcohols and Waxes; Sphingoids and Other Long Chain Bases; Glycolipids Phospholipids and Sphingolipids; and Carotenes Polyprenols Sterols Terpenes and Other Isoprenoids.
The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of a Fatty Acid Any of the Aliphatic Monocarboxylic Acids That Can Be Liberated by Hydrolysis From Naturally Occurring Fats and Oils. Fatty Acids Are Predominantly Straight Chain Acids of 4 to 24 Carbon Atoms Which May Be Saturated or Unsaturated; Branched Fatty Acids and Hydroxy Fatty Acids Also Occur and Very Long Chain Acids of Over 30 Carbons Are Found in Waxes.
The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Including Anabolism and Catabolism by Which Living Organisms Transform Chemical Substances. Metabolic Processes Typically Transform Small Molecules But Also Include Macromolecular Processes Such As DNA Repair and Replication and Protein Synthesis and Degradation.
Catalysis of a Biochemical Reaction At Physiological Temperatures. in Biologically Catalyzed Reactions the Reactants Are Known As Substrates and the Catalysts Are Naturally Occurring Macromolecular Substances Known As Enzymes. Enzymes Possess Specific Binding Sites For Substrates and Are Usually Composed Wholly or Largely of Protein But RNA That Has Catalytic Activity (ribozyme) Is Often Also Regarded As Enzymatic.
Catalysis of the Transfer of a Group E.g. a Methyl Group Glycosyl Group Acyl Group Phosphorus Containing or Other Groups From One Compound (generally Regarded As the Donor) to Another Compound (generally Regarded As the Acceptor). Transferase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 2.