The Cellular Metabolic Process in Which a Protein Is Formed Using the Sequence of a Mature MRNA Molecule to Specify the Sequence of Amino Acids in a Polypeptide Chain. Translation Is Mediated by the Ribosome and Begins with the Formation of a Ternary Complex Between Aminoacylated Initiator Methionine TRNA GTP and Initiation Factor 2 Which Subsequently Associates with the Small Subunit of the Ribosome and an Mrna. Translation Ends with the Release of a Polypeptide Chain From the Ribosome.
The Process Preceding Formation of the Peptide Bond Between the First Two Amino Acids of a Protein. This Includes the Formation of a Complex of the Ribosome MRNA and an Initiation Complex That Contains the First Aminoacyl Trna.
Catalysis of a Biochemical Reaction At Physiological Temperatures. in Biologically Catalyzed Reactions the Reactants Are Known As Substrates and the Catalysts Are Naturally Occurring Macromolecular Substances Known As Enzymes. Enzymes Possess Specific Binding Sites For Substrates and Are Usually Composed Wholly or Largely of Protein But RNA That Has Catalytic Activity (ribozyme) Is Often Also Regarded As Enzymatic.
Catalysis of the Transfer of a Group E.g. a Methyl Group Glycosyl Group Acyl Group Phosphorus Containing or Other Groups From One Compound (generally Regarded As the Donor) to Another Compound (generally Regarded As the Acceptor). Transferase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 2.