An Information Portal to 110071 Biological Macromolecular Structures

Crystal structure of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 3 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Biology and Chemistry Report
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Text Rossmann Fold, Dehydrogenase, Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate Binding, Nucleus and Cytoplasm, OXIDOREDUCTASE

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 3 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 36809.1 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name GAPDH 3 

  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A G3P3_YEAST P00359     

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc      
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    6006   Glucose Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Glucose the Aldohexose Gluco Hexose. D Glucose Is Dextrorotatory and Is Sometimes Known As Dextrose; It Is an Important Source of Energy For Living Organisms and Is Found Free As Well As Combined in Homo and Hetero Oligosaccharides and Polysaccharides. 
    6094   Gluconeogenesis  The Formation of Glucose From Noncarbohydrate Precursors Such As Pyruvate Amino Acids and Glycerol. 
    6096   Glycolytic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of a Carbohydrate Into Pyruvate with the Concomitant Production of a Small Amount of ATP and the Reduction of Nad(p) to Nad(p)h. Glycolysis Begins with the Metabolism of a Carbohydrate to Generate Products That Can Enter the Pathway and Ends with the Production of Pyruvate. Pyruvate May Be Converted to Acetyl Coenzyme a Ethanol Lactate or Other Small Molecules. 
    6915   Apoptotic Process  A Programmed Cell Death Process Which Begins When a Cell Receives an Internal (e.g. DNA Damage) or External Signal (e.g. an Extracellular Death Ligand) and Proceeds Through a Series of Biochemical Events (signaling Pathway Phase) Which Trigger an Execution Phase. the Execution Phase Is the Last Step of an Apoptotic Process and Is Typically Characterized by Rounding Up of the Cell Retraction of Pseudopodes Reduction of Cellular Volume (pyknosis) Chromatin Condensation Nuclear Fragmentation (karyorrhexis) Plasma Membrane Blebbing and Fragmentation of the Cell Into Apoptotic Bodies. When the Execution Phase Is Completed the Cell Has Died. 
    55114   Oxidation Reduction Process  A Metabolic Process That Results in the Removal or Addition of One or More Electrons to or From a Substance with or Without the Concomitant Removal or Addition of a Proton or Protons. 
    72593   Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving a Reactive Oxygen Species Any Molecules or Ions Formed by the Incomplete One Electron Reduction of Oxygen. They Contribute to the Microbicidal Activity of Phagocytes Regulation of Signal Transduction and Gene Expression and the Oxidative Damage to Biopolymers. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5739   Mitochondrion  A Semiautonomous Self Replicating Organelle That Occurs in Varying Numbers Shapes and Sizes in the Cytoplasm of Virtually All Eukaryotic Cells. It Is Notably the Site of Tissue Respiration. 
    5811   Lipid Particle  An Intracellular Non Membrane Bounded Organelle Comprising a Matrix of Coalesced Lipids Surrounded by a Phospholipid Monolayer. May Include Associated Proteins. 
    9277   Fungal Type Cell Wall  A Rigid Yet Dynamic Structure Surrounding the Plasma Membrane That Affords Protection From Stresses and Contributes to Cell Morphogenesis Consisting of Extensively Cross Linked Glycoproteins and Carbohydrates. the Glycoproteins May Be Modified with N or O Linked Carbohydrates or Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (gpi) Anchors; the Polysaccharides Are Primarily Branched Glucans Including Beta Linked and Alpha Linked Glucans and May Also Include Chitin and Other Carbohydrate Polymers But Not Cellulose or Pectin. Enzymes Involved in Cell Wall Biosynthesis Are Also Found in the Cell Wall. Note That Some Forms of Fungi Develop a Capsule Outside of the Cell Wall Under Certain Circumstances; This Is Considered a Separate Structure. 
    3723   RNA Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with an RNA Molecule or a Portion Thereof. 
    4365   Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate Dehydrogenase (nad+) (phosphorylating) Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: D Glyceraldehyde 3 Phosphate + Phosphate + Nad+ = 3 Phospho D Glyceroyl Phosphate + Nadh + H+. 
    16491   Oxidoreductase Activity  Catalysis of an Oxidation Reduction (redox) Reaction a Reversible Chemical Reaction in Which the Oxidation State of an Atom or Atoms Within a Molecule Is Altered. One Substrate Acts As a Hydrogen or Electron Donor and Becomes Oxidized While the Other Acts As Hydrogen or Electron Acceptor and Becomes Reduced. 
    16620   Oxidoreductase Activity Acting On the Aldehyde or Oxo Group of Donors NAD or Nadp As Acceptor  Catalysis of an Oxidation Reduction (redox) Reaction in Which an Aldehyde or Ketone (oxo) Group Acts As a Hydrogen or Electron Donor and Reduces NAD or Nadp. 
    50661   Nadp Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate a Coenzyme Involved in Many Redox and Biosynthetic Reactions; Binding May Be to Either the Oxidized Form Nadp+ or the Reduced Form Nadph. 
    51287   NAD Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide a Coenzyme Involved in Many Redox and Biosynthetic Reactions; Binding May Be to Either the Oxidized Form Nad+ or the Reduced Form Nadh. 

  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A
    Common Name Baker's Yeast
    Scientific Name Saccharomyces cerevisiae  
    Strain ATCC 204508 / S288C
    Gene tdh3, gpd3, ygr192c, g7576
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli  

    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    VII - 853106     glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (phosphorylating) TDH3 TDH3