The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Glutathione the Tripeptide Glutamylcysteinylglycine Which Acts As a Coenzyme For Some Enzymes and As an Antioxidant in the Protection of Sulfhydryl Groups in Enzymes and Other Proteins; It Has a Specific Role in the Reduction of Hydrogen Peroxide (h2o2) and Oxidized Ascorbate and It Participates in the Gamma Glutamyl Cycle.
The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Including Anabolism and Catabolism by Which Living Organisms Transform Chemical Substances. Metabolic Processes Typically Transform Small Molecules But Also Include Macromolecular Processes Such As DNA Repair and Replication and Protein Synthesis and Degradation.
A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm.
Catalysis of the Transfer of a Group E.g. a Methyl Group Glycosyl Group Acyl Group Phosphorus Containing or Other Groups From One Compound (generally Regarded As the Donor) to Another Compound (generally Regarded As the Acceptor). Transferase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 2.