POP-OUT | CLOSE

An Information Portal to 105339 Biological Macromolecular Structures

Crystal structure of human ERK2 complexed with a MAPK docking peptide
Biology and Chemistry Report
4H3P
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords TRANSFERASE
    Text kinase domain, signaling, linear motif, surface mutation, TRANSFERASE

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,D
    Description Mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 
    Fragment kinase domain 
    Mutation R77A, E314A 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 41445.0 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name MAP kinase 1, MAPK 1, ERT1, Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2, ERK-2, MAP kinase isoform p42, p42-MAPK, Mitogen-activated protein kinase 2, MAP kinase 2, MAPK 2 
    Chain B,E
    Description Ribosomal protein S6 kinase alpha-1 
    Fragment C-TERMINAL DOCKING PEPTIDE, UNP residues 712-735 
    Mutation S719A, Q724A 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 2664.3 
    Source Method synthetic  
    Entity Name S6K-alpha-1, 90 kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1, p90-RSK 1, p90RSK1, p90S6K, MAP kinase-activated protein kinase 1a, MAPK-activated protein kinase 1a, MAPKAP kinase 1a, MAPKAPK-1a, Ribosomal S6 kinase 1, RSK-1 

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    ANP  PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER  C10 H17 N6 O12 P3   506.20  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,D MK01_HUMAN A8CZ64     
    B,E KS6A1_HUMAN A6NGG4     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc
    A D  2.7.11.24      
    B E  2.7.11.1      
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,D
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    165   Mapk Cascade  An Intracellular Protein Kinase Cascade Containing At Least a Mapk a Mapkk and a Map3k. the Cascade Can Also Contain Two Additional Tiers: the Upstream Map4k and the Downstream Map Kinase Activated Kinase (mapkapk). the Kinases in Each Tier Phosphorylate and Activate the Kinases in the Downstream Tier to Transmit a Signal Within a Cell. 
    186   Activation of Mapkk Activity  The Initiation of the Activity of the Inactive Enzyme Map Kinase Kinase (mapkk). 
    187   Activation of Mapk Activity  The Initiation of the Activity of the Inactive Enzyme Map Kinase (mapk). 
    189   Mapk Import Into Nucleus  The Directed Movement of a Map Kinase to the Nucleus Upon Activation. 
    2224   Toll Like Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to a Toll Like Receptor. Toll Like Receptors Directly Bind Pattern Motifs From a Variety of Microbial Sources to Initiate Innate Immune Response. 
    2755   Myd88 Dependent Toll Like Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to a Toll Like Receptor Where the Myd88 Adaptor Molecule Mediates Transduction of the Signal. Toll Like Receptors Directly Bind Pattern Motifs From a Variety of Microbial Sources to Initiate Innate Immune Response. 
    2756   Myd88 Independent Toll Like Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to a Toll Like Receptor Not Relying On the Myd88 Adaptor Molecule. Toll Like Receptors Directly Bind Pattern Motifs From a Variety of Microbial Sources to Initiate Innate Immune Response. 
    6351   Transcription DNA Templated  The Cellular Synthesis of RNA On a Template of Dna. 
    6355   Regulation of Transcription DNA Templated  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cellular DNA Templated Transcription. 
    6468   Protein Phosphorylation  The Process of Introducing a Phosphate Group On to a Protein. 
    6915   Apoptotic Process  A Programmed Cell Death Process Which Begins When a Cell Receives an Internal (e.g. DNA Damage) or External Signal (e.g. an Extracellular Death Ligand) and Proceeds Through a Series of Biochemical Events (signaling Pathway Phase) Which Trigger an Execution Phase. the Execution Phase Is the Last Step of an Apoptotic Process and Is Typically Characterized by Rounding Up of the Cell Retraction of Pseudopodes Reduction of Cellular Volume (pyknosis) Chromatin Condensation Nuclear Fragmentation (karyorrhexis) Plasma Membrane Blebbing and Fragmentation of the Cell Into Apoptotic Bodies. When the Execution Phase Is Completed the Cell Has Died. 
    6935   Chemotaxis  The Directed Movement of a Motile Cell or Organism or the Directed Growth of a Cell Guided by a Specific Chemical Concentration Gradient. Movement May Be Towards a Higher Concentration (positive Chemotaxis) or Towards a Lower Concentration (negative Chemotaxis). 
    6950   Response to Stress  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Disturbance in Organismal or Cellular Homeostasis Usually But Not Necessarily Exogenous (e.g. Temperature Humidity Ionizing Radiation). 
    6974   Cellular Response to DNA Damage Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus Indicating Damage to Its DNA From Environmental Insults or Errors During Metabolism. 
    7049   Cell Cycle  The Progression of Biochemical and Morphological Phases and Events That Occur in a Cell During Successive Cell Replication or Nuclear Replication Events. Canonically the Cell Cycle Comprises the Replication and Segregation of Genetic Material Followed by the Division of the Cell But in Endocycles or Syncytial Cells Nuclear Replication or Nuclear Division May Not Be Followed by Cell Division. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7173   Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by Binding of a Ligand to the Tyrosine Kinase Receptor Egfr (erbb1) On the Surface of a Cell. the Pathway Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7264   Small Gtpase Mediated Signal Transduction  Any Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Small Monomeric Gtpase Relays One or More of the Signals. 
    7265   Ras Protein Signal Transduction  A Series of Molecular Signals Within the Cell That Are Mediated by a Member of the Ras Superfamily of Proteins Switching to a GTP Bound Active State. 
    7268   Synaptic Transmission  The Process of Communication From a Neuron to a Target (neuron Muscle or Secretory Cell) Across a Synapse. 
    7411   Axon Guidance  The Chemotaxis Process That Directs the Migration of an Axon Growth Cone to a Specific Target Site in Response to a Combination of Attractive and Repulsive Cues. 
    7596   Blood Coagulation  The Sequential Process in Which the Multiple Coagulation Factors of the Blood Interact Ultimately Resulting in the Formation of an Insoluble Fibrin Clot; It May Be Divided Into Three Stages: Stage 1 the Formation of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Prothrombin Converting Principle; Stage 2 the Formation of Thrombin; Stage 3 the Formation of Stable Fibrin Polymers. 
    8284   Positive Regulation of Cell Proliferation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Rate or Extent of Cell Proliferation. 
    8286   Insulin Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of the Insulin Receptor Binding to Insulin. 
    8543   Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Binding to One of Its Physiological Ligands. 
    9636   Response to Toxic Substance  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Toxic Stimulus. 
    9887   Organ Morphogenesis  Morphogenesis of an Organ. an Organ Is Defined As a Tissue or Set of Tissues That Work Together to Perform a Specific Function or Functions. Morphogenesis Is the Process in Which Anatomical Structures Are Generated and Organized. Organs Are Commonly Observed As Visibly Distinct Structures But May Also Exist As Loosely Associated Clusters of Cells That Work Together to Perform a Specific Function or Functions. 
    10800   Positive Regulation of Peptidyl Threonine Phosphorylation  Any Process That Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Peptidyl Threonine Phosphorylation. Peptidyl Threonine Phosphorylation Is the Phosphorylation of Peptidyl Threonine to Form Peptidyl O Phospho L Threonine. 
    16032   Viral Process  A Multi Organism Process in Which a Virus Is a Participant. the Other Participant Is the Host. Includes Infection of a Host Cell Replication of the Viral Genome and Assembly of Progeny Virus Particles. in Some Cases the Viral Genetic Material May Integrate Into the Host Genome and Only Subsequently Under Particular Circumstances 'complete' Its Life Cycle. 
    16310   Phosphorylation  The Process of Introducing a Phosphate Group Into a Molecule Usually with the Formation of a Phosphoric Ester a Phosphoric Anhydride or a Phosphoric Amide. 
    18105   Peptidyl Serine Phosphorylation  The Phosphorylation of Peptidyl Serine to Form Peptidyl O Phospho L Serine. 
    18107   Peptidyl Threonine Phosphorylation  The Phosphorylation of Peptidyl Threonine to Form Peptidyl O Phospho L Threonine. 
    19233   Sensory Perception of Pain  The Series of Events Required For an Organism to Receive a Painful Stimulus Convert It to a Molecular Signal and Recognize and Characterize the Signal. Pain Is Medically Defined As the Physical Sensation of Discomfort or Distress Caused by Injury or Illness So Can Hence Be Described As a Harmful Stimulus Which Signals Current (or Impending) Tissue Damage. Pain May Come From Extremes of Temperature Mechanical Damage Electricity or From Noxious Chemical Substances. This Is a Neurological Process. 
    19858   Cytosine Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Cytosine 4 Amino 2 Hydroxypyrimidine a Pyrimidine Derivative That Is One of the Five Main Bases Found in Nucleic Acids; It Occurs Widely in Cytidine Derivatives. 
    30168   Platelet Activation  A Series of Progressive Overlapping Events Triggered by Exposure of the Platelets to Subendothelial Tissue. These Events Include Shape Change Adhesiveness Aggregation and Release Reactions. When Carried Through to Completion These Events Lead to the Formation of a Stable Hemostatic Plug. 
    30335   Positive Regulation of Cell Migration  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Migration. 
    31647   Regulation of Protein Stability  Any Process That Affects the Structure and Integrity of a Protein by Altering the Likelihood of Its Degradation or Aggregation. 
    31663   Lipopolysaccharide Mediated Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of a Lipopolysaccharide (lps) to a Receptor On the Surface of a Target Cell and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. Lipopolysaccharides Are Major Components of the Outer Membrane of Gram Negative Bacteria Making Them Prime Targets For Recognition by the Immune System. 
    32496   Response to Lipopolysaccharide  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Lipopolysaccharide Stimulus; Lipopolysaccharide Is a Major Component of the Cell Wall of Gram Negative Bacteria. 
    32872   Regulation of Stress Activated Mapk Cascade  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Signal Transduction Mediated by the Stress Activated Mapk Cascade. 
    33598   Mammary Gland Epithelial Cell Proliferation  The Multiplication or Reproduction of Mammary Gland Epithelial Cells Resulting in the Expansion of a Cell Population. Mammary Gland Epithelial Cells Make Up the Covering of Surfaces of the Mammary Gland. the Mammary Gland Is a Large Compound Sebaceous Gland That in Female Mammals Is Modified to Secrete Milk. 
    34134   Toll Like Receptor 2 Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to Toll Like Receptor 2. 
    34138   Toll Like Receptor 3 Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to Toll Like Receptor 3. 
    34142   Toll Like Receptor 4 Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to Toll Like Receptor 4. 
    34146   Toll Like Receptor 5 Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to Toll Like Receptor 5. 
    34162   Toll Like Receptor 9 Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to Toll Like Receptor 9. 
    34166   Toll Like Receptor 10 Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to Toll Like Receptor 10. 
    35556   Intracellular Signal Transduction  The Process in Which a Signal Is Passed On to Downstream Components Within the Cell Which Become Activated Themselves to Further Propagate the Signal and Finally Trigger a Change in the Function or State of the Cell. 
    35666   Trif Dependent Toll Like Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Binding to a Toll Like Receptor Where the Trif Adaptor Mediates Transduction of the Signal. Toll Like Receptors Directly Bind Pattern Motifs From a Variety of Microbial Sources to Initiate Innate Immune Response. 
    38095   Fc Epsilon Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of the Fc Portion of Immunoglobulin E (ige) to an Fc Epsilon Receptor On the Surface of a Signal Receiving Cell and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. the Fc Portion of an Immunoglobulin Is Its C Terminal Constant Region. 
    38096   Fc Gamma Receptor Signaling Pathway Involved in Phagocytosis  An Fc Gamma Receptor Signaling Pathway That Contributes to the Endocytic Engulfment of External Particulate Material by Phagocytes. 
    38123   Toll Like Receptor Tlr1:tlr2 Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of a Heterodimeric Tlr1:tlr2 Complex to One of It's Physiological Ligands Followed by Transmission of the Signal by the Activated Receptor and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    38124   Toll Like Receptor Tlr6:tlr2 Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of a Heterodimeric Tlr6:tlr2 Complex to One of It's Physiological Ligands Followed by Transmission of the Signal by the Activated Receptor and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    38127   Erbb Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by Binding of a Ligand to a Member of the Erbb Family of Receptor Tyrosine Kinases On the Surface of a Cell and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    43330   Response to Exogenous Dsrna  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Exogenous Double Stranded RNA Stimulus. 
    43627   Response to Estrogen  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of Stimulus by an Estrogen C18 Steroid Hormones That Can Stimulate the Development of Female Sexual Characteristics. 
    45087   Innate Immune Response  Innate Immune Responses Are Defense Responses Mediated by Germline Encoded Components That Directly Recognize Components of Potential Pathogens. 
    45596   Negative Regulation of Cell Differentiation  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Differentiation. 
    45727   Positive Regulation of Translation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Proteins by the Translation of Mrna. 
    45893   Positive Regulation of Transcription DNA Templated  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cellular DNA Templated Transcription. 
    48011   Neurotrophin Trk Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of a Neurotrophin to a Receptor On the Surface of the Target Cell Where the Receptor Possesses Tyrosine Kinase Activity and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    50852   T Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Cross Linking of an Antigen Receptor On a T Cell. 
    50853   B Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Cross Linking of an Antigen Receptor On a B Cell. 
    51090   Regulation of Sequence Specific DNA Binding Transcription Factor Activity  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Activity of a Transcription Factor Any Factor Involved in the Initiation or Regulation of Transcription. 
    51403   Stress Activated Mapk Cascade  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Stress Activated Map Kinase Cascade Relays One or More of the Signals; Map Kinase Cascades Involve At Least Three Protein Kinase Activities and Culminate in the Phosphorylation and Activation of a Map Kinase. 
    51493   Regulation of Cytoskeleton Organization  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Formation Arrangement of Constituent Parts or Disassembly of Cytoskeletal Structures. 
    60397   Jak Stat Cascade Involved in Growth Hormone Signaling Pathway  The Process in Which Stat Proteins (signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription) Are Activated by Members of the Jak (janus Activated Kinase) Family of Tyrosine Kinases Following the Binding of Physiological Ligands to the Growth Hormone Receptor. Once Activated Stats Dimerize and Translocate to the Nucleus and Modulate the Expression of Target Genes. 
    60716   Labyrinthine Layer Blood Vessel Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of a Blood Vessel of the Labyrinthine Layer of the Placenta Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Embryonic Vessels Grow Through the Layer to Come in Close Contact with the Maternal Blood Supply. 
    70371   Erk1 and Erk2 Cascade  An Intracellular Protein Kinase Cascade Containing At Least Erk1 or Erk2 (mapks) a Mek (a Mapkk) and a Map3k. the Cascade Can Also Contain Two Additional Tiers: the Upstream Map4k and the Downstream Map Kinase Activated Kinase (mapkapk). the Kinases in Each Tier Phosphorylate and Activate the Kinases in the Downstream Tier to Transmit a Signal Within a Cell. 
    70849   Response to Epidermal Growth Factor  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Epidermal Growth Factor Stimulus. 
    71310   Cellular Response to Organic Substance  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Organic Substance Stimulus. 
    72584   Caveolin Mediated Endocytosis  An Endocytosis Process That Begins When Material Is Taken Up Into Plasma Membrane Caveolae Which Then Pinch Off to Form Endocytic Caveolar Carriers. 
    90170   Regulation of Golgi Inheritance  Any Process That Modulates the Rate Frequency or Extent of Golgi Inheritance. Golgi Inheritance Is the Partitioning of Golgi Apparatus Between Daughter Cells At Cell Division. 
    97011   Cellular Response to Granulocyte Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Granulocyte Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor Stimulus. 
    2000641   Regulation of Early Endosome to Late Endosome Transport  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Early Endosome to Late Endosome Transport. 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5654   Nucleoplasm  That Part of the Nuclear Content Other Than the Chromosomes or the Nucleolus. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5739   Mitochondrion  A Semiautonomous Self Replicating Organelle That Occurs in Varying Numbers Shapes and Sizes in the Cytoplasm of Virtually All Eukaryotic Cells. It Is Notably the Site of Tissue Respiration. 
    5769   Early Endosome  A Membrane Bounded Organelle That Receives Incoming Material From Primary Endocytic Vesicles That Have Been Generated by Clathrin Dependent and Clathrin Independent Endocytosis; Vesicles Fuse with the Early Endosome to Deliver Cargo For Sorting Into Recycling or Degradation Pathways. 
    5770   Late Endosome  A Prelysosomal Endocytic Organelle Differentiated From Early Endosomes by Lower Lumenal Ph and Different Protein Composition. Late Endosomes Are More Spherical Than Early Endosomes and Are Mostly Juxtanuclear Being Concentrated Near the Microtubule Organizing Center. 
    5794   Golgi Apparatus  A Compound Membranous Cytoplasmic Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells Consisting of Flattened Ribosome Free Vesicles Arranged in a More or Less Regular Stack. the Golgi Apparatus Differs From the Endoplasmic Reticulum in Often Having Slightly Thicker Membranes Appearing in Sections As a Characteristic Shallow Semicircle So That the Convex Side (cis or Entry Face) Abuts the Endoplasmic Reticulum Secretory Vesicles Emerging From the Concave Side (trans or Exit Face). in Vertebrate Cells There Is Usually One Such Organelle While in Invertebrates and Plants Where They Are Known Usually As Dictyosomes There May Be Several Scattered in the Cytoplasm. the Golgi Apparatus Processes Proteins Produced On the Ribosomes of the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum; Such Processing Includes Modification of the Core Oligosaccharides of Glycoproteins and the Sorting and Packaging of Proteins For Transport to a Variety of Cellular Locations. Three Different Regions of the Golgi Are Now Recognized Both in Terms of Structure and Function: Cis in the Vicinity of the Cis Face Trans in the Vicinity of the Trans Face and Medial Lying Between the Cis and Trans Regions. 
    5815   Microtubule Organizing Center  An Intracellular Structure That Can Catalyze Gamma Tubulin Dependent Microtubule Nucleation and That Can Anchor Microtubules by Interacting with Their Minus Ends Plus Ends or Sides. 
    5819   Spindle  The Array of Microtubules and Associated Molecules That Forms Between Opposite Poles of a Eukaryotic Cell During Mitosis or Meiosis and Serves to Move the Duplicated Chromosomes Apart. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    5856   Cytoskeleton  Any of the Various Filamentous Elements That Form the Internal Framework of Cells and Typically Remain After Treatment of the Cells with Mild Detergent to Remove Membrane Constituents and Soluble Components of the Cytoplasm. the Term Embraces Intermediate Filaments Microfilaments Microtubules the Microtrabecular Lattice and Other Structures Characterized by a Polymeric Filamentous Nature and Long Range Order Within the Cell. the Various Elements of the Cytoskeleton Not Only Serve in the Maintenance of Cellular Shape But Also Have Roles in Other Cellular Functions Including Cellular Movement Cell Division Endocytosis and Movement of Organelles. 
    5901   Caveola  A Membrane Raft That Forms Small Pit Depression or Invagination That Communicates with the Outside of a Cell and Extends Inward Indenting the Cytoplasm and the Cell Membrane. Examples Include Any of the Minute Pits or Incuppings of the Cell Membrane Formed During Pinocytosis. Such Caveolae May Be Pinched Off to Form Free Vesicles Within the Cytoplasm. 
    5925   Focal Adhesion  Small Region On the Surface of a Cell That Anchors the Cell to the Extracellular Matrix and That Forms a Point of Termination of Actin Filaments. 
    15630   Microtubule Cytoskeleton  The Part of the Cytoskeleton (the Internal Framework of a Cell) Composed of Microtubules and Associated Proteins. 
    30424   Axon  The Long Process of a Neuron That Conducts Nerve Impulses Usually Away From the Cell Body to the Terminals and Varicosities Which Are Sites of Storage and Release of Neurotransmitter. 
    31143   Pseudopodium  A Temporary Protrusion or Retractile Process of a Cell Associated with Flowing Movements of the Protoplasm and Serving For Locomotion and Feeding. 
    32839   Dendrite Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Dendrite Excluding the Surrounding Plasma Membrane. 
    43204   Perikaryon  The Portion of the Cell Soma (cell Body) That Excludes the Nucleus. 
    43234   Protein Complex  Any Macromolecular Complex Composed (only) of Two or More Polypeptide Subunits Along with Any Covalently Attached Molecules (such As Lipid Anchors or Oligosaccharide) or Non Protein Prosthetic Groups (such As Nucleotides or Metal Ions). Prosthetic Group in This Context Refers to a Tightly Bound Cofactor. the Component Polypeptide Subunits May Be Identical. 
    70062   Extracellular Vesicular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. 
    72686   Mitotic Spindle  A Spindle That Forms As Part of Mitosis. Mitotic and Meiotic Spindles Contain Distinctive Complements of Proteins Associated with Microtubules. 
    166   Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Nucleotide Any Compound Consisting of a Nucleoside That Is Esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an Oligophosphate At Any Hydroxyl Group On the Ribose or Deoxyribose. 
    1784   Phosphotyrosine Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Phosphorylated Tyrosine Residue Within a Protein. 
    3677   DNA Binding  Any Molecular Function by Which a Gene Product Interacts Selectively and Non Covalently with DNA (deoxyribonucleic Acid). 
    4672   Protein Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Phosphorylation of an Amino Acid Residue in a Protein Usually According to the Reaction: a Protein + ATP = a Phosphoprotein + Adp. 
    4674   Protein Serine/threonine Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Reactions: ATP + Protein Serine = Adp + Protein Serine Phosphate and ATP + Protein Threonine = Adp + Protein Threonine Phosphate. 
    4707   Map Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: Protein + ATP = Protein Phosphate + Adp. This Reaction Is the Phosphorylation of Proteins. Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase; a Family of Protein Kinases That Perform a Crucial Step in Relaying Signals From the Plasma Membrane to the Nucleus. They Are Activated by a Wide Range of Proliferation or Differentiation Inducing Signals; Activation Is Strong with Agonists Such As Polypeptide Growth Factors and Tumor Promoting Phorbol Esters But Weak (in Most Cell Backgrounds) by Stress Stimuli. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    5524   ATP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with ATP Adenosine 5' Triphosphate a Universally Important Coenzyme and Enzyme Regulator. 
    8134   Transcription Factor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Transcription Factor Any Protein Required to Initiate or Regulate Transcription. 
    8353   RNA Polymerase Ii Carboxy Terminal Domain Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: ATP + (dna Directed RNA Polymerase Ii) = Adp + Phospho (dna Directed RNA Polymerase Ii); Phosphorylation Occurs On Residues in the Carboxy Terminal Domain (ctd) Repeats. 
    16301   Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Transfer of a Phosphate Group Usually From ATP to a Substrate Molecule. 
    16740   Transferase Activity  Catalysis of the Transfer of a Group E.g. a Methyl Group Glycosyl Group Acyl Group Phosphorus Containing or Other Groups From One Compound (generally Regarded As the Donor) to Another Compound (generally Regarded As the Acceptor). Transferase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 2. 
    16772   Transferase Activity Transferring Phosphorus Containing Groups  Catalysis of the Transfer of a Phosphorus Containing Group From One Compound (donor) to Another (acceptor). 
    19901   Protein Kinase Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Protein Kinase Any Enzyme That Catalyzes the Transfer of a Phosphate Group Usually From ATP to a Protein Substrate. 
    19902   Phosphatase Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Phosphatase. 
    31435   Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase Any Protein That Can Phosphorylate a Map Kinase Kinase. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A,D
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Gene mapk1, erk2, prkm1, prkm2
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli  
    Host Vector Type Mg950


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    1 1p 6195     ribosomal protein S6 kinase, 90kDa, polypeptide 1 RPS6KA1    
    22 22q11.21 5594     mitogen-activated protein kinase 1 MAPK1