Any Cellular Metabolic Process Involving Deoxyribonucleic Acid. This Is One of the Two Main Types of Nucleic Acid Consisting of a Long Unbranched Macromolecule Formed From One or More Commonly Two Strands of Linked Deoxyribonucleotides.
The Process of Restoring DNA After Damage. Genomes Are Subject to Damage by Chemical and Physical Agents in the Environment (e.g. Uv and Ionizing Radiations Chemical Mutagens Fungal and Bacterial Toxins Etc.) and by Free Radicals or Alkylating Agents Endogenously Generated in Metabolism. DNA Is Also Damaged Because of Errors During Its Replication. a Variety of Different DNA Repair Pathways Have Been Reported That Include Direct Reversal Base Excision Repair Nucleotide Excision Repair Photoreactivation Bypass Double Strand Break Repair Pathway and Mismatch Repair Pathway.
Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus Indicating Damage to Its DNA From Environmental Insults or Errors During Metabolism.
A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent.
Organized Structure of Distinctive Morphology and Function Bounded by a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer Membrane and Occurring Within the Cell. Includes the Nucleus Mitochondria Plastids Vacuoles and Vesicles. Excludes the Plasma Membrane.
A Protein Complex Composed of the Fanconi Anaemia (fa) Proteins Including a C E G and F (fanca F). Functions in the Activation of the Downstream Protein Fancd2 by Monoubiquitylation and Is Essential For Protection Against Chromosome Breakage.