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Night blindness causing G90D rhodopsin in the active conformation
Biology and Chemistry Report
4BEZ
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords MEMBRANE PROTEIN
    Text MEMBRANE PROTEIN, GPCR, DISEASE MUTANT, CONGENTIAL STATIONARY NIGHT BLINDNESS, ACTIVE STATE

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description RHODOPSIN 
    Mutation YES 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers yes 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 39093.0 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name NIGHT BLINDNESS CAUSING G90D RHODOPSIN 

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    ACT  ACETATE ION  C2 H3 O2   59.04  View 
    BMA  BETA-D-MANNOSE  C6 H12 O6   180.16  View 
    BOG  B-OCTYLGLUCOSIDE  C14 H28 O6   292.37  View 
    MAN  ALPHA-D-MANNOSE  C6 H12 O6   180.16  View 
    NAG  N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE  C8 H15 N O6   221.21  View 
    PLM  PALMITIC ACID  C16 H32 O2   256.42  View 
    SO4  SULFATE ION  O4 S   96.06  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A OPSD_BOVIN P02699     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    6468   Protein Phosphorylation  The Process of Introducing a Phosphate Group On to a Protein. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7601   Visual Perception  The Series of Events Required For an Organism to Receive a Visual Stimulus Convert It to a Molecular Signal and Recognize and Characterize the Signal. Visual Stimuli Are Detected in the Form of Photons and Are Processed to Form an Image. 
    7602   Phototransduction  The Sequence of Reactions Within a Cell Required to Convert Absorbed Photons Into a Molecular Signal. 
    7603   Phototransduction Visible Light  The Sequence of Reactions Within a Cell Required to Convert Absorbed Photons From Visible Light Into a Molecular Signal. a Visible Light Stimulus Is Electromagnetic Radiation That Can Be Perceived Visually by an Organism; For Organisms Lacking a Visual System This Can Be Defined As Light with a Wavelength Within the Range 380 to 780 Nm. 
    9416   Response to Light Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Light Stimulus Electromagnetic Radiation of Wavelengths Classified As Infrared Visible or Ultraviolet Light. 
    9583   Detection of Light Stimulus  The Series of Events in Which a Light Stimulus (in the Form of Photons) Is Received and Converted Into a Molecular Signal. 
    18298   Protein Chromophore Linkage  The Covalent or Noncovalent Attachment of a Chromophore to a Protein. 
    43547   Positive Regulation of Gtpase Activity  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Activity of a Gtpase. 
    50896   Response to Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus. the Process Begins with Detection of the Stimulus and Ends with a Change in State or Activity or the Cell or Organism. 
    50953   Sensory Perception of Light Stimulus  The Series of Events Required For an Organism to Receive a Sensory Light Stimulus Convert It to a Molecular Signal and Recognize and Characterize the Signal. This Is a Neurological Process. 
    60041   Retina Development in Camera Type Eye  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Retina Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Retina Is the Innermost Layer or Coating At the Back of the Eyeball Which Is Sensitive to Light and in Which the Optic Nerve Terminates. 
    71482   Cellular Response to Light Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Light Stimulus Electromagnetic Radiation of Wavelengths Classified As Infrared Visible or Ultraviolet Light. 
    1750   Photoreceptor Outer Segment  The Outer Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor That Contains Discs of Photoreceptive Membranes. 
    1917   Photoreceptor Inner Segment  The Inner Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor Containing Mitochondria Ribosomes and Membranes Where Opsin Molecules Are Assembled and Passed to Be Part of the Outer Segment Discs. 
    5794   Golgi Apparatus  A Compound Membranous Cytoplasmic Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells Consisting of Flattened Ribosome Free Vesicles Arranged in a More or Less Regular Stack. the Golgi Apparatus Differs From the Endoplasmic Reticulum in Often Having Slightly Thicker Membranes Appearing in Sections As a Characteristic Shallow Semicircle So That the Convex Side (cis or Entry Face) Abuts the Endoplasmic Reticulum Secretory Vesicles Emerging From the Concave Side (trans or Exit Face). in Vertebrate Cells There Is Usually One Such Organelle While in Invertebrates and Plants Where They Are Known Usually As Dictyosomes There May Be Several Scattered in the Cytoplasm. the Golgi Apparatus Processes Proteins Produced On the Ribosomes of the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum; Such Processing Includes Modification of the Core Oligosaccharides of Glycoproteins and the Sorting and Packaging of Proteins For Transport to a Variety of Cellular Locations. Three Different Regions of the Golgi Are Now Recognized Both in Terms of Structure and Function: Cis in the Vicinity of the Cis Face Trans in the Vicinity of the Trans Face and Medial Lying Between the Cis and Trans Regions. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    5887   Integral Component of Plasma Membrane  The Component of the Plasma Membrane Consisting of Gene Products and Protein Complexes That Have Some Part That Penetrates At Least One Leaflet of the Membrane Bilayer. This Component Includes Gene Products That Are Buried in the Bilayer with No Exposure Outside the Bilayer. 
    5911   Cell Cell Junction  A Cell Junction That Forms a Connection Between Two Cells; Excludes Direct Cytoplasmic Junctions Such As Ring Canals. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    16021   Integral Component of Membrane  The Component of a Membrane Consisting of Gene Products and Protein Complexes That Have Some Part That Penetrates At Least One Leaflet of the Membrane Bilayer. This Component Includes Gene Products That Are Buried in the Bilayer with No Exposure Outside the Bilayer. 
    42622   Photoreceptor Outer Segment Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding the Outer Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor. 
    60342   Photoreceptor Inner Segment Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding the Outer Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor. the Photoreceptor Inner Segment Contains Mitochondria Ribosomes and Membranes Where Opsin Molecules Are Assembled and Passed to Be Part of the Outer Segment Discs. 
    97381   Photoreceptor Disc Membrane  Ovally Shaped Membranous Stack Located Inside the Photoreceptor Outer Segment and Containing Densely Packed Molecules of the Photoreceptor Protein Rhodopsin That Traverse the Lipid Bilayer. Disc Membranes Are Apparently Derived From the Plasma Membrane in the Region of the Cilium That Connects the Photoreceptor Outer Segment to the Inner Segment. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    4930   G Protein Coupled Receptor Activity  Combining with an Extracellular Signal and Transmitting the Signal Across the Membrane by Activating an Associated G Protein; Promotes the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of a Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. 
    5085   Guanyl Nucleotide Exchange Factor Activity  Stimulates the Exchange of Guanyl Nucleotides Associated with a Gtpase. Under Normal Cellular Physiological Conditions the Concentration of GTP Is Higher Than That of GDP Favoring the Replacement of GDP by GTP in Association with the Gtpase. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    8020   G Protein Coupled Photoreceptor Activity  Combining with Incidental Electromagnetic Radiation Particularly Visible Light and Transmitting the Signal Across the Membrane by Activating an Associated G Protein; Promotes the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of a Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. 
    9881   Photoreceptor Activity  The Function of Absorbing and Responding to Incidental Electromagnetic Radiation Particularly Visible Light. the Response May Involve a Change in Conformation. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A
    Common Name Cattle
    Scientific Name Bos taurus  
    Cell Type Rod Photoreceptor
    Organ Eye
    Tissue Retina
    Host Common Name Human
    Host Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Host Cell Line Hek293s Gnti


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    22 22q23-q24 509933     rhodopsin RHO