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Redesign of a Phenylalanine Aminomutase into a beta-Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase
Biology and Chemistry Report
4BAB
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords LYASE
    Text MIO, LYASE

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,B,C,D
    Description PHENYLALANINE AMINOMUTASE 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers yes 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 77554.3 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,B,C,D PAM_TAXWC Q68G84     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc
    A B C D  4.3.1.24      
    A B C D  5.4.3.10      
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,B,C,D
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    6558   L Phenylalanine Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving L Phenylalanine the L Enantiomer of 2 Amino 3 Phenylpropanoic Acid I.e. (2s) 2 Amino 3 Phenylpropanoic Acid. 
    6559   L Phenylalanine Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of Phenylalanine 2 Amino 3 Phenylpropanoic Acid. 
    9058   Biosynthetic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Substances; Typically the Energy Requiring Part of Metabolism in Which Simpler Substances Are Transformed Into More Complex Ones. 
    9698   Phenylpropanoid Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Aromatic Derivatives of Trans Cinnamic Acid. 
    9800   Cinnamic Acid Biosynthetic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Cinnamic Acid 3 Phenyl 2 Propenoic Acid. 
    9820   Alkaloid Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Alkaloids Nitrogen Containing Natural Products Which Are Not Otherwise Classified As Peptides Nonprotein Amino Acids Amines Cyanogenic Glycosides Glucosinolates Cofactors Phytohormones or Primary Metabolites (such As Purine or Pyrimidine Bases). 
    9821   Alkaloid Biosynthetic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Alkaloids Nitrogen Containing Natural Products Which Are Not Otherwise Classified As Nonprotein Amino Acids Amines Peptides Amines Cyanogenic Glycosides Glucosinolates Cofactors Phytohormones or Primary Metabolite (such As Purine or Pyrimidine Bases). 
    42617   Paclitaxel Biosynthetic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Paclitaxel an Alkaloid Compound Used As an Anticancer Treatment. 
    51289   Protein Homotetramerization  The Formation of a Protein Homotetramer a Macromolecular Structure Consisting of Four Noncovalently Associated Identical Subunits. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    3824   Catalytic Activity  Catalysis of a Biochemical Reaction At Physiological Temperatures. in Biologically Catalyzed Reactions the Reactants Are Known As Substrates and the Catalysts Are Naturally Occurring Macromolecular Substances Known As Enzymes. Enzymes Possess Specific Binding Sites For Substrates and Are Usually Composed Wholly or Largely of Protein But RNA That Has Catalytic Activity (ribozyme) Is Often Also Regarded As Enzymatic. 
    16829   Lyase Activity  Catalysis of the Cleavage of C C C O C N and Other Bonds by Other Means Than by Hydrolysis or Oxidation or Conversely Adding a Group to a Double Bond. They Differ From Other Enzymes in That Two Substrates Are Involved in One Reaction Direction But Only One in the Other Direction. When Acting On the Single Substrate a Molecule Is Eliminated and This Generates Either a New Double Bond or a New Ring. 
    16841   Ammonia Lyase Activity  Catalysis of the Release of Ammonia by the Cleavage of a Carbon Nitrogen Bond or the Reverse Reaction with Ammonia As a Substrate. 
    16853   Isomerase Activity  Catalysis of the Geometric or Structural Changes Within One Molecule. Isomerase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 5. 
    16869   Intramolecular Transferase Activity Transferring Amino Groups  Catalysis of the Transfer of an Amino Group From One Position to Another Within a Single Molecule. 
    45548   Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: L Phenylalanine = Nh(4)(+) + Trans Cinnamate. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A,B,C,D
    Scientific Name Taxus wallichiana var. chinensis  
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli k-12  
    Host Strain Top10