The Cellular Metabolic Process in Which a Protein Is Formed Using the Sequence of a Mature MRNA Molecule to Specify the Sequence of Amino Acids in a Polypeptide Chain. Translation Is Mediated by the Ribosome and Begins with the Formation of a Ternary Complex Between Aminoacylated Initiator Methionine TRNA GTP and Initiation Factor 2 Which Subsequently Associates with the Small Subunit of the Ribosome and an Mrna. Translation Ends with the Release of a Polypeptide Chain From the Ribosome.
The Process Preceding Formation of the Peptide Bond Between the First Two Amino Acids of a Protein. This Includes the Formation of a Complex of the Ribosome MRNA and an Initiation Complex That Contains the First Aminoacyl Trna.
The Part of a Cell or Its Extracellular Environment in Which a Gene Product Is Located. a Gene Product May Be Located in One or More Parts of a Cell and Its Location May Be As Specific As a Particular Macromolecular Complex That Is a Stable Persistent Association of Macromolecules That Function Together.