The Cellular Metabolic Process in Which a Protein Is Formed Using the Sequence of a Mature MRNA Molecule to Specify the Sequence of Amino Acids in a Polypeptide Chain. Translation Is Mediated by the Ribosome and Begins with the Formation of a Ternary Complex Between Aminoacylated Initiator Methionine TRNA GTP and Initiation Factor 2 Which Subsequently Associates with the Small Subunit of the Ribosome and an Mrna. Translation Ends with the Release of a Polypeptide Chain From the Ribosome.
The Process of Coupling Serine to Seryl TRNA Catalyzed by Seryl TRNA Synthetase. in TRNA Aminoacylation the Amino Acid Is First Activated by Linkage to AMP and Then Transferred to Either the 2' or the 3' Hydroxyl Group of the 3' Adenosine Residue of the Trna.
The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Selenocysteinyl Trna(sec). This Process Occurs Through the Following Steps: a Unique Serine TRNA with a Uga Recognizing Anticodon Is First Aminoacylated with Serine; This Is Then Phosphorylated by Phosphoseryl Trna[ser]sec Kinase; Lastly Selenium Is Swapped For the Phosphate On the Serine.
Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Nucleotide Any Compound Consisting of a Nucleoside That Is Esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an Oligophosphate At Any Hydroxyl Group On the Ribose or Deoxyribose.