The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Carbohydrates Any of a Group of Organic Compounds Based of the General Formula Cx(h2o)y. Includes the Formation of Carbohydrate Derivatives by the Addition of a Carbohydrate Residue to Another Molecule.
The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Glutathione the Tripeptide Glutamylcysteinylglycine Which Acts As a Coenzyme For Some Enzymes and As an Antioxidant in the Protection of Sulfhydryl Groups in Enzymes and Other Proteins; It Has a Specific Role in the Reduction of Hydrogen Peroxide (h2o2) and Oxidized Ascorbate and It Participates in the Gamma Glutamyl Cycle.
The Process in Which a Relatively Unspecialized Monocyte Acquires the Specialized Features of an Osteoclast. an Osteoclast Is a Specialized Phagocytic Cell Associated with the Absorption and Removal of the Mineralized Matrix of Bone Tissue.
A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm.
Catalysis of the Cleavage of C C C O C N and Other Bonds by Other Means Than by Hydrolysis or Oxidation or Conversely Adding a Group to a Double Bond. They Differ From Other Enzymes in That Two Substrates Are Involved in One Reaction Direction But Only One in the Other Direction. When Acting On the Single Substrate a Molecule Is Eliminated and This Generates Either a New Double Bond or a New Ring.