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Structural characterization of Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase; insights into the mechanism of autoinactivation
Biology and Chemistry Report
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords Lyase
    Text Catalytic loop swap, Lyase

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,B
    Description Glutamate decarboxylase 1 
    Fragment UNP residues 90-594 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers yes 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 58432.3 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name 67 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase, GAD-67, Glutamate decarboxylase 67 kDa isoform 

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    GOL  GLYCEROL  C3 H8 O3   92.09  View 
    HLD  4-oxo-4H-pyran-2,6-dicarboxylic acid  C7 H4 O6   184.10  View 
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,B DCE1_HUMAN Q99259     

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc
    A B      

    Metabolic Pathway(s)

    Chain(s) Biocyc/Metacyc ID
    A B   
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,B
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    19752   Carboxylic Acid Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Carboxylic Acids Any Organic Acid Containing One or More Carboxyl (cooh) Groups or Anions (coo ). 
    3824   Catalytic Activity  Catalysis of a Biochemical Reaction At Physiological Temperatures. in Biologically Catalyzed Reactions the Reactants Are Known As Substrates and the Catalysts Are Naturally Occurring Macromolecular Substances Known As Enzymes. Enzymes Possess Specific Binding Sites For Substrates and Are Usually Composed Wholly or Largely of Protein But RNA That Has Catalytic Activity (ribozyme) Is Often Also Regarded As Enzymatic. 
    16831   Carboxy Lyase Activity  Catalysis of the Nonhydrolytic Addition or Removal of a Carboxyl Group to or From a Compound. 
    30170   Pyridoxal Phosphate Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Pyridoxal 5' Phosphate 3 Hydroxy 5 (hydroxymethyl) 2 Methyl4 Pyridine Carboxaldehyde 5' Phosphate the Biologically Active Form of Vitamin B6. 

  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A,B
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Gene gad1
    Host Common Name Yeast
    Host Scientific Name Saccharomyces cerevisiae  
    Host Strain Yrd15
    Host Vector Type Plasmid
    Host Plasmid Name pAS-1N

    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    2 2q31 2571     glutamate decarboxylase 1 (brain, 67kDa) GAD1