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A novel PAI-I inhibitor and its structural mechanism
Biology and Chemistry Report
3UT3
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords HYDROLASE INHIBITOR
    Text serpin, HYDROLASE INHIBITOR

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,B,C,D
    Description Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 
    Mutation N150H, K154T, Q319L, M354I 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 42309.9 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name PAI, PAI-1, Endothelial plasminogen activator inhibitor, Serpin E1 

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    EMJ  2,5-dihydroxy-3-undecylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione  C17 H26 O4   294.39  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,B,C,D PAI1_HUMAN B7Z4S0     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,B,C,D
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1300   Chronological Cell Aging  The Process Associated with Progression of the Cell From Its Inception to the End of Its Lifespan That Occurs When the Cell Is in a Non Dividing or Quiescent State. 
    1525   Angiogenesis  Blood Vessel Formation When New Vessels Emerge From the Proliferation of Pre Existing Blood Vessels. 
    2576   Platelet Degranulation  The Regulated Exocytosis of Secretory Granules Containing Preformed Mediators Such As Histamine and Serotonin by a Platelet. 
    6351   Transcription DNA Templated  The Cellular Synthesis of RNA On a Template of Dna. 
    6367   Transcription Initiation From RNA Polymerase Ii Promoter  Any Process Involved in the Assembly of the RNA Polymerase Ii Preinitiation Complex (pic) At an RNA Polymerase Ii Promoter Region of a DNA Template Resulting in the Subsequent Synthesis of RNA From That Promoter. the Initiation Phase Includes Pic Assembly and the Formation of the First Few Bonds in the RNA Chain Including Abortive Initiation Which Occurs When the First Few Nucleotides Are Repeatedly Synthesized and Then Released. Promoter Clearance or Release Is the Transition Between the Initiation and Elongation Phases of Transcription. 
    7179   Transforming Growth Factor Beta Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of an Extracellular Ligand to a Transforming Growth Factor Beta Receptor On the Surface of a Target Cell and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7596   Blood Coagulation  The Sequential Process in Which the Multiple Coagulation Factors of the Blood Interact Ultimately Resulting in the Formation of an Insoluble Fibrin Clot; It May Be Divided Into Three Stages: Stage 1 the Formation of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Prothrombin Converting Principle; Stage 2 the Formation of Thrombin; Stage 3 the Formation of Stable Fibrin Polymers. 
    10466   Negative Regulation of Peptidase Activity  Any Process That Stops or Reduces the Rate of Peptidase Activity the Hydrolysis of Peptide Bonds Within Proteins. 
    10467   Gene Expression  The Process in Which a Gene's Sequence Is Converted Into a Mature Gene Product or Products (proteins or Rna). This Includes the Production of an RNA Transcript As Well As Any Processing to Produce a Mature RNA Product or an MRNA (for Protein Coding Genes) and the Translation of That MRNA Into Protein. Some Protein Processing Events May Be Included When They Are Required to Form an Active Form of a Product From an Inactive Precursor Form. 
    10469   Regulation of Receptor Activity  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Receptor Activity. Receptor Activity Is When a Molecule Combines with an Extracellular or Intracellular Messenger to Initiate a Change in Cell Activity. 
    10757   Negative Regulation of Plasminogen Activation  Any Process That Decreases the Rate Frequency or Extent of Plasminogen Activation. Plasminogen Activation Is the Process in Which Plasminogen Is Processed to Plasmin. 
    10951   Negative Regulation of Endopeptidase Activity  Any Process That Decreases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Endopeptidase Activity the Endohydrolysis of Peptide Bonds Within Proteins. 
    14912   Negative Regulation of Smooth Muscle Cell Migration  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Smooth Muscle Cell Migration. 
    30168   Platelet Activation  A Series of Progressive Overlapping Events Triggered by Exposure of the Platelets to Subendothelial Tissue. These Events Include Shape Change Adhesiveness Aggregation and Release Reactions. When Carried Through to Completion These Events Lead to the Formation of a Stable Hemostatic Plug. 
    30194   Positive Regulation of Blood Coagulation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Blood Coagulation. 
    30195   Negative Regulation of Blood Coagulation  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Blood Coagulation. 
    30198   Extracellular Matrix Organization  A Process That Is Carried Out At the Cellular Level Which Results in the Assembly Arrangement of Constituent Parts or Disassembly of an Extracellular Matrix. 
    30336   Negative Regulation of Cell Migration  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Migration. 
    32757   Positive Regulation of Interleukin 8 Production  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Interleukin 8 Production. 
    33629   Negative Regulation of Cell Adhesion Mediated by Integrin  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Adhesion Mediated by Integrin. 
    35491   Positive Regulation of Leukotriene Production Involved in Inflammatory Response  Any Process That Increases the Rate Frequency or Extent of the Synthesis or Release of Any Leukotriene Following a Stimulus As Part of an Inflammatory Response. 
    42127   Regulation of Cell Proliferation  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Proliferation. 
    42730   Fibrinolysis  A Process That Solubilizes Fibrin in the Bloodstream of a Multicellular Organism Chiefly by the Proteolytic Action of Plasmin. 
    45765   Regulation of Angiogenesis  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Angiogenesis. 
    45766   Positive Regulation of Angiogenesis  Any Process That Activates or Increases Angiogenesis. 
    45944   Positive Regulation of Transcription From RNA Polymerase Ii Promoter  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Transcription From an RNA Polymerase Ii Promoter. 
    48260   Positive Regulation of Receptor Mediated Endocytosis  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Receptor Mediated Endocytosis the Uptake of External Materials by Cells Utilizing Receptors to Ensure Specificity of Transport. 
    50729   Positive Regulation of Inflammatory Response  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Inflammatory Response. 
    50829   Defense Response to Gram Negative Bacterium  Reactions Triggered in Response to the Presence of a Gram Negative Bacterium That Act to Protect the Cell or Organism. 
    51918   Negative Regulation of Fibrinolysis  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Fibrinolysis an Ongoing Process That Solubilizes Fibrin Resulting in the Removal of Small Blood Clots. 
    61044   Negative Regulation of Vascular Wound Healing  Any Process That Decreases the Rate Frequency or Extent of Blood Vessel Formation When New Vessels Emerge From the Proliferation of Pre Existing Blood Vessels and Contribute to the Series of Events That Restore Integrity to Damaged Vasculature. 
    61045   Negative Regulation of Wound Healing  Any Process That Decreases the Rate Frequency or Extent of the Series of Events That Restore Integrity to a Damaged Tissue Following an Injury. 
    71222   Cellular Response to Lipopolysaccharide  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Lipopolysaccharide Stimulus; Lipopolysaccharide Is a Major Component of the Cell Wall of Gram Negative Bacteria. 
    90026   Positive Regulation of Monocyte Chemotaxis  Any Process That Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Monocyte Chemotaxis. 
    1902042   Negative Regulation of Extrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway Via Death Domain Receptors  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Extrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway Via Death Domain Receptors. 
    2000098   Negative Regulation of Smooth Muscle Cell Matrix Adhesion  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Smooth Muscle Cell Matrix Adhesion. 
    2000352   Negative Regulation of Endothelial Cell Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Endothelial Cell Apoptotic Process. 
    5576   Extracellular Region  The Space External to the Outermost Structure of a Cell. For Cells Without External Protective or External Encapsulating Structures This Refers to Space Outside of the Plasma Membrane. This Term Covers the Host Cell Environment Outside an Intracellular Parasite. 
    5615   Extracellular Space  That Part of a Multicellular Organism Outside the Cells Proper Usually Taken to Be Outside the Plasma Membranes and Occupied by Fluid. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    31012   Extracellular Matrix  A Structure Lying External to One or More Cells Which Provides Structural Support For Cells or Tissues; May Be Completely External to the Cell (as in Animals and Bacteria) or Be Part of the Cell (as in Plants). 
    31093   Platelet Alpha Granule Lumen  The Volume Enclosed by the Membrane of the Platelet Alpha Granule. 
    70062   Extracellular Vesicular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. 
    2020   Protease Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protease or Peptidase. 
    4867   Serine Type Endopeptidase Inhibitor Activity  Stops Prevents or Reduces the Activity of Serine Type Endopeptidases Enzymes That Catalyze the Hydrolysis of Nonterminal Peptide Bonds in a Polypeptide Chain; a Serine Residue (and a Histidine Residue) Are At the Active Center of the Enzyme. 
    5102   Receptor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with One or More Specific Sites On a Receptor Molecule a Macromolecule That Undergoes Combination with a Hormone Neurotransmitter Drug or Intracellular Messenger to Initiate a Change in Cell Function. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    30414   Peptidase Inhibitor Activity  Stops Prevents or Reduces the Activity of a Peptidase Any Enzyme That Catalyzes the Hydrolysis Peptide Bonds. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A,B,C,D
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Gene serpine1, pai1, planh1
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli  
    Host Strain Bl21(de3)
    Host Vector Type Plasmid
    Host Plasmid Name pT7-PL


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    7 7q22.1 5054     serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade E (nexin, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1), member 1 SERPINE1