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Crystal Structure of Mouse RhoA-GTP complex
Biology and Chemistry Report
3TVD
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords SIGNALING PROTEIN
    Text Alpha helical, Protein_GTP complex, Helical protein, GTP binding protein, Regulates signal transduction pathway, GTP, Nil, Membrane, SIGNALING PROTEIN

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,B
    Description Transforming protein RhoA 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 21813.3 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    GSP  5'-GUANOSINE-DIPHOSPHATE-MONOTHIOPHOSPHATE  C10 H16 N5 O13 P3 S   539.25  View 
    MG  MAGNESIUM ION  Mg   24.31  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,B RHOA_RAT P61589     

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,B
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    902   Cell Morphogenesis  The Developmental Process in Which the Size or Shape of a Cell Is Generated and Organized. 
    1666   Response to Hypoxia  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus Indicating Lowered Oxygen Tension. Hypoxia Defined As a Decline in O2 Levels Below Normoxic Levels of 20.8 20.95% Results in Metabolic Adaptation At Both the Cellular and Organismal Level. 
    6357   Regulation of Transcription From RNA Polymerase Ii Promoter  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Transcription From an RNA Polymerase Ii Promoter. 
    7010   Cytoskeleton Organization  A Process That Is Carried Out At the Cellular Level Which Results in the Assembly Arrangement of Constituent Parts or Disassembly of Cytoskeletal Structures. 
    7049   Cell Cycle  The Progression of Biochemical and Morphological Phases and Events That Occur in a Cell During Successive Cell Replication or Nuclear Replication Events. Canonically the Cell Cycle Comprises the Replication and Segregation of Genetic Material Followed by the Division of the Cell But in Endocycles or Syncytial Cells Nuclear Replication or Nuclear Division May Not Be Followed by Cell Division. 
    7155   Cell Adhesion  The Attachment of a Cell Either to Another Cell or to an Underlying Substrate Such As the Extracellular Matrix Via Cell Adhesion Molecules. 
    7160   Cell Matrix Adhesion  The Binding of a Cell to the Extracellular Matrix Via Adhesion Molecules. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7264   Small Gtpase Mediated Signal Transduction  Any Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Small Monomeric Gtpase Relays One or More of the Signals. 
    7519   Skeletal Muscle Tissue Development  The Developmental Sequence of Events Leading to the Formation of Adult Skeletal Muscle Tissue. the Main Events Are: the Fusion of Myoblasts to Form Myotubes That Increase in Size by Further Fusion to Them of Myoblasts the Formation of Myofibrils Within Their Cytoplasm and the Establishment of Functional Neuromuscular Junctions with Motor Neurons. At This Stage They Can Be Regarded As Mature Muscle Fibers. 
    8064   Regulation of Actin Polymerization or Depolymerization  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Assembly or Disassembly of Actin Filaments by the Addition or Removal of Actin Monomers From a Filament. 
    9612   Response to Mechanical Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Mechanical Stimulus. 
    9749   Response to Glucose  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Glucose Stimulus. 
    15031   Protein Transport  The Directed Movement of Proteins Into Out of or Within a Cell or Between Cells by Means of Some Agent Such As a Transporter or Pore. 
    21795   Cerebral Cortex Cell Migration  The Orderly Movement of Cells From One Site to Another in the Cerebral Cortex. 
    21861   Forebrain Radial Glial Cell Differentiation  The Process in Which Neuroepithelial Cells of the Neural Tube Give Rise to Radial Glial Cells Specialized Bipotential Progenitors Cells of the Forebrain. Differentiation Includes the Processes Involved in Commitment of a Cell to a Specific Fate. 
    30036   Actin Cytoskeleton Organization  A Process That Is Carried Out At the Cellular Level Which Results in the Assembly Arrangement of Constituent Parts or Disassembly of Cytoskeletal Structures Comprising Actin Filaments and Their Associated Proteins. 
    30154   Cell Differentiation  The Process in Which Relatively Unspecialized Cells E.g. Embryonic or Regenerative Cells Acquire Specialized Structural And/or Functional Features That Characterize the Cells Tissues or Organs of the Mature Organism or Some Other Relatively Stable Phase of the Organism's Life History. Differentiation Includes the Processes Involved in Commitment of a Cell to a Specific Fate and Its Subsequent Development to the Mature State. 
    30307   Positive Regulation of Cell Growth  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate Extent or Direction of Cell Growth. 
    30334   Regulation of Cell Migration  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Migration. 
    30335   Positive Regulation of Cell Migration  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Migration. 
    30521   Androgen Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of an Androgen Binding to Its Receptor. 
    30838   Positive Regulation of Actin Filament Polymerization  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Actin Polymerization. 
    31098   Stress Activated Protein Kinase Signaling Cascade  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Stress Activated Protein Kinase (sapk) Cascade Relays One or More of the Signals. 
    32467   Positive Regulation of Cytokinesis  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Division of the Cytoplasm of a Cell and Its Separation Into Two Daughter Cells. 
    33144   Negative Regulation of Intracellular Steroid Hormone Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Activity of Any Intracellular Steroid Hormone Receptor Signaling Pathway. 
    33688   Regulation of Osteoblast Proliferation  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Osteoblast Proliferation. 
    36089   Cleavage Furrow Formation  Generation of the Cleavage Furrow a Shallow Groove in the Cell Surface Near the Old Metaphase Plate That Marks the Site of Cytokinesis. This Process Includes the Recruitment and Localized Activation of Signals Such As Rhoa At the Site of the Future Furrow to Ensure That Furrowing Initiates At the Correct Site in the Cell. 
    42493   Response to Drug  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Drug Stimulus. a Drug Is a Substance Used in the Diagnosis Treatment or Prevention of a Disease. 
    43123   Positive Regulation of I Kappab Kinase/nf Kappab Signaling  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of I Kappab Kinase/nf Kappab Signaling. 
    43124   Negative Regulation of I Kappab Kinase/nf Kappab Signaling  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Kappab Kinase/nf Kappab Signaling. 
    43149   Stress Fiber Assembly  The Aggregation Arrangement and Bonding Together of a Set of Components to Form a Stress Fiber. a Stress Fiber Is a Contractile Actin Filament Bundle That Consists of Short Actin Filaments with Alternating Polarity. 
    43200   Response to Amino Acid  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Amino Acid Stimulus. an Amino Acid Is a Carboxylic Acids Containing One or More Amino Groups. 
    43280   Positive Regulation of Cysteine Type Endopeptidase Activity Involved in Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Activity of a Cysteine Type Endopeptidase Involved in the Apoptotic Process. 
    43297   Apical Junction Assembly  The Formation of an Apical Junction a Functional Unit Located Near the Cell Apex At the Points of Contact Between Epithelial Cells Composed of the Tight Junction the Zonula Adherens Junction and the Desmosomes by the Aggregation Arrangement and Bonding Together of Its Constituents. 
    43524   Negative Regulation of Neuron Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process in Neurons. 
    43525   Positive Regulation of Neuron Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death of Neurons by Apoptotic Process. 
    43931   Ossification Involved in Bone Maturation  The Formation of Bone or of a Bony Substance or the Conversion of Fibrous Tissue or of Cartilage Into Bone Involved in the Progression of the Skeleton From Its Formation to Its Mature State. 
    44319   Wound Healing Spreading of Cells  The Migration of a Cell Along or Through a Wound Gap That Contributes to the Reestablishment of a Continuous Surface. 
    45471   Response to Ethanol  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Ethanol Stimulus. 
    45665   Negative Regulation of Neuron Differentiation  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Neuron Differentiation. 
    45727   Positive Regulation of Translation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Proteins by the Translation of Mrna. 
    45785   Positive Regulation of Cell Adhesion  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Adhesion. 
    45907   Positive Regulation of Vasoconstriction  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Vasoconstriction. 
    45987   Positive Regulation of Smooth Muscle Contraction  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Smooth Muscle Contraction. 
    46039   GTP Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    48812   Neuron Projection Morphogenesis  The Process in Which the Anatomical Structures of a Neuron Projection Are Generated and Organized. a Neuron Projection Is Any Process Extending From a Neural Cell Such As Axons or Dendrites. 
    50773   Regulation of Dendrite Development  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Dendrite Development. 
    51301   Cell Division  The Process Resulting in Division and Partitioning of Components of a Cell to Form More Cells; May or May Not Be Accompanied by the Physical Separation of a Cell Into Distinct Individually Membrane Bounded Daughter Cells. 
    51384   Response to Glucocorticoid  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Glucocorticoid Stimulus. Glucocorticoids Are Hormonal C21 Corticosteroids Synthesized From Cholesterol with the Ability to Bind with the Cortisol Receptor and Trigger Similar Effects. Glucocorticoids Act Primarily On Carbohydrate and Protein Metabolism and Have Anti Inflammatory Effects. 
    51924   Regulation of Calcium Ion Transport  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Directed Movement of Calcium Ions Into Out of or Within a Cell or Between Cells by Means of Some Agent Such As a Transporter or Pore. 
    60548   Negative Regulation of Cell Death  Any Process That Decreases the Rate or Frequency of Cell Death. Cell Death Is the Specific Activation or Halting of Processes Within a Cell So That Its Vital Functions Markedly Cease Rather Than Simply Deteriorating Gradually Over Time Which Culminates in Cell Death. 
    61383   Trabecula Morphogenesis  The Process of Shaping a Trabecula in an Organ. a Trabecula Is a Small Often Microscopic Tissue Element in the Form of a Small Beam Strut or Rod Which Generally Has a Mechanical Function. Trabecula Are Usually But Not Necessarily Composed of Dense Collagenous Tissue. 
    71393   Cellular Response to Progesterone Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Progesterone Stimulus. 
    71803   Positive Regulation of Podosome Assembly  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Rate or Extent of Podosome Assembly. 
    1902766   Skeletal Muscle Satellite Cell Migration  The Orderly Movement of a Skeletal Muscle Satellite Cell From One Site to Another. Migration of These Cells Is a Key Step in the Process of Growth and Repair of Skeletal Muscle Cells. 
    2000177   Regulation of Neural Precursor Cell Proliferation  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Neural Precursor Cell Proliferation. 
    5622   Intracellular  The Living Contents of a Cell; the Matter Contained Within (but Not Including) the Plasma Membrane Usually Taken to Exclude Large Vacuoles and Masses of Secretory or Ingested Material. in Eukaryotes It Includes the Nucleus and Cytoplasm. 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5739   Mitochondrion  A Semiautonomous Self Replicating Organelle That Occurs in Varying Numbers Shapes and Sizes in the Cytoplasm of Virtually All Eukaryotic Cells. It Is Notably the Site of Tissue Respiration. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    5856   Cytoskeleton  Any of the Various Filamentous Elements That Form the Internal Framework of Cells and Typically Remain After Treatment of the Cells with Mild Detergent to Remove Membrane Constituents and Soluble Components of the Cytoplasm. the Term Embraces Intermediate Filaments Microfilaments Microtubules the Microtrabecular Lattice and Other Structures Characterized by a Polymeric Filamentous Nature and Long Range Order Within the Cell. the Various Elements of the Cytoskeleton Not Only Serve in the Maintenance of Cellular Shape But Also Have Roles in Other Cellular Functions Including Cellular Movement Cell Division Endocytosis and Movement of Organelles. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    5938   Cell Cortex  The Region of a Cell That Lies Just Beneath the Plasma Membrane and Often But Not Always Contains a Network of Actin Filaments and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  A Lipid Bilayer Along with All the Proteins and Protein Complexes Embedded in It an Attached to It. 
    30027   Lamellipodium  A Thin Sheetlike Process Extended by the Leading Edge of a Crawling Fibroblast; Contains a Dense Meshwork of Actin Filaments. 
    30424   Axon  The Long Process of a Neuron That Conducts Nerve Impulses Usually Away From the Cell Body to the Terminals and Varicosities Which Are Sites of Storage and Release of Neurotransmitter. 
    30496   Midbody  A Thin Cytoplasmic Bridge Formed Between Daughter Cells At the End of Cytokinesis. the Midbody Forms Where the Contractile Ring Constricts and May Persist For Some Time Before Finally Breaking to Complete Cytokinesis. 
    32154   Cleavage Furrow  In Animal Cells the First Sign of Cleavage or Cytokinesis Is the Appearance of a Shallow Groove in the Cell Surface Near the Old Metaphase Plate. a Contractile Ring Containing Actin and Myosin Is Located Just Inside the Plasma Membrane At the Location of the Furrow. Ring Contraction Is Associated with Centripetal Growth of the Membrane That Deepens the Cleavage Furrow and Divides the Cytoplasm of the Two Daughter Cells. While the Term 'cleavage Furrow' Was Initially Associated with Animal Cells Such a Structure Occurs in Many Other Types of Cells Including Unicellular Protists. 
    32587   Ruffle Membrane  The Portion of the Plasma Membrane Surrounding a Ruffle. 
    42995   Cell Projection  A Prolongation or Process Extending From a Cell E.g. a Flagellum or Axon. 
    43296   Apical Junction Complex  A Functional Unit Located Near the Cell Apex At the Points of Contact Between Epithelial Cells Which in Vertebrates Is Composed of the Tight Junction the Zonula Adherens and Desmosomes and in Some Invertebrates Such As Drosophila Is Composed of the Subapical Complex (sac) the Zonula Adherens and the Septate Junction. Functions in the Regulation of Cell Polarity Tissue Integrity and Intercellular Adhesion and Permeability. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    5525   GTP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    19003   GDP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with GDP Guanosine 5' Diphosphate. 
    19904   Protein Domain Specific Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Specific Domain of a Protein. 
    51022   Rho GDP Dissociation Inhibitor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Rho GDP Dissociation Inhibitor Protein. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A,B
    Common Name Rat
    Scientific Name Rattus norvegicus  
    Gene arha, arha2, rhoa
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli  
    Host Strain Bl21


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    8 - 117273     ras homolog family member A RHOA