Biology and Chemistry Report
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords


    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description THIOREDOXIN 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 11720.5 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A THIO_HUMAN B1ALW1     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    122   Negative Regulation of Transcription From RNA Polymerase Ii Promoter  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Transcription From an RNA Polymerase Ii Promoter. 
    6351   Transcription DNA Templated  The Cellular Synthesis of RNA On a Template of Dna. 
    6355   Regulation of Transcription DNA Templated  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cellular DNA Templated Transcription. 
    6662   Glycerol Ether Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Glycerol Ethers Any Anhydride Formed Between Two Organic Hydroxy Compounds One of Which Is Glycerol. 
    6928   Cellular Component Movement  The Directed Self Propelled Movement of a Cellular Component Without the Involvement of an External Agent Such As a Transporter or a Pore. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7267   Cell Cell Signaling  Any Process That Mediates the Transfer of Information From One Cell to Another. 
    8283   Cell Proliferation  The Multiplication or Reproduction of Cells Resulting in the Expansion of a Cell Population. 
    9314   Response to Radiation  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Electromagnetic Radiation Stimulus. Electromagnetic Radiation Is a Propagating Wave in Space with Electric and Magnetic Components. These Components Oscillate At Right Angles to Each Other and to the Direction of Propagation. 
    15949   Nucleobase Containing Small Molecule Interconversion  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways by Which a Nucleobase Nucleoside or Nucleotide Small Molecule Is Synthesized From Another Nucleobase Nucleoside or Nucleotide Small Molecule. 
    33158   Regulation of Protein Import Into Nucleus Translocation  Any Process That Modulates the Vectorial Transfer of a Protein From the Cytoplasm Into the Nucleus Across the Nuclear Membrane. 
    35872   Nucleotide Binding Domain Leucine Rich Repeat Containing Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a Nucleotide Binding Domain Leucine Rich Repeat Containing Receptor (nlr) Binding to One of Its Physiological Ligands. Nlrs Are Cytoplasmic Receptors Defined by Their Tripartite Domain Architecture That Contains: a Variable C Terminus a Middle Nucleotide Binding Domain and a Lrr Domain That Is Variable in the Repeats Composition and Number. the Nlr Signaling Pathway Begins with Binding of a Ligand to a Nlr Receptor and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process. 
    43388   Positive Regulation of DNA Binding  Any Process That Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of DNA Binding. DNA Binding Is Any Process in Which a Gene Product Interacts Selectively with DNA (deoxyribonucleic Acid). 
    44281   Small Molecule Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Small Molecules Any Low Molecular Weight Monomeric Non Encoded Molecule. 
    45087   Innate Immune Response  Innate Immune Responses Are Defense Responses Mediated by Germline Encoded Components That Directly Recognize Components of Potential Pathogens. 
    45454   Cell Redox Homeostasis  Any Process That Maintains the Redox Environment of a Cell or Compartment Within a Cell. 
    46826   Negative Regulation of Protein Export From Nucleus  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Directed Movement of Proteins From the Nucleus Into the Cytoplasm. 
    55086   Nucleobase Containing Small Molecule Metabolic Process  The Cellular Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving a Nucleobase Containing Small Molecule: a Nucleobase a Nucleoside or a Nucleotide. 
    55114   Oxidation Reduction Process  A Metabolic Process That Results in the Removal or Addition of One or More Electrons to or From a Substance with or Without the Concomitant Removal or Addition of a Proton or Protons. 
    5576   Extracellular Region  The Space External to the Outermost Structure of a Cell. For Cells Without External Protective or External Encapsulating Structures This Refers to Space Outside of the Plasma Membrane. This Term Covers the Host Cell Environment Outside an Intracellular Parasite. 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5654   Nucleoplasm  That Part of the Nuclear Content Other Than the Chromosomes or the Nucleolus. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5739   Mitochondrion  A Semiautonomous Self Replicating Organelle That Occurs in Varying Numbers Shapes and Sizes in the Cytoplasm of Virtually All Eukaryotic Cells. It Is Notably the Site of Tissue Respiration. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    70062   Extracellular Vesicular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    15035   Protein Disulfide Oxidoreductase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: a Protein with Reduced Sulfide Groups = a Protein with Oxidized Disulfide Bonds. 
    15037   Peptide Disulfide Oxidoreductase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: a Peptide with Reduced Sulfide Groups = a Peptide with Oxidized Disulfide Bonds. 
    44822   Poly(a) RNA Binding  Interacting Non Covalently with a Poly(a) RNA a RNA Molecule Which Has a Tail of Adenine Bases. 

  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Genus Homo

    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    9 9q31 7295     thioredoxin TXN    

    Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (from LS-SNP database)

    SNP ID LsSnp Link dbSNP Link Chain PDB position Amino acid changes Secondary structure Solvent Accessibility Chromosome Chromosome position Ligand
    rs146018216 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 17 A - > V Helix 80% (Exposed) 9 113013717
    rs12047 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 34 P - > H Turn 77% (Exposed) 9 113013666
    rs145669620 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 35 C - > Y Turn 19% (Intermediate) 9 113013663
    rs11555801 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 88 E - > G Beta Ladder 54% (Exposed) 9 113006492
    rs201980244 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 101 I - > T Helix 1% (Buried) 9 113006453