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Crystal structure of the beta2 adrenergic receptor-Gs protein complex
Biology and Chemistry Report
3SN6
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords SIGNALING PROTEIN/Hydrolase
    Text seven transmembrane receptor, nanobody, G protein-coupled receptor, GPCR, signal transduction, G protein signaling, SIGNALING PROTEIN-Hydrolase complex

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(s) subunit alpha isoforms short 
    Mutation G72S 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 44370.6 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name Adenylate cyclase-stimulating G alpha protein 
    Chain B
    Description Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(T) subunit beta-1 
    Mutation M1Q 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 38744.7 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name Transducin beta chain 1 
    Chain G
    Description Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) subunit gamma-2 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 7563.8 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name G gamma-I 
    Chain R
    Description Lysozyme, Beta-2 adrenergic receptor 
    Mutation C54T, C97A, M96T, M98T, N187E 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 58303.8 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name Endolysin, Lysis protein, Muramidase, Beta-2 adrenoreceptor, Beta-2 adrenoceptor 
    Chain N
    Description Camelid antibody VHH fragment 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 15140.9 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    P0G  8-[(1R)-2-{[1,1-dimethyl-2-(2-methylphenyl)ethyl]amino}-1-hydroxyethyl]-5-hydroxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one  C21 H26 N2 O4   370.44  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A GNAS2_BOVIN P04896     
    B GBB1_RAT P54311     
    G GBG2_BOVIN P63212     
    R ADRB2_HUMAN P07550     
    R ENLYS_BPT4 P00720     

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc
    3.2.1.17      

    Immune Epitopes (B-cell and T-Cell)

    Immune Epitope Database (IEDB)
    Epitope ID 189526    
    Epitope ID 189527    
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1501   Skeletal System Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Skeleton Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Skeleton Is the Bony Framework of the Body in Vertebrates (endoskeleton) or the Hard Outer Envelope of Insects (exoskeleton or Dermoskeleton). 
    1894   Tissue Homeostasis  A Homeostatic Process Involved in the Maintenance of an Internal Steady State Within a Defined Tissue of an Organism Including Control of Cellular Proliferation and Death and Control of Metabolic Function. 
    1958   Endochondral Ossification  Replacement Ossification Wherein Bone Tissue Replaces Cartilage. 
    6112   Energy Reserve Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways by Which a Cell Derives Energy From Stored Compounds Such As Fats or Glycogen. 
    6306   DNA Methylation  The Covalent Transfer of a Methyl Group to Either N 6 of Adenine or C 5 or N 4 of Cytosine. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. the Pathway Can Start From the Plasma Membrane Golgi or Nuclear Membrane (pmid:24568158 and Pmid:16902576). 
    7189   Adenylate Cyclase Activating G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds Through Activation of Adenylyl Cyclase Activity and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    7191   Adenylate Cyclase Activating Dopamine Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a Dopamine Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Adenylyl Cyclase and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    9791   Post Embryonic Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Organism Over Time From the Completion of Embryonic Development to the Mature Structure. See Embryonic Development. 
    30819   Positive Regulation of Camp Biosynthetic Process  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of the Nucleotide Camp (cyclic AMP Adenosine 3' 5' Cyclophosphate). 
    35116   Embryonic Hindlimb Morphogenesis  The Process Occurring in the Embryo by Which the Anatomical Structures of the Hindlimbs Are Generated and Organized. the Hindlimbs Are the Posterior Limbs of an Animal. 
    35264   Multicellular Organism Growth  The Increase in Size or Mass of an Entire Multicellular Organism As Opposed to Cell Growth. 
    40032   Post Embryonic Body Morphogenesis  The Process in Which the Anatomical Structures of the Post Embryonic Soma Are Generated and Organized. 
    42493   Response to Drug  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Drug Stimulus. a Drug Is a Substance Used in the Diagnosis Treatment or Prevention of a Disease. 
    43547   Positive Regulation of Gtpase Activity  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Activity of a Gtpase. 
    43588   Skin Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Skin Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Skin Is the External Membranous Integument of an Animal. in Vertebrates the Skin Generally Consists of Two Layers an Outer Nonsensitive and Nonvascular Epidermis (cuticle or Skarfskin) Composed of Cells Which Are Constantly Growing and Multiplying in the Deeper and Being Thrown Off in the Superficial Layers As Well As an Inner Vascular Dermis (cutis Corium or True Skin) Composed Mostly of Connective Tissue. 
    43950   Positive Regulation of Camp Mediated Signaling  Any Process Which Activates Maintains or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Camp Mediated Signaling a Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Cell Uses Cyclic AMP to Convert an Extracellular Signal Into a Response. 
    45669   Positive Regulation of Osteoblast Differentiation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Osteoblast Differentiation. 
    45672   Positive Regulation of Osteoclast Differentiation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Osteoclast Differentiation. 
    48589   Developmental Growth  The Increase in Size or Mass of an Entire Organism a Part of an Organism or a Cell Where the Increase in Size or Mass Has the Specific Outcome of the Progression of the Organism Over Time From One Condition to Another. 
    48701   Embryonic Cranial Skeleton Morphogenesis  The Process in Which the Anatomical Structures of the Cranial Skeleton Are Generated and Organized During the Embryonic Phase. 
    50890   Cognition  The Operation of the Mind by Which an Organism Becomes Aware of Objects of Thought or Perception; It Includes the Mental Activities Associated with Thinking Learning and Memory. 
    51216   Cartilage Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of a Cartilage Element Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. Cartilage Elements Are Skeletal Elements That Consist of Connective Tissue Dominated by Extracellular Matrix Containing Collagen Type Ii and Large Amounts of Proteoglycan Particularly Chondroitin Sulfate. 
    60348   Bone Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of Bone Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. Bone Is the Hard Skeletal Connective Tissue Consisting of Both Mineral and Cellular Components. 
    60789   Hair Follicle Placode Formation  The Developmental Process in Which a Hair Placode Forms. an Hair Follicle Placode Is a Thickening of the Ectoderm That Will Give Rise to the Hair Follicle Bud. 
    70527   Platelet Aggregation  The Adhesion of One Platelet to One or More Other Platelets Via Adhesion Molecules. 
    71514   Genetic Imprinting  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Macromolecules by a Mechanism That Is Mediated by DNA Is Mitotically or Meiotically Heritable or Is Stably Self Propagated in the Cytoplasm of a Resting Cell and Does Not Entail a Change in DNA Sequence. 
    71880   Adenylate Cyclase Activating Adrenergic Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of an Adrenergic Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Adenylyl Cyclase and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  A Lipid Bilayer Along with All the Proteins and Protein Complexes Embedded in It an Attached to It. 
    30425   Dendrite  A Neuron Projection That Has a Short Tapering Often Branched Morphology Receives and Integrates Signals From Other Neurons or From Sensory Stimuli and Conducts a Nerve Impulse Towards the Axon or the Cell Body. in Most Neurons the Impulse Is Conveyed From Dendrites to Axon Via the Cell Body But in Some Types of Unipolar Neuron the Impulse Does Not Travel Via the Cell Body. 
    70062   Extracellular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm. 
    166   Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Nucleotide Any Compound Consisting of a Nucleoside That Is Esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an Oligophosphate At Any Hydroxyl Group On the Ribose or Deoxyribose. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    5525   GTP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    19001   Guanyl Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Guanyl Nucleotides Any Compound Consisting of Guanosine Esterified with (ortho)phosphate. 
    31683   G Protein Beta/gamma Subunit Complex Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Complex of G Protein Beta/gamma Subunits. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 
    Chain B
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. the Pathway Can Start From the Plasma Membrane Golgi or Nuclear Membrane (pmid:24568158 and Pmid:16902576). 
    7200   Phospholipase C Activating G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Phospholipase C (plc) and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Inositol Trisphosphate (ip3) and Diacylglycerol (dag). 
    7204   Positive Regulation of Cytosolic Calcium Ion Concentration  Any Process That Increases the Concentration of Calcium Ions in the Cytosol. 
    8152   Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Including Anabolism and Catabolism by Which Living Organisms Transform Chemical Substances. Metabolic Processes Typically Transform Small Molecules But Also Include Macromolecular Processes Such As DNA Repair and Replication and Protein Synthesis and Degradation. 
    8283   Cell Proliferation  The Multiplication or Reproduction of Cells Resulting in the Expansion of a Cell Population. 
    10659   Cardiac Muscle Cell Apoptotic Process  A Form of Programmed Cell Death Induced by External or Internal Signals That Trigger the Activity of Proteolytic Caspases Whose Actions Dismantle a Cardiac Muscle Cell and Result in Its Death. Cardiac Muscle Cells Are Striated Muscle Cells That Are Responsible For Heart Contraction. 
    50909   Sensory Perception of Taste  The Series of Events Required For an Organism to Receive a Gustatory Stimulus Convert It to a Molecular Signal and Recognize and Characterize the Signal. Gustation Involves the Direct Detection of Chemical Composition Usually Through Contact with Chemoreceptor Cells. This Is a Neurological Process. 
    60041   Retina Development in Camera Type Eye  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Retina Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Retina Is the Innermost Layer or Coating At the Back of the Eyeball Which Is Sensitive to Light and in Which the Optic Nerve Terminates. 
    71456   Cellular Response to Hypoxia  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus Indicating Lowered Oxygen Tension. Hypoxia Defined As a Decline in O2 Levels Below Normoxic Levels of 20.8 20.95% Results in Metabolic Adaptation At Both the Cellular and Organismal Level. 
    1750   Photoreceptor Outer Segment  The Outer Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor That Contains Discs of Photoreceptive Membranes. 
    1917   Photoreceptor Inner Segment  The Inner Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor Containing Mitochondria Ribosomes and Membranes Where Opsin Molecules Are Assembled and Passed to Be Part of the Outer Segment Discs. 
    5765   Lysosomal Membrane  The Lipid Bilayer Surrounding the Lysosome and Separating Its Contents From the Cell Cytoplasm. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    5834   Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex  Any of a Family of Heterotrimeric GTP Binding and Hydrolyzing Proteins; They Belong to a Superfamily of Gtpases That Includes Monomeric Proteins Such As Ef Tu and Ras. Heterotrimeric G Proteins Consist of Three Subunits; the Alpha Subunit Contains the Guanine Nucleotide Binding Site and Possesses Gtpase Activity; the Beta and Gamma Subunits Are Tightly Associated and Function As a Beta Gamma Heterodimer; Extrinsic Plasma Membrane Proteins (cytoplasmic Face) That Function As a Complex to Transduce Signals From G Protein Coupled Receptors to an Effector Protein. 
    30425   Dendrite  A Neuron Projection That Has a Short Tapering Often Branched Morphology Receives and Integrates Signals From Other Neurons or From Sensory Stimuli and Conducts a Nerve Impulse Towards the Axon or the Cell Body. in Most Neurons the Impulse Is Conveyed From Dendrites to Axon Via the Cell Body But in Some Types of Unipolar Neuron the Impulse Does Not Travel Via the Cell Body. 
    31982   Vesicle  Any Small Fluid Filled Spherical Organelle Enclosed by Membrane or Protein. 
    42622   Photoreceptor Outer Segment Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding the Outer Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor. 
    43209   Myelin Sheath  An Electrically Insulating Fatty Layer That Surrounds the Axons of Many Neurons. It Is an Outgrowth of Glial Cells: Schwann Cells Supply the Myelin For Peripheral Neurons While Oligodendrocytes Supply It to Those of the Central Nervous System. 
    44297   Cell Body  The Portion of a Cell Bearing Surface Projections Such As Axons Dendrites Cilia or Flagella That Includes the Nucleus But Excludes All Cell Projections. 
    70062   Extracellular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm. 
    1664   G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a G Protein Coupled Receptor. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    30507   Spectrin Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Spectrin a Protein That Is the Major Constituent of the Erythrocyte Cytoskeletal Network. It Associates with Band 4.1 (see Band Protein) and Actin to Form the Cytoskeletal Superstructure of the Erythrocyte Plasma Membrane. It Is Composed of Nonhomologous Chains Alpha and Beta Which Aggregate Side to Side in an Antiparallel Fashion to Form Dimers Tetramers and Higher Polymers. 
    31702   Type 1 Angiotensin Receptor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Type 1 Angiotensin Receptor. 
    32403   Protein Complex Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    51020   Gtpase Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Gtpase Any Enzyme That Catalyzes the Hydrolysis of Gtp. 
    Chain G
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. the Pathway Can Start From the Plasma Membrane Golgi or Nuclear Membrane (pmid:24568158 and Pmid:16902576). 
    7191   Adenylate Cyclase Activating Dopamine Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a Dopamine Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Adenylyl Cyclase and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    8283   Cell Proliferation  The Multiplication or Reproduction of Cells Resulting in the Expansion of a Cell Population. 
    71380   Cellular Response to Prostaglandin E Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Prostagladin E Stimulus. 
    71870   Cellular Response to Catecholamine Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Catecholamine Stimulus. a Catecholamine Is Any of a Group of Biogenic Amines That Includes 4 (2 Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol [4 (2 Aminoethyl)benzene 1 2 Diol] and Derivatives Formed by Substitution. 
    5834   Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex  Any of a Family of Heterotrimeric GTP Binding and Hydrolyzing Proteins; They Belong to a Superfamily of Gtpases That Includes Monomeric Proteins Such As Ef Tu and Ras. Heterotrimeric G Proteins Consist of Three Subunits; the Alpha Subunit Contains the Guanine Nucleotide Binding Site and Possesses Gtpase Activity; the Beta and Gamma Subunits Are Tightly Associated and Function As a Beta Gamma Heterodimer; Extrinsic Plasma Membrane Proteins (cytoplasmic Face) That Function As a Complex to Transduce Signals From G Protein Coupled Receptors to an Effector Protein. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  A Lipid Bilayer Along with All the Proteins and Protein Complexes Embedded in It an Attached to It. 
    70062   Extracellular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    31681   G Protein Beta Subunit Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a G Protein Beta Subunit. 
    Chain R
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    6940   Regulation of Smooth Muscle Contraction  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Smooth Muscle Contraction. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. the Pathway Can Start From the Plasma Membrane Golgi or Nuclear Membrane (pmid:24568158 and Pmid:16902576). 
    7189   Adenylate Cyclase Activating G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds Through Activation of Adenylyl Cyclase Activity and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    8152   Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Including Anabolism and Catabolism by Which Living Organisms Transform Chemical Substances. Metabolic Processes Typically Transform Small Molecules But Also Include Macromolecular Processes Such As DNA Repair and Replication and Protein Synthesis and Degradation. 
    9253   Peptidoglycan Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of Peptidoglycans Any of a Class of Glycoconjugates Found in Bacterial Cell Walls. 
    16998   Cell Wall Macromolecule Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of Macromolecules That Form Part of a Cell Wall. 
    19076   Viral Release From Host Cell  The Dissemination of Mature Viral Particles From the Host Cell E.g. by Cell Lysis or the Budding of Virus Particles From the Cell Membrane. 
    19835   Cytolysis  The Rupture of Cell Membranes and the Loss of Cytoplasm. 
    42312   Regulation of Vasodilation  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Increases in the Diameter of Blood Vessels. 
    42742   Defense Response to Bacterium  Reactions Triggered in Response to the Presence of a Bacterium That Act to Protect the Cell or Organism. 
    16021   Integral Component of Membrane  The Component of a Membrane Consisting of the Gene Products and Protein Complexes Having At Least Some Part of Their Peptide Sequence Embedded in the Hydrophobic Region of the Membrane. 
    30430   Host Cell Cytoplasm  The Cytoplasm of a Host Cell. 
    3796   Lysozyme Activity  Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of the Beta (1 >4) Linkages Between N Acetylmuramic Acid and N Acetyl D Glucosamine Residues in a Peptidoglycan and Between N Acetyl D Glucosamine Residues in Chitodextrins. 
    3824   Catalytic Activity  Catalysis of a Biochemical Reaction At Physiological Temperatures. in Biologically Catalyzed Reactions the Reactants Are Known As Substrates and the Catalysts Are Naturally Occurring Macromolecular Substances Known As Enzymes. Enzymes Possess Specific Binding Sites For Substrates and Are Usually Composed Wholly or Largely of Protein But RNA That Has Catalytic Activity (ribozyme) Is Often Also Regarded As Enzymatic. 
    4930   G Protein Coupled Receptor Activity  Combining with an Extracellular Signal and Transmitting the Signal Across the Membrane by Activating an Associated G Protein; Promotes the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of a Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. 
    4941   Beta2 Adrenergic Receptor Activity  Combining with Epinephrine or Norepinephrine to Initiate a Change in Cell Activity Via Activation of a G Protein with Pharmacological Characteristics of Beta2 Adrenergic Receptors. 
    16787   Hydrolase Activity  Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of Various Bonds E.g. C O C N C C Phosphoric Anhydride Bonds Etc. Hydrolase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 3. 
    16798   Hydrolase Activity Acting On Glycosyl Bonds  Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of Any Glycosyl Bond. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain N
    Scientific Name Lama glama  
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli  


    Chain R
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Enterobacteria phage t4, homo sapiens  
    Gene e, adrb2, adrb2r, b2ar
    Host Scientific Name Spodoptera frugiperda  


    Chain G
    Common Name Bovine Cow Domestic Cattle Domestic Cow
    Scientific Name Bos taurus  
    Gene gng2
    Host Scientific Name Spodoptera frugiperda  


    Chain B
    Common Name Brown Rat Rat Rats
    Scientific Name Rattus norvegicus  
    Gene gnb1
    Host Scientific Name Spodoptera frugiperda  


    Chain A
    Common Name Bovine Cow Domestic Cattle Domestic Cow
    Scientific Name Bos taurus  
    Gene gnas, gnas1
    Host Scientific Name Spodoptera frugiperda  


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    5 5q36 24400     guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 1 GNB1    
    5 5q31-q32 154     adrenoceptor beta 2, surface ADRB2    
    10 - 281203     guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 2 GNG2    
    13 13q22 281793     GNAS complex locus GNAS    
    - - 1258585     intracellular N-acetyl muramidase; lysis from within E