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Structure of the T6 human insulin derivative with nickel at 1.35 A resolution
Biology and Chemistry Report
3EXX
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords HORMONE
    Text nickel insulin, Carbohydrate metabolism, Cleavage on pair of basic residues, Diabetes mellitus, Disease mutation, Glucose metabolism, Hormone, Secreted

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,C
    Description Insulin A chain 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 2383.7 
    Source Method natural source  
    Chain B,D
    Description Insulin B chain 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 3434.0 
    Source Method natural source  

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    NA  SODIUM ION  Na   22.99  View 
    NI  NICKEL (II) ION  Ni   58.69  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,C INS_HUMAN P01308     
    B,D INS_HUMAN P01308     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,C
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    5576   Extracellular Region  The Space External to the Outermost Structure of a Cell. For Cells Without External Protective or External Encapsulating Structures This Refers to Space Outside of the Plasma Membrane. This Term Covers the Host Cell Environment Outside an Intracellular Parasite. 
    5179   Hormone Activity  The Action Characteristic of a Hormone Any Substance Formed in Very Small Amounts in One Specialized Organ or Group of Cells and Carried (sometimes in the Bloodstream) to Another Organ or Group of Cells in the Same Organism Upon Which It Has a Specific Regulatory Action. the Term Was Originally Applied to Agents with a Stimulatory Physiological Action in Vertebrate Animals (as Opposed to a Chalone Which Has a Depressant Action). Usage Is Now Extended to Regulatory Compounds in Lower Animals and Plants and to Synthetic Substances Having Comparable Effects; All Bind Receptors and Trigger Some Biological Process. 
    Chain B,D
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    5576   Extracellular Region  The Space External to the Outermost Structure of a Cell. For Cells Without External Protective or External Encapsulating Structures This Refers to Space Outside of the Plasma Membrane. This Term Covers the Host Cell Environment Outside an Intracellular Parasite. 
    5179   Hormone Activity  The Action Characteristic of a Hormone Any Substance Formed in Very Small Amounts in One Specialized Organ or Group of Cells and Carried (sometimes in the Bloodstream) to Another Organ or Group of Cells in the Same Organism Upon Which It Has a Specific Regulatory Action. the Term Was Originally Applied to Agents with a Stimulatory Physiological Action in Vertebrate Animals (as Opposed to a Chalone Which Has a Depressant Action). Usage Is Now Extended to Regulatory Compounds in Lower Animals and Plants and to Synthetic Substances Having Comparable Effects; All Bind Receptors and Trigger Some Biological Process. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Natural Source

    Chain B,D
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Chain A,C
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  

    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    11 11p15.5 3630     insulin INS    

    Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (from LS-SNP database)

    SNP ID LsSnp Link dbSNP Link Chain PDB position Amino acid changes Secondary structure Solvent Accessibility Chromosome Chromosome position Ligand
    rs80356670 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 1 G - > C Coil 73% (Exposed) 11 2181147
    rs121918102 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 3 V - > L Helix 11% (Intermediate) 11 2181141
    rs193929388 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 7 C - > Y Helix 26% (Intermediate) 11 2181128
    rs80356671 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 7 C - > S Helix 26% (Intermediate) 11 2181128
    rs121908276 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 12 S - > C Coil 16% (Intermediate) 11 2181113
    rs121908277 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 14 Y - > C Helix 63% (Exposed) 11 2181107
    rs80356672 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 19 Y - > C Turn 31% (Intermediate) 11 2181092