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DETERMINATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE 2 ANGSTROM STRUCTURE OF COPPER, ZINC SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE
Biology and Chemistry Report
2SOD
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords OXIDOREDUCTASE (SUPEROXIDE ACCEPTOR)
    Text OXIDOREDUCTASE (SUPEROXIDE ACCEPTOR)

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain B,G,O,Y
    Description COPPER,ZINC SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers yes 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 15599.5 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    CU  COPPER (II) ION  Cu   63.55  View 
    ZN  ZINC ION  Zn   65.41  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    B,G,O,Y SODC_BOVIN P00442     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc Catalytic Site(s)
    B G O Y  1.15.1.1        
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain B,G,O,Y
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    187   Activation of Mapk Activity  The Initiation of the Activity of the Inactive Enzyme Map Kinase (mapk). 
    209   Protein Polyubiquitination  Addition of Multiple Ubiquitin Groups to a Protein Forming a Ubiquitin Chain. 
    303   Response to Superoxide  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Superoxide Stimulus. Superoxide Is the Anion Oxygen Formed by Addition of One Electron to Dioxygen (o2) or Any Compound Containing the Superoxide Anion. 
    1541   Ovarian Follicle Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Ovarian Follicle Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. 
    1819   Positive Regulation of Cytokine Production  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Production of a Cytokine. 
    1895   Retina Homeostasis  A Tissue Homeostatic Process Involved in the Maintenance of an Internal Equilibrium Within the Retina of the Eye Including Control of Cellular Proliferation and Death and Control of Metabolic Function. 
    2262   Myeloid Cell Homeostasis  The Process of Regulating the Proliferation and Elimination of Myeloid Cells Such That the Total Number of Myeloid Cells Within a Whole or Part of an Organism Is Stable Over Time in the Absence of an Outside Stimulus. 
    6302   Double Strand Break Repair  The Repair of Double Strand Breaks in DNA Via Homologous and Nonhomologous Mechanisms to Reform a Continuous DNA Helix. 
    6309   Apoptotic DNA Fragmentation  The Cleavage of DNA During Apoptosis Which Usually Occurs in Two Stages: Cleavage Into Fragments of About 50 Kbp Followed by Cleavage Between Nucleosomes to Yield 200 Bp Fragments. 
    6749   Glutathione Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Glutathione the Tripeptide Glutamylcysteinylglycine Which Acts As a Coenzyme For Some Enzymes and As an Antioxidant in the Protection of Sulfhydryl Groups in Enzymes and Other Proteins; It Has a Specific Role in the Reduction of Hydrogen Peroxide (h2o2) and Oxidized Ascorbate and It Participates in the Gamma Glutamyl Cycle. 
    6801   Superoxide Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Superoxide the Superoxide Anion O2 (superoxide Free Radical) or Any Compound Containing This Species. 
    6879   Cellular Iron Ion Homeostasis  Any Process Involved in the Maintenance of an Internal Steady State of Iron Ions At the Level of a Cell. 
    7283   Spermatogenesis  The Process of Formation of Spermatozoa Including Spermatocytogenesis and Spermiogenesis. 
    7566   Embryo Implantation  Attachment of the Blastocyst to the Uterine Lining. 
    7569   Cell Aging  An Aging Process That Has As Participant a Cell After a Cell Has Stopped Dividing. Cell Aging May Occur When a Cell Has Temporarily Stopped Dividing Through Cell Cycle Arrest (go:0007050) or When a Cell Has Permanently Stopped Dividing in Which Case It Is Undergoing Cellular Senescence (go:0090398). May Precede Cell Death (go:0008219) and Succeed Cell Maturation (go:0048469). 
    7605   Sensory Perception of Sound  The Series of Events Required For an Organism to Receive an Auditory Stimulus Convert It to a Molecular Signal and Recognize and Characterize the Signal. Sonic Stimuli Are Detected in the Form of Vibrations and Are Processed to Form a Sound. 
    7626   Locomotory Behavior  The Specific Movement From Place to Place of an Organism in Response to External or Internal Stimuli. Locomotion of a Whole Organism in a Manner Dependent Upon Some Combination of That Organism's Internal State and External Conditions. 
    8217   Regulation of Blood Pressure  Any Process That Modulates the Force with Which Blood Travels Through the Circulatory System. the Process Is Controlled by a Balance of Processes That Increase Pressure and Decrease Pressure. 
    9408   Response to Heat  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Heat Stimulus a Temperature Stimulus Above the Optimal Temperature For That Organism. 
    10033   Response to Organic Substance  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Organic Substance Stimulus. 
    19226   Transmission of Nerve Impulse  The Neurological System Process in Which a Signal Is Transmitted Through the Nervous System by Synaptic Transmission and the Sequential Electrochemical Polarization and Depolarization That Travels Across the Membrane of a Nerve Cell (neuron) in Response to Stimulation. 
    19430   Removal of Superoxide Radicals  Any Process Involved in Removing Superoxide Radicals (o2 ) From a Cell or Organism E.g. by Conversion to Dioxygen (o2) and Hydrogen Peroxide (h2o2). 
    32287   Peripheral Nervous System Myelin Maintenance  The Process in Which the Structure and Material Content of Mature Peripheral Nervous System Myelin Is Kept in a Functional State. 
    40014   Regulation of Multicellular Organism Growth  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Growth of the Body of an Organism So That It Reaches Its Usual Body Size. 
    42493   Response to Drug  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Drug Stimulus. a Drug Is a Substance Used in the Diagnosis Treatment or Prevention of a Disease. 
    42542   Response to Hydrogen Peroxide  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Hydrogen Peroxide (h2o2) Stimulus. 
    43085   Positive Regulation of Catalytic Activity  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Activity of an Enzyme. 
    43161   Proteasome Mediated Ubiquitin Dependent Protein Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of a Protein or Peptide by Hydrolysis of Its Peptide Bonds Initiated by the Covalent Attachment of Ubiquitin and Mediated by the Proteasome. 
    43524   Negative Regulation of Neuron Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process in Neurons. 
    45471   Response to Ethanol  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Ethanol Stimulus. 
    45541   Negative Regulation of Cholesterol Biosynthetic Process  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Cholesterol. 
    45859   Regulation of Protein Kinase Activity  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Protein Kinase Activity. 
    46716   Muscle Cell Cellular Homeostasis  The Cellular Homeostatic Process That Preserves a Muscle Cell in a Stable Functional or Structural State. 
    48678   Response to Axon Injury  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Axon Injury Stimulus. 
    50665   Hydrogen Peroxide Biosynthetic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Hydrogen Peroxide (h2o2) a Potentially Harmful Byproduct of Aerobic Cellular Respiration Which Can Cause Damage to Dna. 
    51881   Regulation of Mitochondrial Membrane Potential  Any Process That Modulates the Establishment or Extent of the Mitochondrial Membrane Potential the Electric Potential Existing Across the Mitochondrial Membrane Arising From Charges in the Membrane Itself and From the Charges Present in the Media On Either Side of the Membrane. 
    55114   Oxidation Reduction Process  A Metabolic Process That Results in the Removal or Addition of One or More Electrons to or From a Substance with or Without the Concomitant Removal or Addition of a Proton or Protons. 
    60047   Heart Contraction  The Multicellular Organismal Process in Which the Heart Decreases in Volume in a Characteristic Way to Propel Blood Through the Body. 
    60052   Neurofilament Cytoskeleton Organization  A Process That Is Carried Out At the Cellular Level Which Results in the Assembly Arrangement of Constituent Parts or Disassembly of Cytoskeletal Structures Comprising Neurofilaments and Their Associated Proteins. 
    60087   Relaxation of Vascular Smooth Muscle  A Process in Which the Extent of Vascular Smooth Muscle Contraction Is Reduced. Vascular Smooth Muscle Relaxation Is Mediated Via a Decrease in the Phosphorylation State of Myosin Light Chain. This Can Be Achieved by Removal of Calcium From the Cytoplasm to the Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Lumen Through the Action of Ca2+ Atpases Leading to a Decrease Myosin Light Chain Kinase Activity and Through Calcium Independent Pathways Leading to a Increase in Myosin Light Chain Phosphatase Activity. 
    60088   Auditory Receptor Cell Stereocilium Organization  A Process That Is Carried Out At the Cellular Level Which Results in the Assembly Arrangement of Constituent Parts or Disassembly of a Stereocilium. a Stereocilium Is an Actin Based Protrusion From the Apical Surface of Auditory Hair Cells. 
    72593   Reactive Oxygen Species Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving a Reactive Oxygen Species Any Molecules or Ions Formed by the Incomplete One Electron Reduction of Oxygen. They Contribute to the Microbicidal Activity of Phagocytes Regulation of Signal Transduction and Gene Expression and the Oxidative Damage to Biopolymers. 
    5615   Extracellular Space  That Part of a Multicellular Organism Outside the Cells Proper Usually Taken to Be Outside the Plasma Membranes and Occupied by Fluid. 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5739   Mitochondrion  A Semiautonomous Self Replicating Organelle That Occurs in Varying Numbers Shapes and Sizes in the Cytoplasm of Virtually All Eukaryotic Cells. It Is Notably the Site of Tissue Respiration. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    31012   Extracellular Matrix  A Structure Lying External to One or More Cells Which Provides Structural Support For Cells or Tissues; May Be Completely External to the Cell (as in Animals and Bacteria) or Be Part of the Cell (as in Plants). 
    31410   Cytoplasmic Vesicle  A Vesicle Formed of Membrane or Protein Found in the Cytoplasm of a Cell. 
    32839   Dendrite Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Dendrite Excluding the Surrounding Plasma Membrane. 
    43025   Neuronal Cell Body  The Portion of a Neuron That Includes the Nucleus But Excludes Cell Projections Such As Axons and Dendrites. 
    43234   Protein Complex  Any Macromolecular Complex Composed (only) of Two or More Polypeptide Subunits Along with Any Covalently Attached Molecules (such As Lipid Anchors or Oligosaccharide) or Non Protein Prosthetic Groups (such As Nucleotides or Metal Ions). Prosthetic Group in This Context Refers to a Tightly Bound Cofactor. the Component Polypeptide Subunits May Be Identical. 
    4784   Superoxide Dismutase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: 2 Superoxide + 2 H+ = O2 + Hydrogen Peroxide. 
    4842   Ubiquitin Protein Transferase Activity  Catalysis of the Transfer of Ubiquitin From One Protein to Another Via the Reaction X Ub + Y > Y Ub + X Where Both X Ub and Y Ub Are Covalent Linkages. 
    5507   Copper Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Copper (cu) Ions. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    8270   Zinc Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Zinc (zn) Ions. 
    16209   Antioxidant Activity  Inhibition of the Reactions Brought About by Dioxygen (o2) or Peroxides. Usually the Antioxidant Is Effective Because It Can Itself Be More Easily Oxidized Than the Substance Protected. the Term Is Often Applied to Components That Can Trap Free Radicals Thereby Breaking the Chain Reaction That Normally Leads to Extensive Biological Damage. 
    16491   Oxidoreductase Activity  Catalysis of an Oxidation Reduction (redox) Reaction a Reversible Chemical Reaction in Which the Oxidation State of an Atom or Atoms Within a Molecule Is Altered. One Substrate Acts As a Hydrogen or Electron Donor and Becomes Oxidized While the Other Acts As Hydrogen or Electron Acceptor and Becomes Reduced. 
    30346   Protein Phosphatase 2b Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with the Enzyme Protein Phosphatase 2b. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 
    51087   Chaperone Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Chaperone Protein a Class of Proteins That Bind to Nascent or Unfolded Polypeptides and Ensure Correct Folding or Transport. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain B,G,O,Y
    Common Name Cattle
    Scientific Name Bos taurus  
    Genus Bos


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    1 1q12-q14 281495     superoxide dismutase 1, soluble SOD1