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An Information Portal to 105212 Biological Macromolecular Structures

Carbonic anhydrase activators. Activation of isoforms I, II, IV, VA, VII and XIV with L- and D- phenylalanine, structure with D-Phenylalanine.
Biology and Chemistry Report
2FMZ
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords LYASE
    Text carbonic anhydrase, activators, LYASE

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description Carbonic anhydrase 2 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 29289.3 
    Source Method natural source  
    Entity Name Carbonic anhydrase II, Carbonate dehydratase II, CA-II, Carbonic anhydrase C 

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    DPN  D-PHENYLALANINE  C9 H11 N O2   165.19  View 
    HG  MERCURY (II) ION  Hg   200.59  View 
    ZN  ZINC ION  Zn   65.41  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A CAH2_HUMAN B2R7G8     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc Catalytic Site(s)
    4.2.1.1        
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1822   Kidney Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Kidney Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Kidney Is an Organ That Filters the Blood And/or Excretes the End Products of Body Metabolism in the Form of Urine. 
    2009   Morphogenesis of an Epithelium  The Process in Which the Anatomical Structures of Epithelia Are Generated and Organized. an Epithelium Consists of Closely Packed Cells Arranged in One or More Layers That Covers the Outer Surfaces of the Body or Lines Any Internal Cavity or Tube. 
    6730   One Carbon Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving the Transfer of One Carbon Units in Various Oxidation States. 
    9268   Response to Ph  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Ph Stimulus. Ph Is a Measure of the Acidity or Basicity of an Aqueous Solution. 
    10033   Response to Organic Substance  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Organic Substance Stimulus. 
    10043   Response to Zinc Ion  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Zinc Ion Stimulus. 
    15701   Bicarbonate Transport  The Directed Movement of Bicarbonate Into Out of or Within a Cell or Between Cells by Means of Some Agent Such As a Transporter or Pore. 
    32230   Positive Regulation of Synaptic Transmission Gabaergic  Any Process That Activates Maintains or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Gabaergic Synaptic Transmission the Process of Communication From a Neuron to Another Neuron Across a Synapse Using the Neurotransmitter Gamma Aminobutyric Acid (gaba). 
    32849   Positive Regulation of Cellular Ph Reduction  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of a Process That Reduces the Internal Ph of a Cell. 
    38166   Angiotensin Activated Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of Angiotensin Ii Binding to an Angiotensin Receptor On the Surface of the Cell and Proceeding with the Activated Receptor Transmitting the Signal to a Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex to Initiate a Change in Cell Activity. Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    42475   Odontogenesis of Dentin Containing Tooth  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of a Dentin Containing Tooth Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. a Dentin Containing Tooth Is a Hard Bony Organ Borne On the Jaw or Other Bone of a Vertebrate and Is Composed Mainly of Dentin a Dense Calcified Substance Covered by a Layer of Enamel. 
    43627   Response to Estrogen  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of Stimulus by an Estrogen C18 Steroid Hormones That Can Stimulate the Development of Female Sexual Characteristics. 
    44070   Regulation of Anion Transport  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Directed Movement of Anions Atoms or Small Molecules with a Net Negative Charge Into Out of or Within a Cell or Between Cells by Means of Some Agent Such As a Transporter or Pore. 
    44281   Small Molecule Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Small Molecules Any Low Molecular Weight Monomeric Non Encoded Molecule. 
    45672   Positive Regulation of Osteoclast Differentiation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Osteoclast Differentiation. 
    45780   Positive Regulation of Bone Resorption  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Bone Resorption. 
    46903   Secretion  The Controlled Release of a Substance by a Cell or a Tissue. 
    48545   Response to Steroid Hormone  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Steroid Hormone Stimulus. 
    51453   Regulation of Intracellular Ph  Any Process That Modulates the Internal Ph of a Cell Measured by the Concentration of the Hydrogen Ion. 
    71498   Cellular Response to Fluid Shear Stress  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Fluid Shear Stress Stimulus. Fluid Shear Stress Is the Force Acting On an Object in a System Where the Fluid Is Moving Across a Solid Surface. 
    2001150   Positive Regulation of Dipeptide Transmembrane Transport  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Dipeptide Transmembrane Transport. 
    2001225   Regulation of Chloride Transport  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Chloride Transport. 
    5615   Extracellular Space  That Part of a Multicellular Organism Outside the Cells Proper Usually Taken to Be Outside the Plasma Membranes and Occupied by Fluid. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    5902   Microvillus  Thin Cylindrical Membrane Covered Projections On the Surface of an Animal Cell Containing a Core Bundle of Actin Filaments. Present in Especially Large Numbers On the Absorptive Surface of Intestinal Cells. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    16323   Basolateral Plasma Membrane  The Region of the Plasma Membrane That Includes the Basal End and Sides of the Cell. Often Used in Reference to Animal Polarized Epithelial Membranes Where the Basal Membrane Is the Part Attached to the Extracellular Matrix or in Plant Cells Where the Basal Membrane Is Defined with Respect to the Zygotic Axis. 
    30424   Axon  The Long Process of a Neuron That Conducts Nerve Impulses Usually Away From the Cell Body to the Terminals and Varicosities Which Are Sites of Storage and Release of Neurotransmitter. 
    43209   Myelin Sheath  An Electrically Insulating Fatty Layer That Surrounds the Axons of Many Neurons. It Is an Outgrowth of Glial Cells: Schwann Cells Supply the Myelin For Peripheral Neurons While Oligodendrocytes Supply It to Those of the Central Nervous System. 
    45177   Apical Part of Cell  The Region of a Polarized Cell That Forms a Tip or Is Distal to a Base. For Example in a Polarized Epithelial Cell the Apical Region Has an Exposed Surface and Lies Opposite to the Basal Lamina That Separates the Epithelium From Other Tissue. 
    70062   Extracellular Vesicular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. 
    4089   Carbonate Dehydratase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: H2co3 = Co2 + H2o. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    8270   Zinc Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Zinc (zn) Ions. 
    16829   Lyase Activity  Catalysis of the Cleavage of C C C O C N and Other Bonds by Other Means Than by Hydrolysis or Oxidation or Conversely Adding a Group to a Double Bond. They Differ From Other Enzymes in That Two Substrates Are Involved in One Reaction Direction But Only One in the Other Direction. When Acting On the Single Substrate a Molecule Is Eliminated and This Generates Either a New Double Bond or a New Ring. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Natural Source

    Chain A
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Genus Homo

    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    8 8q22 760     carbonic anhydrase II CA2    

    Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (from LS-SNP database)

    SNP ID LsSnp Link dbSNP Link Chain PDB position Amino acid changes Secondary structure Solvent Accessibility Chromosome Chromosome position Ligand
    rs118203931 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 18 K - > E Helix 63% (Exposed) 8 86377518
    rs201063453 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 34 D - > E Coil 39% (Exposed) 8 86377568
    rs112536089 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 55 T - > S Coil 32% (Intermediate) 8 86377629
    rs201300516 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 67 N - > K Beta Ladder 4% (Buried) 8 86377667
    rs118203933 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 107 H - > Y Bend 0% (Buried) 8 86386008
    rs200678332 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 142 V - > G Beta Ladder 0% (Buried) 8 86386626
    rs186437298 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 149 V - > I Beta Ladder 41% (Exposed) 8 86388027
    rs145667849 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 158 K - > E Helix 34% (Intermediate) 8 86388054
    rs143627836 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 219 S - > G Coil 8% (Buried) 8 86389496
    rs201928238 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 226 R - > H Helix 2% (Buried) 8 86392912
    rs118203932 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 236 P - > H Bend 55% (Exposed) 8 86392942
    rs143666045 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 237 E - > K Coil 82% (Exposed) 8 86392944
    rs201044885 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 241 V - > G Coil 0% (Buried) 8 86392957
    rs2228063 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 252 N - > D Coil 41% (Exposed) 8 86392989