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Crystal Structure of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase 2 in Complex with Galpha-q and Gbetagamma Subunits
Biology and Chemistry Report
2BCJ
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords TRANSFERASE/HYDROLASE
    Text Peripheral membrane complex, protein kinase, RGS domain, WD40 protein, heterotrimeric G protein, TRANSFERASE-HYDROLASE COMPLEX

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description G-protein coupled receptor kinase 2 
    Fragment residues 28-689 
    Mutation S670A 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 79750.7 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name Beta-ARK-1, Beta-adrenergic receptor kinase 1 
    Chain B
    Description Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(T) beta subunit 1 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers yes 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 37312.0 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name Transducin beta chain 1 
    Chain G
    Description Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) gamma-2 subunit 
    Mutation C68S 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 7845.1 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name G gamma-I 
    Chain Q
    Description G alpha I1, Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(q), alpha subunit 
    Fragment Chimeric protein comprising of N-terminal helix from rat Galpha-i1, residues 1-28 and residues 31-353 from mouse Galphaq 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 41299.3 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    ALF  TETRAFLUOROALUMINATE ION  Al F4   102.98  View 
    GDP  GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE  C10 H15 N5 O11 P2   443.20  View 
    MG  MAGNESIUM ION  Mg   24.31  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A ARBK1_BOVIN P21146     
    B GBB1_BOVIN P04697     
    G GBG2_BOVIN P16874     
    Q GNAQ_MOUSE P21279     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc Catalytic Site(s)
    2.7.11.15        
    3.6.5.1        
    3.6.5.1        
    3.6.5.1        
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    2026   Regulation of the Force of Heart Contraction  Any Process That Modulates the Extent of Heart Contraction Changing the Force with Which Blood Is Propelled. 
    2029   Desensitization of G Protein Coupled Receptor Protein Signaling Pathway  The Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of G Protein Coupled Receptor Protein Signaling Pathway Activity After Prolonged Stimulation with an Agonist of the Pathway. 
    2031   G Protein Coupled Receptor Internalization  The Process That Results in the Uptake of a G Protein Coupled Receptor Into an Endocytic Vesicle. 
    3108   Negative Regulation of the Force of Heart Contraction by Chemical Signal  Any Process Which Decreases the Force of Heart Muscle Contraction Mediated by Chemical Signaling Hormonal Autocrine or Paracrine. 
    6468   Protein Phosphorylation  The Process of Introducing a Phosphate Group On to a Protein. 
    6886   Intracellular Protein Transport  The Directed Movement of Proteins in a Cell Including the Movement of Proteins Between Specific Compartments or Structures Within a Cell Such As Organelles of a Eukaryotic Cell. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7213   G Protein Coupled Acetylcholine Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by an Acetylcholine Receptor On the Surface of the Target Cell Binding to One of Its Physiological Ligands and Proceeding with the Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7217   Tachykinin Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a Tachykinin I.e. a Short Peptide with the Terminal Sequence (phe X Gly Leu Met Nh2) Binding to a Cell Surface Receptor. 
    7507   Heart Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Heart Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Heart Is a Hollow Muscular Organ Which by Contracting Rhythmically Keeps Up the Circulation of the Blood. 
    9966   Regulation of Signal Transduction  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Signal Transduction. 
    16310   Phosphorylation  The Process of Introducing a Phosphate Group Into a Molecule Usually with the Formation of a Phosphoric Ester a Phosphoric Anhydride or a Phosphoric Amide. 
    18105   Peptidyl Serine Phosphorylation  The Phosphorylation of Peptidyl Serine to Form Peptidyl O Phospho L Serine. 
    18107   Peptidyl Threonine Phosphorylation  The Phosphorylation of Peptidyl Threonine to Form Peptidyl O Phospho L Threonine. 
    31623   Receptor Internalization  A Receptor Mediated Endocytosis Process That Results in the Movement of Receptors From the Plasma Membrane to the Inside of the Cell. the Process Begins When Cell Surface Receptors Are Monoubiquitinated Following Ligand Induced Activation. Receptors Are Subsequently Taken Up Into Endocytic Vesicles From Where They Are Either Targeted to the Lysosome or Vacuole For Degradation or Recycled Back to the Plasma Membrane. 
    38032   Termination of G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Signaling Process in Which G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Is Brought to an End. For Example Through the Action of Gtpase Activating Proteins (gaps) That Act to Accelerate Hydrolysis of GTP to GDP On G Alpha Proteins Thereby Terminating the Transduced Signal. 
    45988   Negative Regulation of Striated Muscle Contraction  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Striated Muscle Contraction. 
    60048   Cardiac Muscle Contraction  Muscle Contraction of Cardiac Muscle Tissue. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    166   Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Nucleotide Any Compound Consisting of a Nucleoside That Is Esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an Oligophosphate At Any Hydroxyl Group On the Ribose or Deoxyribose. 
    4672   Protein Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Phosphorylation of an Amino Acid Residue in a Protein Usually According to the Reaction: a Protein + ATP = a Phosphoprotein + Adp. 
    4674   Protein Serine/threonine Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Reactions: ATP + Protein Serine = Adp + Protein Serine Phosphate and ATP + Protein Threonine = Adp + Protein Threonine Phosphate. 
    4703   G Protein Coupled Receptor Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: ATP + G Protein Coupled Receptor = Adp + G Protein Coupled Receptor Phosphate. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    5524   ATP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with ATP Adenosine 5' Triphosphate a Universally Important Coenzyme and Enzyme Regulator. 
    16301   Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Transfer of a Phosphate Group Usually From ATP to a Substrate Molecule. 
    16740   Transferase Activity  Catalysis of the Transfer of a Group E.g. a Methyl Group Glycosyl Group Acyl Group Phosphorus Containing or Other Groups From One Compound (generally Regarded As the Donor) to Another Compound (generally Regarded As the Acceptor). Transferase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 2. 
    16772   Transferase Activity Transferring Phosphorus Containing Groups  Catalysis of the Transfer of a Phosphorus Containing Group From One Compound (donor) to Another (acceptor). 
    31694   Alpha 2a Adrenergic Receptor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with an Alpha 2a Adrenergic Receptor. 
    31755   Edg 2 Lysophosphatidic Acid Receptor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with an Edg 2 Lysophosphatidic Acid Receptor. 
    47696   Beta Adrenergic Receptor Kinase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: ATP + Beta Adrenergic Receptor = Adp + Phospho Beta Adrenergic Receptor. 
    Chain B
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    6184   GTP Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7191   Adenylate Cyclase Activating Dopamine Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a Dopamine Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Adenylyl Cyclase and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    7200   Phospholipase C Activating G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Phospholipase C (plc) and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Inositol Trisphosphate (ip3) and Diacylglycerol (dag). 
    8283   Cell Proliferation  The Multiplication or Reproduction of Cells Resulting in the Expansion of a Cell Population. 
    50909   Sensory Perception of Taste  The Series of Events Required For an Organism to Receive a Gustatory Stimulus Convert It to a Molecular Signal and Recognize and Characterize the Signal. Gustation Involves the Direct Detection of Chemical Composition Usually Through Contact with Chemoreceptor Cells. This Is a Neurological Process. 
    60041   Retina Development in Camera Type Eye  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Retina Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Retina Is the Innermost Layer or Coating At the Back of the Eyeball Which Is Sensitive to Light and in Which the Optic Nerve Terminates. 
    71380   Cellular Response to Prostaglandin E Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Prostagladin E Stimulus. 
    71870   Cellular Response to Catecholamine Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Catecholamine Stimulus. a Catecholamine Is Any of a Group of Biogenic Amines That Includes 4 (2 Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol [4 (2 Aminoethyl)benzene 1 2 Diol] and Derivatives Formed by Substitution. 
    1750   Photoreceptor Outer Segment  The Outer Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor That Contains Discs of Photoreceptive Membranes. 
    5622   Intracellular  The Living Contents of a Cell; the Matter Contained Within (but Not Including) the Plasma Membrane Usually Taken to Exclude Large Vacuoles and Masses of Secretory or Ingested Material. in Eukaryotes It Includes the Nucleus and Cytoplasm. 
    5765   Lysosomal Membrane  The Lipid Bilayer Surrounding the Lysosome and Separating Its Contents From the Cell Cytoplasm. 
    5834   Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex  Any of a Family of Heterotrimeric GTP Binding and Hydrolyzing Proteins; They Belong to a Superfamily of Gtpases That Includes Monomeric Proteins Such As Ef Tu and Ras. Heterotrimeric G Proteins Consist of Three Subunits; the Alpha Subunit Contains the Guanine Nucleotide Binding Site and Possesses Gtpase Activity; the Beta and Gamma Subunits Are Tightly Associated and Function As a Beta Gamma Heterodimer; Extrinsic Plasma Membrane Proteins (cytoplasmic Face) That Function As a Complex to Transduce Signals From G Protein Coupled Receptors to an Effector Protein. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    70062   Extracellular Vesicular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. 
    97381   Photoreceptor Disc Membrane  Ovally Shaped Membranous Stack Located Inside the Photoreceptor Outer Segment and Containing Densely Packed Molecules of the Photoreceptor Protein Rhodopsin That Traverse the Lipid Bilayer. Disc Membranes Are Apparently Derived From the Plasma Membrane in the Region of the Cilium That Connects the Photoreceptor Outer Segment to the Inner Segment. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    32403   Protein Complex Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    51020   Gtpase Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Gtpase Any Enzyme That Catalyzes the Hydrolysis of Gtp. 
    Chain G
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    6184   GTP Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7191   Adenylate Cyclase Activating Dopamine Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a Dopamine Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Adenylyl Cyclase and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    8283   Cell Proliferation  The Multiplication or Reproduction of Cells Resulting in the Expansion of a Cell Population. 
    71380   Cellular Response to Prostaglandin E Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Prostagladin E Stimulus. 
    71870   Cellular Response to Catecholamine Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Catecholamine Stimulus. a Catecholamine Is Any of a Group of Biogenic Amines That Includes 4 (2 Aminoethyl)pyrocatechol [4 (2 Aminoethyl)benzene 1 2 Diol] and Derivatives Formed by Substitution. 
    5834   Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex  Any of a Family of Heterotrimeric GTP Binding and Hydrolyzing Proteins; They Belong to a Superfamily of Gtpases That Includes Monomeric Proteins Such As Ef Tu and Ras. Heterotrimeric G Proteins Consist of Three Subunits; the Alpha Subunit Contains the Guanine Nucleotide Binding Site and Possesses Gtpase Activity; the Beta and Gamma Subunits Are Tightly Associated and Function As a Beta Gamma Heterodimer; Extrinsic Plasma Membrane Proteins (cytoplasmic Face) That Function As a Complex to Transduce Signals From G Protein Coupled Receptors to an Effector Protein. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    70062   Extracellular Vesicular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    31681   G Protein Beta Subunit Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a G Protein Beta Subunit. 
    Chain Q
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1501   Skeletal System Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Skeleton Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Skeleton Is the Bony Framework of the Body in Vertebrates (endoskeleton) or the Hard Outer Envelope of Insects (exoskeleton or Dermoskeleton). 
    1508   Action Potential  A Process in Which Membrane Potential Cycles Through a Depolarizing Spike Triggered in Response to Depolarization Above Some Threshold Followed by Repolarization. This Cycle Is Driven by the Flow of Ions Through Various Voltage Gated Channels with Different Thresholds and Ion Specificities. 
    6184   GTP Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    6469   Negative Regulation of Protein Kinase Activity  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Protein Kinase Activity. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7189   Adenylate Cyclase Activating G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds Through Activation of Adenylyl Cyclase Activity and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    7215   Glutamate Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of Glutamate to a Glutamate Receptor On the Surface of a Target Cell and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7507   Heart Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Heart Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Heart Is a Hollow Muscular Organ Which by Contracting Rhythmically Keeps Up the Circulation of the Blood. 
    9791   Post Embryonic Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Organism Over Time From the Completion of Embryonic Development to the Mature Structure. See Embryonic Development. 
    16322   Neuron Remodeling  The Developmentally Regulated Remodeling of Neuronal Projections Such As Pruning to Eliminate the Extra Dendrites and Axons Projections Set Up in Early Stages of Nervous System Development. 
    21884   Forebrain Neuron Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of a Neuron That Resides in the Forebrain From Its Initial Commitment to Its Fate to the Fully Functional Differentiated Cell. 
    35412   Regulation of Catenin Import Into Nucleus  Any Process That Modulates the Rate Frequency or Extent of the Directed Movement of a Catenin Protein From the Cytoplasm Into the Nucleus. 
    42711   Maternal Behavior  Female Behaviors Associated with the Care and Rearing of Offspring. 
    42733   Embryonic Digit Morphogenesis  The Process Occurring in the Embryo by Which the Anatomical Structures of the Digit Are Generated and Organized. a Digit Is One of the Terminal Divisions of an Appendage Such As a Finger or Toe. 
    43547   Positive Regulation of Gtpase Activity  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Activity of a Gtpase. 
    45634   Regulation of Melanocyte Differentiation  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Melanocyte Differentiation. 
    48066   Developmental Pigmentation  The Developmental Process That Results in the Deposition of Coloring Matter in an Organism Tissue or Cell. 
    50821   Protein Stabilization  Any Process Involved in Maintaining the Structure and Integrity of a Protein and Preventing It From Degradation or Aggregation. 
    60158   Phospholipase C Activating Dopamine Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a Dopamine Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Phospholipase C (plc) and a Subsequent Release of Inositol Trisphosphate (ip3) and Diacylglycerol (dag). 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5765   Lysosomal Membrane  The Lipid Bilayer Surrounding the Lysosome and Separating Its Contents From the Cell Cytoplasm. 
    5834   Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex  Any of a Family of Heterotrimeric GTP Binding and Hydrolyzing Proteins; They Belong to a Superfamily of Gtpases That Includes Monomeric Proteins Such As Ef Tu and Ras. Heterotrimeric G Proteins Consist of Three Subunits; the Alpha Subunit Contains the Guanine Nucleotide Binding Site and Possesses Gtpase Activity; the Beta and Gamma Subunits Are Tightly Associated and Function As a Beta Gamma Heterodimer; Extrinsic Plasma Membrane Proteins (cytoplasmic Face) That Function As a Complex to Transduce Signals From G Protein Coupled Receptors to an Effector Protein. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    31965   Nuclear Membrane  Either of the Lipid Bilayers That Surround the Nucleus and Form the Nuclear Envelope; Excludes the Intermembrane Space. 
    70062   Extracellular Vesicular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. 
    166   Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Nucleotide Any Compound Consisting of a Nucleoside That Is Esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an Oligophosphate At Any Hydroxyl Group On the Ribose or Deoxyribose. 
    1664   G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a G Protein Coupled Receptor. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    5096   Gtpase Activator Activity  Increases the Activity of a Gtpase an Enzyme That Catalyzes the Hydrolysis of Gtp. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    5525   GTP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    19001   Guanyl Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Guanyl Nucleotides Any Compound Consisting of Guanosine Esterified with (ortho)phosphate. 
    31683   G Protein Beta/gamma Subunit Complex Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Complex of G Protein Beta/gamma Subunits. 
    31826   Type 2a Serotonin Receptor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Type 2a Serotonin Receptor. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain Q
    Common Name Norway Rat House Mouse
    Scientific Name Rattus norvegicus, mus musculus  
    Genus Rattus Mus
    Species
    Strain ,
    Gene gnaq
    Host Common Name Cabbage Looper
    Host Scientific Name Trichoplusia ni  
    Host Genus Trichoplusia
    Host Cell Line High 5 Cells
    Host Vector Type Baculovirus
    Host Plasmid Name pFastBacHTA


    Chain G
    Common Name Cattle
    Scientific Name Bos taurus  
    Genus Bos
    Gene gng2
    Host Common Name Cabbage Looper
    Host Scientific Name Trichoplusia ni  
    Host Genus Trichoplusia
    Host Cell Line High 5 Cells
    Host Vector Type Baculovirus
    Host Plasmid Name pVL1392


    Chain B
    Common Name Cattle
    Scientific Name Bos taurus  
    Genus Bos
    Gene gnb1
    Host Common Name Cabbage Looper
    Host Scientific Name Trichoplusia ni  
    Host Genus Trichoplusia
    Host Cell Line High 5 Cells
    Host Vector Type Baculovirus
    Host Plasmid Name pVL1393


    Chain A
    Common Name Cattle
    Scientific Name Bos taurus  
    Genus Bos
    Gene adrbk1, grk2
    Host Common Name Cabbage Looper
    Host Scientific Name Trichoplusia ni  
    Host Genus Trichoplusia
    Host Cell Line High 5 Cells
    Host Vector Type Baculovirus
    Host Plasmid Name pVL1392


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    10 - 281203     guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), gamma 2 GNG2    
    16 - 281201     guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta polypeptide 1 GNB1    
    19 19 A|19 11.01 cM 14682     guanine nucleotide binding protein, alpha q polypeptide GNAQ    
    29 - 282682     adrenergic, beta, receptor kinase 1 ADRBK1