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An Information Portal to 110790 Biological Macromolecular Structures

HUMAN PRION PROTEIN
Biology and Chemistry Report
1QLX
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords PRION PROTEIN
    Text PRION PROTEIN, PRION, BRAIN, GLYCOPROTEIN, GPI-ANCHOR, DISEASE MUTATION

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description PRION PROTEIN 
    Fragment RESIDUES 23-230 
    Mutation YES 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 22922.4 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name PRP, MAJOR PRION PROTEIN, PRP27-30, PRP33-35C, (ASCR).PRP 

     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A PRIO_HUMAN P04156     

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1933   Negative Regulation of Protein Phosphorylation  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Rate of Addition of Phosphate Groups to Amino Acids Within a Protein. 
    6878   Cellular Copper Ion Homeostasis  Any Process Involved in the Maintenance of an Internal Steady State of Copper Ions At the Level of a Cell. 
    6979   Response to Oxidative Stress  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of Oxidative Stress a State Often Resulting From Exposure to High Levels of Reactive Oxygen Species E.g. Superoxide Anions Hydrogen Peroxide (h2o2) and Hydroxyl Radicals. 
    7049   Cell Cycle  The Progression of Biochemical and Morphological Phases and Events That Occur in a Cell During Successive Cell Replication or Nuclear Replication Events. Canonically the Cell Cycle Comprises the Replication and Segregation of Genetic Material Followed by the Division of the Cell But in Endocycles or Syncytial Cells Nuclear Replication or Nuclear Division May Not Be Followed by Cell Division. 
    7050   Cell Cycle Arrest  A Regulatory Process That Halts Progression Through the Cell Cycle During One of the Normal Phases (g1 S G2 M). 
    7411   Axon Guidance  The Chemotaxis Process That Directs the Migration of an Axon Growth Cone to a Specific Target Site in Response to a Combination of Attractive and Repulsive Cues. 
    7611   Learning or Memory  The Acquisition and Processing of Information And/or the Storage and Retrieval of This Information Over Time. 
    8152   Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Including Anabolism and Catabolism by Which Living Organisms Transform Chemical Substances. Metabolic Processes Typically Transform Small Molecules But Also Include Macromolecular Processes Such As DNA Repair and Replication and Protein Synthesis and Degradation. 
    32689   Negative Regulation of Interferon Gamma Production  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Interferon Gamma Production. Interferon Gamma Is Also Known As Type Ii Interferon. 
    32700   Negative Regulation of Interleukin 17 Production  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Production of Any Member of the Interleukin 17 Family of Cytokines. 
    32703   Negative Regulation of Interleukin 2 Production  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Interleukin 2 Production. 
    32880   Regulation of Protein Localization  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Any Process in Which a Protein Is Transported to or Maintained in a Specific Location. 
    35690   Cellular Response to Drug  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Drug Stimulus. a Drug Is a Substance Used in the Diagnosis Treatment or Prevention of a Disease. 
    43066   Negative Regulation of Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process. 
    43433   Negative Regulation of Sequence Specific DNA Binding Transcription Factor Activity  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Activity of a Transcription Factor Any Factor Involved in the Initiation or Regulation of Transcription. 
    46007   Negative Regulation of Activated T Cell Proliferation  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Rate or Extent of Activated T Cell Proliferation. 
    46686   Response to Cadmium Ion  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Cadmium (cd) Ion Stimulus. 
    46688   Response to Copper Ion  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Copper Ion Stimulus. 
    50860   Negative Regulation of T Cell Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Signaling Pathways Initiated by the Cross Linking of an Antigen Receptor On a T Cell. 
    51260   Protein Homooligomerization  The Process of Creating Protein Oligomers Compounds Composed of a Small Number Usually Between Three and Ten of Identical Component Monomers. Oligomers May Be Formed by the Polymerization of a Number of Monomers or the Depolymerization of a Large Protein Polymer. 
    70885   Negative Regulation of Calcineurin Nfat Signaling Cascade  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Calcineurin Nfat Signaling Cascade. 
    71280   Cellular Response to Copper Ion  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Copper Ion Stimulus. 
    1901379   Regulation of Potassium Ion Transmembrane Transport  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Potassium Ion Transmembrane Transport. 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5783   Endoplasmic Reticulum  The Irregular Network of Unit Membranes Visible Only by Electron Microscopy That Occurs in the Cytoplasm of Many Eukaryotic Cells. the Membranes Form a Complex Meshwork of Tubular Channels Which Are Often Expanded Into Slitlike Cavities Called Cisternae. the Er Takes Two Forms Rough (or Granular) with Ribosomes Adhering to the Outer Surface and Smooth (with No Ribosomes Attached). 
    5794   Golgi Apparatus  A Compound Membranous Cytoplasmic Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells Consisting of Flattened Ribosome Free Vesicles Arranged in a More or Less Regular Stack. the Golgi Apparatus Differs From the Endoplasmic Reticulum in Often Having Slightly Thicker Membranes Appearing in Sections As a Characteristic Shallow Semicircle So That the Convex Side (cis or Entry Face) Abuts the Endoplasmic Reticulum Secretory Vesicles Emerging From the Concave Side (trans or Exit Face). in Vertebrate Cells There Is Usually One Such Organelle While in Invertebrates and Plants Where They Are Known Usually As Dictyosomes There May Be Several Scattered in the Cytoplasm. the Golgi Apparatus Processes Proteins Produced On the Ribosomes of the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum; Such Processing Includes Modification of the Core Oligosaccharides of Glycoproteins and the Sorting and Packaging of Proteins For Transport to a Variety of Cellular Locations. Three Different Regions of the Golgi Are Now Recognized Both in Terms of Structure and Function: Cis in the Vicinity of the Cis Face Trans in the Vicinity of the Trans Face and Medial Lying Between the Cis and Trans Regions. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    9986   Cell Surface  The External Part of the Cell Wall And/or Plasma Membrane. 
    16020   Membrane  A Lipid Bilayer Along with All the Proteins and Protein Complexes Embedded in It an Attached to It. 
    19898   Extrinsic Component of Membrane  The Component of a Membrane Consisting of Gene Products and Protein Complexes That Are Loosely Bound to One of Its Surfaces But Not Integrated Into the Hydrophobic Region. 
    31225   Anchored Component of Membrane  The Component of a Membrane Consisting of the Gene Products That Are Tethered to the Membrane Only by a Covalently Attached Anchor Such As a Lipid Group That Is Embedded in the Membrane. Gene Products with Peptide Sequences That Are Embedded in the Membrane Are Excluded From This Grouping. 
    45121   Membrane Raft  Any of the Small (10 200 Nm) Heterogeneous Highly Dynamic Sterol and Sphingolipid Enriched Membrane Domains That Compartmentalize Cellular Processes. Small Rafts Can Sometimes Be Stabilized to Form Larger Platforms Through Protein Protein and Protein Lipid Interactions. 
    70062   Extracellular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm. 
    5507   Copper Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Copper (cu) Ions. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    8017   Microtubule Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Microtubules Filaments Composed of Tubulin Monomers. 
    15631   Tubulin Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Monomeric or Multimeric Forms of Tubulin Including Microtubules. 
    42802   Identical Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with an Identical Protein or Proteins. 
    43008   ATP Dependent Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules) Using Energy From the Hydrolysis of Atp. 
    44325   Ion Channel Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with One or More Specific Sites On an Ion Channel a Protein Complex That Spans a Membrane and Forms a Water Filled Channel Across the Phospholipid Bilayer Allowing Selective Ion Transport Down Its Electrochemical Gradient. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 
    51087   Chaperone Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Chaperone Protein a Class of Proteins That Bind to Nascent or Unfolded Polypeptides and Ensure Correct Folding or Transport. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Subcellular Location Extracellular
    Organ Brain
    Gene prnp
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli  
    Host Subcellular Location Cytoplasm
    Host Strain Bl21(de3)
    Host Plasmid Name PRSET A


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    20 20p13 5621     prion protein PRNP    

    Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (from LS-SNP database)

    SNP ID LsSnp Link dbSNP Link Chain PDB position Amino acid changes Secondary structure Solvent Accessibility Chromosome Chromosome position Ligand
    rs1799990 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 129 M - > V Beta Ladder 57% (Exposed) 20 4680251
    rs74315410 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 131 G - > V Coil 6% (Buried) 20 4680258
    rs74315415 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 133 A - > V Coil 47% (Exposed) 20 4680264
    rs145555096 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 136 R - > K Coil 37% (Exposed) 20 4680273
    rs11538768 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 140 H - > LR Coil 68% (Exposed) 20 4680285
    rs150351644 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 142 G - > S Bend 83% (Exposed) 20 4680290
    rs181348299 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 148 R - > H Helix 63% (Exposed) 20 4680309
    rs144302267 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 154 M - > I Turn 18% (Intermediate) 20 4680328
    rs151053374 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 159 N - > S Bend 39% (Exposed) 20 4680342
    rs16990018 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 171 N - > S Coil 52% (Exposed) 20 4680378
    rs74315403 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 178 D - > N Helix 26% (Intermediate) 20 4680398
    rs11538766 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 178 D - > V Helix 26% (Intermediate) 20 4680399
    rs11538767 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 180 V - > A Helix 6% (Buried) 20 4680405
    rs74315408 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 180 V - > I Helix 6% (Buried) 20 4680404
    rs74315411 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 183 T - > A Helix 2% (Buried) 20 4680413
    rs74315413 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 187 H - > R Helix 14% (Intermediate) 20 4680426
    rs55871421 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 198 F - > V Coil 9% (Buried) 20 4680458
    rs74315405 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 198 F - > S Coil 9% (Buried) 20 4680459
    rs28933385 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 200 E - > K Helix 64% (Exposed) 20 4680464
    rs74315412 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 208 R - > H Helix 47% (Exposed) 20 4680489
    rs55826236 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 208 R - > C Helix 47% (Exposed) 20 4680488
    rs74315407 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 210 V - > I Helix 0% (Buried) 20 4680494
    rs74315406 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 217 Q - > R Helix 4% (Buried) 20 4680516
    rs1800014 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 219 E - > K Helix 49% (Exposed) 20 4680521
    rs17852079 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 227 Q - > K Helix 93% (Exposed) 20 4680545