The Whole of the Physical Chemical and Biochemical Processes Carried Out by Multicellular Organisms to Break Down Ingested Nutrients Into Components That May Be Easily Absorbed and Directed Into Metabolism.
The Part of a Cell or Its Extracellular Environment in Which a Gene Product Is Located. a Gene Product May Be Located in One or More Parts of a Cell and Its Location May Be As Specific As a Particular Macromolecular Complex That Is a Stable Persistent Association of Macromolecules That Function Together.
The Space External to the Outermost Structure of a Cell. For Cells Without External Protective or External Encapsulating Structures This Refers to Space Outside of the Plasma Membrane. This Term Covers the Host Cell Environment Outside an Intracellular Parasite.
Catalysis of a Biochemical Reaction At Physiological Temperatures. in Biologically Catalyzed Reactions the Reactants Are Known As Substrates and the Catalysts Are Naturally Occurring Macromolecular Substances Known As Enzymes. Enzymes Possess Specific Binding Sites For Substrates and Are Usually Composed Wholly or Largely of Protein But RNA That Has Catalytic Activity (ribozyme) Is Often Also Regarded As Enzymatic.
Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of Internal Alpha Peptide Bonds in a Polypeptide Chain by a Catalytic Mechanism That Involves a Catalytic Triad Consisting of a Serine Nucleophile That Is Activated by a Proton Relay Involving an Acidic Residue (e.g. Aspartate or Glutamate) and a Basic Residue (usually Histidine).
Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of a Peptide Bond. a Peptide Bond Is a Covalent Bond Formed When the Carbon Atom From the Carboxyl Group of One Amino Acid Shares Electrons with the Nitrogen Atom From the Amino Group of a Second Amino Acid.
Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of Peptide Bonds in a Polypeptide Chain by a Catalytic Mechanism That Involves a Catalytic Triad Consisting of a Serine Nucleophile That Is Activated by a Proton Relay Involving an Acidic Residue (e.g. Aspartate or Glutamate) and a Basic Residue (usually Histidine).