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Crystal structure of the mouse acetylcholinesterase-gallamine complex
Biology and Chemistry Report
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords hydrolase

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,B
    Description acetylcholinesterase 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 59593.0 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    CO3  CARBONATE ION  C O3   60.01  View 
    FUC  ALPHA-L-FUCOSE  C6 H12 O5   164.16  View 
    GMN  2,2',2"-[1,2,3-BENZENE-TRIYLTRIS(OXY)]TRIS[N,N,N-TRIETHYLETHANAMINIUM]  C30 H60 N3 O3   510.82  View 
    IOD  IODIDE ION  I   126.90  View 
    NAG  N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE  C8 H15 N O6   221.21  View 
    P6G  HEXAETHYLENE GLYCOL  C12 H26 O7   282.33  View 
    PG4  TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL  C8 H18 O5   194.23  View 
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,B ACES_MOUSE P21836     

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc Catalytic Site(s)
    A B        
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,B
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1919   Regulation of Receptor Recycling  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Receptor Recycling. 
    2076   Osteoblast Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of an Osteoblast Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. Osteoblast Development Does Not Include the Steps Involved in Committing a Cranial Neural Crest Cell or an Osteoprogenitor Cell to an Osteoblast Fate. an Osteoblast Is a Cell That Gives Rise to Bone. 
    6581   Acetylcholine Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of Acetylcholine the Acetic Acid Ester of the Organic Base Choline. 
    7155   Cell Adhesion  The Attachment of a Cell Either to Another Cell or to an Underlying Substrate Such As the Extracellular Matrix Via Cell Adhesion Molecules. 
    7416   Synapse Assembly  The Aggregation Arrangement and Bonding Together of a Set of Components to Form a Synapse. 
    31623   Receptor Internalization  A Receptor Mediated Endocytosis Process That Results in the Movement of Receptors From the Plasma Membrane to the Inside of the Cell. the Process Begins When Cell Surface Receptors Are Monoubiquitinated Following Ligand Induced Activation. Receptors Are Subsequently Taken Up Into Endocytic Vesicles From Where They Are Either Targeted to the Lysosome or Vacuole For Degradation or Recycled Back to the Plasma Membrane. 
    42135   Neurotransmitter Catabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of Any of a Group of Substances That Are Released On Excitation From the Axon Terminal of a Presynaptic Neuron of the Central or Peripheral Nervous System and Travel Across the Synaptic Cleft to Either Excite or Inhibit the Target Cell. 
    45212   Neurotransmitter Receptor Biosynthetic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Formation of Neurotransmitter Receptors. 
    51262   Protein Tetramerization  The Formation of a Protein Tetramer a Macromolecular Structure Consisting of Four Noncovalently Associated Identical or Nonidentical Subunits. 
    60041   Retina Development in Camera Type Eye  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Retina Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Retina Is the Innermost Layer or Coating At the Back of the Eyeball Which Is Sensitive to Light and in Which the Optic Nerve Terminates. 
    5576   Extracellular Region  The Space External to the Outermost Structure of a Cell. For Cells Without External Protective or External Encapsulating Structures This Refers to Space Outside of the Plasma Membrane. This Term Covers the Host Cell Environment Outside an Intracellular Parasite. 
    5605   Basal Lamina  A Thin Sheet of Proteoglycans and Glycoproteins Especially Laminin Secreted by Cells As an Extracellular Matrix. 
    5615   Extracellular Space  That Part of a Multicellular Organism Outside the Cells Proper Usually Taken to Be Outside the Plasma Membranes and Occupied by Fluid. 
    5794   Golgi Apparatus  A Compound Membranous Cytoplasmic Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells Consisting of Flattened Ribosome Free Vesicles Arranged in a More or Less Regular Stack. the Golgi Apparatus Differs From the Endoplasmic Reticulum in Often Having Slightly Thicker Membranes Appearing in Sections As a Characteristic Shallow Semicircle So That the Convex Side (cis or Entry Face) Abuts the Endoplasmic Reticulum Secretory Vesicles Emerging From the Concave Side (trans or Exit Face). in Vertebrate Cells There Is Usually One Such Organelle While in Invertebrates and Plants Where They Are Known Usually As Dictyosomes There May Be Several Scattered in the Cytoplasm. the Golgi Apparatus Processes Proteins Produced On the Ribosomes of the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum; Such Processing Includes Modification of the Core Oligosaccharides of Glycoproteins and the Sorting and Packaging of Proteins For Transport to a Variety of Cellular Locations. Three Different Regions of the Golgi Are Now Recognized Both in Terms of Structure and Function: Cis in the Vicinity of the Cis Face Trans in the Vicinity of the Trans Face and Medial Lying Between the Cis and Trans Regions. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    9986   Cell Surface  The External Part of the Cell Wall And/or Plasma Membrane. 
    16020   Membrane  A Lipid Bilayer Along with All the Proteins and Protein Complexes Embedded in It an Attached to It. 
    30054   Cell Junction  A Cellular Component That Forms a Specialized Region of Connection Between Two or More Cells or Between a Cell and the Extracellular Matrix. At a Cell Junction Anchoring Proteins Extend Through the Plasma Membrane to Link Cytoskeletal Proteins in One Cell to Cytoskeletal Proteins in Neighboring Cells or to Proteins in the Extracellular Matrix. 
    31225   Anchored Component of Membrane  The Component of a Membrane Consisting of the Gene Products That Are Tethered to the Membrane Only by a Covalently Attached Anchor Such As a Lipid Group That Is Embedded in the Membrane. Gene Products with Peptide Sequences That Are Embedded in the Membrane Are Excluded From This Grouping. 
    31594   Neuromuscular Junction  The Junction Between the Axon of a Motor Neuron and a Muscle Fiber. in Response to the Arrival of Action Potentials the Presynaptic Button Releases Molecules of Neurotransmitters Into the Synaptic Cleft. These Diffuse Across the Cleft and Transmit the Signal to the Postsynaptic Membrane of the Muscle Fiber Leading to a Change in Post Synaptic Potential. 
    45202   Synapse  The Junction Between a Nerve Fiber of One Neuron and Another Neuron or Muscle Fiber or Glial Cell; the Site of Interneuronal Communication. As the Nerve Fiber Approaches the Synapse It Enlarges Into a Specialized Structure the Presynaptic Nerve Ending Which Contains Mitochondria and Synaptic Vesicles. At the Tip of the Nerve Ending Is the Presynaptic Membrane; Facing It and Separated From It by a Minute Cleft (the Synaptic Cleft) Is a Specialized Area of Membrane On the Receiving Cell Known As the Postsynaptic Membrane. in Response to the Arrival of Nerve Impulses the Presynaptic Nerve Ending Secretes Molecules of Neurotransmitters Into the Synaptic Cleft. These Diffuse Across the Cleft and Transmit the Signal to the Postsynaptic Membrane. 
    48471   Perinuclear Region of Cytoplasm  Cytoplasm Situated Near or Occurring Around the Nucleus. 
    3990   Acetylcholinesterase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: Acetylcholine + H2o = Choline + Acetate. 
    4104   Cholinesterase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: an Acylcholine + H2o = Choline + a Carboxylic Acid Anion. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    5518   Collagen Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Collagen a Group of Fibrous Proteins of Very High Tensile Strength That Form the Main Component of Connective Tissue in Animals. Collagen Is Highly Enriched in Glycine (some Regions Are 33% Glycine) and Proline Occurring Predominantly As 3 Hydroxyproline (about 20%). 
    16787   Hydrolase Activity  Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of Various Bonds E.g. C O C N C C Phosphoric Anhydride Bonds Etc. Hydrolase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 3. 
    17171   Serine Hydrolase Activity  Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of a Substrate by a Catalytic Mechanism That Involves a Catalytic Triad Consisting of a Serine Nucleophile That Is Activated by a Proton Relay Involving an Acidic Residue (e.g. Aspartate or Glutamate) and a Basic Residue (usually Histidine). 
    42166   Acetylcholine Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Acetylcholine an Acetic Acid Ester of the Organic Base Choline That Functions As a Neurotransmitter Released At the Synapses of Parasympathetic Nerves and At Neuromuscular Junctions. 
    42803   Protein Homodimerization Activity  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with an Identical Protein to Form a Homodimer. 
    43236   Laminin Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Laminins Glycoproteins That Are Major Constituents of the Basement Membrane of Cells. 
    43621   Protein Self Association  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Domain Within the Same Polypeptide. 
    52689   Carboxylic Ester Hydrolase Activity  Catalysis of the Hydrolysis of a Carboxylic Ester Bond. 

    Protein Analyses

    Measured Binding Affinities   

  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A,B
    Common Name House Mouse
    Scientific Name Mus musculus  
    Genus Mus
    Gene ache
    Host Common Name Human
    Host Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Host Genus Homo
    Host Variant Lambda Zap Lambda Fix Cdna Genomic DNA
    Host Cell Type Human Embryonic Kidney Cells (hek)
    Host Cell Line Hek 293

    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    5 5 G2|5 76.32 cM 11423     acetylcholinesterase ACHE