An Information Portal to 109093 Biological Macromolecular Structures

Biology and Chemistry Report
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords TRANSFERASE
    Text tissue transglutaminase; GTP binding protein; crystallography, TRANSFERASE

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,B,C,D,E,F
    Description Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 77342.2 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name Tissue transglutaminase, TGase C, TGC, TGase-H 

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    GDP  GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE  C10 H15 N5 O11 P2   443.20  View 
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,B,C,D,E,F TGM2_HUMAN P21980     

    EC, Associated Pathways and Catalytic Sites

    Chain(s) IUBMB KEGG BioCyc Catalytic Site(s)
    A B C D E F        
    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,B,C,D,E,F
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1974   Blood Vessel Remodeling  The Reorganization or Renovation of Existing Blood Vessels. 
    7200   Phospholipase C Activating G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds with Activation of Phospholipase C (plc) and a Subsequent Increase in the Concentration of Inositol Trisphosphate (ip3) and Diacylglycerol (dag). 
    18149   Peptide Cross Linking  The Formation of a Covalent Cross Link Between or Within Protein Chains. 
    18153   Isopeptide Cross Linking Via N6 (l Isoglutamyl) L Lysine  The Formation of an Isopeptide Cross Link Between Peptidyl Lysine and Peptidyl Glutamine to Produce N6 (l Isoglutamyl) L Lysine. 
    32471   Negative Regulation of Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium Ion Concentration  Any Process That Decreases the Concentration of Calcium Ions in the Endoplasmic Reticulum. 
    43065   Positive Regulation of Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process. 
    43123   Positive Regulation of I Kappab Kinase/nf Kappab Signaling  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of I Kappab Kinase/nf Kappab Signaling. 
    43277   Apoptotic Cell Clearance  The Recognition and Removal of an Apoptotic Cell by a Neighboring Cell or by a Phagocyte. 
    45785   Positive Regulation of Cell Adhesion  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Adhesion. 
    48661   Positive Regulation of Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Rate or Extent of Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation. 
    50729   Positive Regulation of Inflammatory Response  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Inflammatory Response. 
    51260   Protein Homooligomerization  The Process of Creating Protein Oligomers Compounds Composed of a Small Number Usually Between Three and Ten of Identical Component Monomers. Oligomers May Be Formed by the Polymerization of a Number of Monomers or the Depolymerization of a Large Protein Polymer. 
    51482   Positive Regulation of Cytosolic Calcium Ion Concentration Involved in Phospholipase C Activating G Protein Coupled Signaling Pathway  Any Process That Increases the Concentration of Calcium Ions in the Cytosol That Occurs As Part of a Plc Activating G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway. G Protein Activated Plc Hydrolyses Phosphatidylinositol Bisphosphate (pip2) to Release Diacylglycerol (dag) and Inositol Trisphosphate (ip3). Ip3 Then Binds to Calcium Release Channels in the Endoplasmic Reticulum (er) to Trigger Calcium Ion Release Into the Cytosol. 
    51561   Positive Regulation of Mitochondrial Calcium Ion Concentration  Any Process That Increases the Concentration of Calcium Ions in Mitochondria. 
    60445   Branching Involved in Salivary Gland Morphogenesis  The Process in Which the Branching Structure of the Salivary Gland Is Generated and Organized. 
    60662   Salivary Gland Cavitation  The Process in Which the Solid Core of Salivary Epithelium Gives Rise to the Hollow Tube of the Gland. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5739   Mitochondrion  A Semiautonomous Self Replicating Organelle That Occurs in Varying Numbers Shapes and Sizes in the Cytoplasm of Virtually All Eukaryotic Cells. It Is Notably the Site of Tissue Respiration. 
    5783   Endoplasmic Reticulum  The Irregular Network of Unit Membranes Visible Only by Electron Microscopy That Occurs in the Cytoplasm of Many Eukaryotic Cells. the Membranes Form a Complex Meshwork of Tubular Channels Which Are Often Expanded Into Slitlike Cavities Called Cisternae. the Er Takes Two Forms Rough (or Granular) with Ribosomes Adhering to the Outer Surface and Smooth (with No Ribosomes Attached). 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    5925   Focal Adhesion  Small Region On the Surface of a Cell That Anchors the Cell to the Extracellular Matrix and That Forms a Point of Termination of Actin Filaments. 
    31226   Intrinsic Component of Plasma Membrane  The Component of the Plasma Membrane Consisting of Gene Products and Protein Complexes That Have Some Covalently Attached Part (e.g. Peptide Sequence or Gpi Anchor) Which Spans or Is Embedded in One or Both Leaflets of the Membrane. 
    70062   Extracellular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm. 
    3810   Protein Glutamine Gamma Glutamyltransferase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: Protein Glutamine + Alkylamine = Protein N5 Alkylglutamine + Nh3. This Reaction Is the Formation of the N6 (l Isoglutamyl) L Lysine Isopeptide Resulting in Cross Linking Polypeptide Chains; the Gamma Carboxamide Groups of Peptidyl Glutamine Residues Act As Acyl Donors and the 6 Amino Groups of Peptidyl Lysine Residues Act As Acceptors to Give Intra and Intermolecular N6 (5 Glutamyl)lysine Cross Links. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    5525   GTP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    16740   Transferase Activity  Catalysis of the Transfer of a Group E.g. a Methyl Group Glycosyl Group Acyl Group Phosphorus Containing or Other Groups From One Compound (generally Regarded As the Donor) to Another Compound (generally Regarded As the Acceptor). Transferase Is the Systematic Name For Any Enzyme of EC Class 2. 
    16746   Transferase Activity Transferring Acyl Groups  Catalysis of the Transfer of an Acyl Group From One Compound (donor) to Another (acceptor). 
    19904   Protein Domain Specific Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Specific Domain of a Protein. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 

  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A,B,C,D,E,F
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Genus Homo
    Gene tgm2
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli bl21(de3)  
    Host Genus Escherichia
    Host Species Escherichia Coli
    Host Strain Bl21(de3)
    Host Vector Type Plasmid
    Host Plasmid Name PET28a

    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    20 20q12 7052     transglutaminase 2 TGM2    

    Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (from LS-SNP database)

    SNP ID LsSnp Link dbSNP Link Chain PDB position Amino acid changes Secondary structure Solvent Accessibility Chromosome Chromosome position Ligand
    rs147890243 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 23 T - > M Coil 2% (Buried) 20 36789944
    rs200206764 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 25 D - > Y Turn 38% (Exposed) 20 36789939
    rs112985165 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 56 S - > G Coil 107% (Exposed) 20 36789846
    rs199577232 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 62 V - > M Beta Ladder 26% (Intermediate) 20 36789828
    rs181404288 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 68 S - > I Coil 25% (Intermediate) 20 36784479
    rs41274720 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 76 R - > H Beta Ladder 49% (Exposed) 20 36784455
    rs61733919 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 78 P - > L Beta Ladder 46% (Exposed) 20 36784449
    rs139395066 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 92 V - > M Beta Ladder 15% (Intermediate) 20 36784408
    rs141500725 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 106 T - > I Coil 1% (Buried) 20 36784365
    rs146137365 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 110 A - > T Coil 2% (Buried) 20 36784354
    rs141628501 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 111 P - > R Coil 4% (Buried) 20 36784350
    rs138618726 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 116 R - > C Beta Ladder 63% (Exposed) 20 36784336
    rs138064359 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 147 A - > V Turn 25% (Intermediate) 20 36779453
    rs149036689 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 147 A - > T Turn 25% (Intermediate) 20 36779454
    rs200959101 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 176 K - > Q Beta Ladder 25% (Intermediate) 20 36779367
    rs1139699 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 186 E - > Q Bend 8% (Buried) 20 36776488
    rs202070760 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 212 S - > P Helix 23% (Intermediate) 20 36776410
    rs45530133 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 214 R - > H Turn 3% (Buried) 20 36776403
    rs200412435 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 218 V - > F Helix 6% (Buried) 20 36776392
    rs200551434 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 222 R - > Q Helix 17% (Intermediate) 20 36776379
    rs191236574 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 263 R - > H Helix 39% (Exposed) 20 36775190
    rs142761662 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 271 R - > CS Coil 31% (Intermediate) 20 36775167
    rs146118608 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 297 V - > I Beta Ladder 4% (Buried) 20 36770572
    rs138412064 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 314 E - > K Beta Ladder 18% (Intermediate) 20 36770521
    rs138570848 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 317 R - > H Beta Ladder 2% (Buried) 20 36770511
    rs45567334 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 324 Q - > R Coil 32% (Intermediate) 20 36770490
    rs141603506 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 330 M - > RT Coil 25% (Intermediate) 20 36770472
    rs147979857 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 366 E - > K Turn 24% (Intermediate) 20 36769687
    rs78619991 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 377 R - > H Helix 49% (Exposed) 20 36768026
    rs137876403 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 383 D - > N Coil 13% (Intermediate) 20 36768009
    rs41274716 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 389 D - > N Turn 19% (Intermediate) 20 36767991
    rs138957593 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 395 A - > V Helix 1% (Buried) 20 36767972
    rs201212727 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 401 V - > E Beta Ladder 18% (Intermediate) 20 36767954
    rs200013031 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 431 V - > L Turn 15% (Intermediate) 20 36767865
    rs142184177 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 433 R - > Q Bend 32% (Intermediate) 20 36767858
    rs45629036 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 436 R - > W Beta Ladder 34% (Intermediate) 20 36767850
    rs139974885 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 469 E - > G Coil 51% (Exposed) 20 36766724
    rs140523273 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 481 Q - > H Bend 71% (Exposed) 20 36766687 GDP
    rs151245834 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 494 H - > L Beta Ladder 2% (Buried) 20 36766649
    rs112578056 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 523 E - > K Beta Ladder 11% (Intermediate) 20 36766563
    rs45556333 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 536 P - > S Turn 16% (Intermediate) 20 36766524
    rs2229473 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 542 V - > F Beta Ladder 5% (Buried) 20 36760894
    rs199832452 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 546 I - > V Beta Ladder 0% (Buried) 20 36760882
    rs148045565 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 549 E - > G Helix 54% (Exposed) 20 36760872
    rs143549454 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 556 T - > A Coil 15% (Intermediate) 20 36760852
    rs149480979 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 570 P - > L Turn 48% (Exposed) 20 36760809
    rs201666703 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 592 R - > W Beta Ladder 28% (Intermediate) 20 36760744
    rs150712844 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 592 R - > Q Beta Ladder 28% (Intermediate) 20 36760743
    rs142710449 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 607 V - > M Beta Ladder 0% (Buried) 20 36759589
    rs199563008 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 612 P - > T Coil 32% (Intermediate) 20 36759574
    rs200284500 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 628 G - > A Turn 5% (Buried) 20 36759525
    rs148951551 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 642 V - > L Beta 6% (Buried) 20 36758761
    rs202020760 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 662 H - > Q Beta Ladder 9% (Buried) 20 36758699
    rs202239139 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 665 V - > L Beta Ladder 0% (Buried) 20 36758692
    rs145777113 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 667 N - > D Beta Ladder 4% (Buried) 20 36758686
    rs150186613 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 669 E - > K Beta Ladder 22% (Intermediate) 20 36758680
    rs141236503 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 671 D - > N Bend 37% (Exposed) 20 36758674
    rs146621816 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 680 R - > W Beta Ladder 10% (Intermediate) 20 36758647