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CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BOVINE RHODOPSIN
Biology and Chemistry Report
1F88
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords SIGNALING PROTEIN
    Text PHOTORECEPTOR, G PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTOR, MEMBRANE PROTEIN, RETINAL PROTEIN, VISUAL PIGMENT, SIGNALING PROTEIN

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,B
    Description RHODOPSIN 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 39031.8 
    Source Method natural source  

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    HG  MERCURY (II) ION  Hg   200.59  View 
    MAN  ALPHA-D-MANNOSE  C6 H12 O6   180.16  View 
    NAG  N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE  C8 H15 N O6   221.21  View 
    RET  RETINAL  C20 H28 O   284.44  View 
    ZN  ZINC ION  Zn   65.41  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,B OPSD_BOVIN P02699     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,B
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7601   Visual Perception  The Series of Events Required For an Organism to Receive a Visual Stimulus Convert It to a Molecular Signal and Recognize and Characterize the Signal. Visual Stimuli Are Detected in the Form of Photons and Are Processed to Form an Image. 
    7602   Phototransduction  The Sequence of Reactions Within a Cell Required to Convert Absorbed Photons Into a Molecular Signal. 
    18298   Protein Chromophore Linkage  The Covalent or Noncovalent Attachment of a Chromophore to a Protein. 
    50896   Response to Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus. the Process Begins with Detection of the Stimulus and Ends with a Change in State or Activity or the Cell or Organism. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    16021   Integral Component of Membrane  The Component of a Membrane Consisting of Gene Products and Protein Complexes That Have Some Part That Penetrates At Least One Leaflet of the Membrane Bilayer. This Component Includes Gene Products That Are Buried in the Bilayer with No Exposure Outside the Bilayer. 
    42622   Photoreceptor Outer Segment Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding the Outer Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor. 
    60342   Photoreceptor Inner Segment Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding the Outer Segment of a Vertebrate Photoreceptor. the Photoreceptor Inner Segment Contains Mitochondria Ribosomes and Membranes Where Opsin Molecules Are Assembled and Passed to Be Part of the Outer Segment Discs. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    4930   G Protein Coupled Receptor Activity  Combining with an Extracellular Signal and Transmitting the Signal Across the Membrane by Activating an Associated G Protein; Promotes the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of a Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    9881   Photoreceptor Activity  The Function of Absorbing and Responding to Incidental Electromagnetic Radiation Particularly Visible Light. the Response May Involve a Change in Conformation. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Natural Source

    Chain A,B
    Common Name Cattle
    Scientific Name Bos taurus  
    Genus Bos
    Organ Retina
    Details Bovine Retina Rod Cell Outer Segments

    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    22 22q23-q24 509933     rhodopsin RHO