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SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF A PRO-APOPTOTIC PROTEIN BAX
Biology and Chemistry Report
1F16
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords APOPTOSIS
    Text HELICAL PROTEIN, APOPTOSIS

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description PROTEIN (APOPTOSIS REGULATOR BAX, MEMBRANE ISOFORM ALPHA) 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 21204.5 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A BAX_HUMAN A8K4W1     

    Keywords and Names

    Chain(s) RCSB Name UniProtKB Name UniProtKB Keywords

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    1541   Ovarian Follicle Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Ovarian Follicle Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. 
    1764   Neuron Migration  The Characteristic Movement of an Immature Neuron From Germinal Zones to Specific Positions Where They Will Reside As They Mature. 
    1776   Leukocyte Homeostasis  The Process of Regulating the Proliferation and Elimination of Cells of the Immune System Such That the Total Number of Cells of a Particular Cell Type Within a Whole or Part of an Organism Is Stable Over Time in the Absence of an Outside Stimulus. 
    1777   T Cell Homeostatic Proliferation  The Non Specific Expansion of T Cell Populations Within a Whole or Part of an Organism to Reach to a Total Number of T Cells Which Will Then Remain Stable Over Time in the Absence of an External Stimulus. 
    1782   B Cell Homeostasis  The Process of Regulating the Proliferation and Elimination of B Cells Such That the Total Number of B Cells Within a Whole or Part of an Organism Is Stable Over Time in the Absence of an Outside Stimulus. 
    1783   B Cell Apoptotic Process  Any Apoptotic Process in a B Cell a Lymphocyte of B Lineage with the Phenotype Cd19 Positive and Capable of B Cell Mediated Immunity. 
    1822   Kidney Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Kidney Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Kidney Is an Organ That Filters the Blood And/or Excretes the End Products of Body Metabolism in the Form of Urine. 
    1836   Release of Cytochrome C From Mitochondria  The Process That Results in the Movement of Cytochrome C From the Mitochondrial Intermembrane Space Into the Cytosol Which Is Part of the Apoptotic Signaling Pathway and Leads to Caspase Activation. 
    1844   Protein Insertion Into Mitochondrial Membrane Involved in Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  The Process in Which a Protein Is Incorporated Into a Mitochondrial Membrane As the Initial Phase of the Mitochondrial Membrane Permeabilization That Takes Place in the Apoptotic Signaling Pathway. 
    1974   Blood Vessel Remodeling  The Reorganization or Renovation of Existing Blood Vessels. 
    2262   Myeloid Cell Homeostasis  The Process of Regulating the Proliferation and Elimination of Myeloid Cells Such That the Total Number of Myeloid Cells Within a Whole or Part of an Organism Is Stable Over Time in the Absence of an Outside Stimulus. 
    2352   B Cell Negative Selection  Any Process Leading to Negative Selection in B Cells. Mechanisms of Negative Selection Include Anergy and Deletion. 
    2358   B Cell Homeostatic Proliferation  The Non Specific Expansion of B Cell Populations Within a Whole or Part of an Organism to Reach to a Total Number of B Cells Which Will Then Remain Stable Over Time in the Absence of an External Stimulus. 
    2904   Positive Regulation of B Cell Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of B Cell Apoptotic Process. 
    6687   Glycosphingolipid Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Involving Glycosphingolipids Any Compound with Residues of Sphingoid and At Least One Monosaccharide. 
    6808   Regulation of Nitrogen Utilization  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Nitrogen Utilization. 
    6915   Apoptotic Process  A Programmed Cell Death Process Which Begins When a Cell Receives an Internal (e.g. DNA Damage) or External Signal (e.g. an Extracellular Death Ligand) and Proceeds Through a Series of Biochemical Events (signaling Pathway Phase) Which Trigger an Execution Phase. the Execution Phase Is the Last Step of an Apoptotic Process and Is Typically Characterized by Rounding Up of the Cell Retraction of Pseudopodes Reduction of Cellular Volume (pyknosis) Chromatin Condensation Nuclear Fragmentation (karyorrhexis) Plasma Membrane Blebbing and Fragmentation of the Cell Into Apoptotic Bodies. When the Execution Phase Is Completed the Cell Has Died. 
    6919   Activation of Cysteine Type Endopeptidase Activity Involved in Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Initiates the Activity of the Inactive Enzyme Cysteine Type Endopeptidase in the Context of an Apoptotic Process. 
    6927   Transformed Cell Apoptotic Process  Any Apoptotic Process in a Transformed Cell a Cell That Has Undergone Changes Manifested by Escape From Control Mechanisms Increased Growth Potential Alterations in the Cell Surface Karyotypic Abnormalities Morphological and Biochemical Deviations From the Norm. 
    6974   Cellular Response to DNA Damage Stimulus  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus Indicating Damage to Its DNA From Environmental Insults or Errors During Metabolism. 
    7281   Germ Cell Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of an Immature Germ Cell Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure (gamete). a Germ Cell Is Any Reproductive Cell in a Multicellular Organism. 
    7283   Spermatogenesis  The Process of Formation of Spermatozoa Including Spermatocytogenesis and Spermiogenesis. 
    7399   Nervous System Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of Nervous Tissue Over Time From Its Formation to Its Mature State. 
    7548   Sex Differentiation  The Establishment of the Sex of an Organism by Physical Differentiation. 
    8053   Mitochondrial Fusion  Merging of Two or More Mitochondria Within a Cell to Form a Single Compartment. 
    8283   Cell Proliferation  The Multiplication or Reproduction of Cells Resulting in the Expansion of a Cell Population. 
    8285   Negative Regulation of Cell Proliferation  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Rate or Extent of Cell Proliferation. 
    8584   Male Gonad Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Male Gonad Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. 
    8625   Extrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway Via Death Domain Receptors  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Signal Is Conveyed From the Cell Surface to Trigger the Apoptotic Death of a Cell. the Pathway Starts with a Ligand Binding to a Death Domain Receptor On the Cell Surface and Ends When the Execution Phase of Apoptosis Is Triggered. 
    8630   Intrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway in Response to DNA Damage  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which an Intracellular Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger the Apoptotic Death of a Cell. the Pathway Is Induced by the Detection of DNA Damage and Ends When the Execution Phase of Apoptosis Is Triggered. 
    8635   Activation of Cysteine Type Endopeptidase Activity Involved in Apoptotic Process by Cytochrome C  Any Process That Initiates the Activity of the Inactive Enzyme Cysteine Type Endopeptidase in the Context of an Apoptotic Process and Is Mediated by Cytochrome C. 
    8637   Apoptotic Mitochondrial Changes  The Morphological and Physiological Alterations Undergone by Mitochondria During Apoptosis. 
    9566   Fertilization  The Union of Gametes of Opposite Sexes During the Process of Sexual Reproduction to Form a Zygote. It Involves the Fusion of the Gametic Nuclei (karyogamy) and Cytoplasm (plasmogamy). 
    9611   Response to Wounding  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus Indicating Damage to the Organism. 
    9636   Response to Toxic Substance  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Toxic Stimulus. 
    9651   Response to Salt Stress  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Stimulus Indicating an Increase or Decrease in the Concentration of Salt (particularly But Not Exclusively Sodium and Chloride Ions) in the Environment. 
    9791   Post Embryonic Development  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Organism Over Time From the Completion of Embryonic Development to the Mature Structure. See Embryonic Development. 
    10212   Response to Ionizing Radiation  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Ionizing Radiation Stimulus. Ionizing Radiation Is Radiation with Sufficient Energy to Remove Electrons From Atoms and May Arise From Spontaneous Decay of Unstable Isotopes Resulting in Alpha and Beta Particles and Gamma Rays. Ionizing Radiation Also Includes X Rays. 
    10248   Establishment or Maintenance of Transmembrane Electrochemical Gradient  The Directed Movement of Ions to Establish or Maintain an Electrochemical Gradient Across a Membrane by Means of Some Agent Such As a Transporter or Pore. 
    10332   Response to Gamma Radiation  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of a Gamma Radiation Stimulus. Gamma Radiation Is a Form of Electromagnetic Radiation (emr) or Light Emission of a Specific Frequency Produced From Sub Atomic Particle Interaction Such As Electron Positron Annihilation and Radioactive Decay. Gamma Rays Are Generally Characterized As Emr Having the Highest Frequency and Energy and Also the Shortest Wavelength Within the Electromagnetic Radiation Spectrum. 
    10524   Positive Regulation of Calcium Ion Transport Into Cytosol  Any Process That Increases the Rate of the Directed Movement of Calcium Ions Into the Cytosol of a Cell. the Cytosol Is That Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Membranous or Particulate Subcellular Components. 
    16032   Viral Process  A Multi Organism Process in Which a Virus Is a Participant. the Other Participant Is the Host. Includes Infection of a Host Cell Replication of the Viral Genome and Assembly of Progeny Virus Particles. in Some Cases the Viral Genetic Material May Integrate Into the Host Genome and Only Subsequently Under Particular Circumstances 'complete' Its Life Cycle. 
    21854   Hypothalamus Development  The Progression of the Hypothalamus Region of the Forebrain From Its Initial Formation to Its Mature State. 
    21987   Cerebral Cortex Development  The Progression of the Cerebral Cortex Over Time From Its Initial Formation Until Its Mature State. the Cerebral Cortex Is the Outer Layered Region of the Telencephalon. 
    32091   Negative Regulation of Protein Binding  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Protein Binding. 
    32461   Positive Regulation of Protein Oligomerization  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Protein Oligomerization. 
    32469   Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium Ion Homeostasis  Any Process Involved in the Maintenance of an Internal Steady State of Calcium Ions Within the Endoplasmic Reticulum of a Cell or Between the Endoplasmic Reticulum and Its Surroundings. 
    32471   Negative Regulation of Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium Ion Concentration  Any Process That Decreases the Concentration of Calcium Ions in the Endoplasmic Reticulum. 
    32976   Release of Matrix Enzymes From Mitochondria  The Process in Which Enzymes Such As Aspartate Aminotransferase Are Enabled to Move From the Mitochondrial Matrix Into the Cytosol As Part of the Apoptotic Process. 
    33137   Negative Regulation of Peptidyl Serine Phosphorylation  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Phosphorylation of Peptidyl Serine. 
    33599   Regulation of Mammary Gland Epithelial Cell Proliferation  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Mammary Gland Epithelial Cell Proliferation. 
    34644   Cellular Response to Uv  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Ultraviolet Radiation (uv Light) Stimulus. Ultraviolet Radiation Is Electromagnetic Radiation with a Wavelength in the Range of 10 to 380 Nanometers. 
    35108   Limb Morphogenesis  The Process in Which the Anatomical Structures of a Limb Are Generated and Organized. a Limb Is a Paired Appendage of a Tetrapod Used For Locomotion or Grasping. 
    35234   Ectopic Germ Cell Programmed Cell Death  Programmed Cell Death of an Errant Germ Line Cell That Is Outside the Normal Migratory Path or Ectopic to the Gonad. This Is an Important Mechanism of Regulating Germ Cell Survival Within the Embryo. 
    42475   Odontogenesis of Dentin Containing Tooth  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of a Dentin Containing Tooth Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. a Dentin Containing Tooth Is a Hard Bony Organ Borne On the Jaw or Other Bone of a Vertebrate and Is Composed Mainly of Dentin a Dense Calcified Substance Covered by a Layer of Enamel. 
    42981   Regulation of Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Modulates the Occurrence or Rate of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process. 
    43065   Positive Regulation of Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process. 
    43281   Regulation of Cysteine Type Endopeptidase Activity Involved in Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Modulates the Activity of a Cysteine Type Endopeptidase Involved in Apoptosis. 
    43496   Regulation of Protein Homodimerization Activity  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Protein Homodimerization Interacting Selectively with an Identical Protein to Form a Homodimer. 
    43497   Regulation of Protein Heterodimerization Activity  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Protein Heterodimerization Interacting Selectively with a Nonidentical Protein to Form a Heterodimer. 
    43523   Regulation of Neuron Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Modulates the Occurrence or Rate of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process in Neurons. 
    43524   Negative Regulation of Neuron Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process in Neurons. 
    43525   Positive Regulation of Neuron Apoptotic Process  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death of Neurons by Apoptotic Process. 
    43653   Mitochondrial Fragmentation Involved in Apoptotic Process  The Change in the Morphology of the Mitochondria in an Apoptotic Cell From a Highly Branched Network to a Fragmented Vesicular Form. 
    45136   Development of Secondary Sexual Characteristics  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Secondary Sexual Characteristics Over Time From Their Formation to the Mature Structures. in Humans These Include Growth of Axillary Chest and Pubic Hair Voice Changes Testicular/penile Enlargement Breast Development and Menstrual Periods. Development Occurs in Response to Sex Hormone Secretion. 
    46666   Retinal Cell Programmed Cell Death  Programmed Cell Death That Occurs in the Developing Retina. 
    48087   Positive Regulation of Developmental Pigmentation  Any Process That Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Developmental Process That Results in the Deposition of Coloring Matter in an Organism. 
    48147   Negative Regulation of Fibroblast Proliferation  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Multiplication or Reproduction of Fibroblast Cells. 
    48515   Spermatid Differentiation  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of a Spermatid Over Time From Initial Commitment of the Cell to a Specific Fate to the Fully Functional Differentiated Cell. 
    48597   Post Embryonic Camera Type Eye Morphogenesis  The Process in Which the Anatomical Structures of the Eye Are Generated and Organized During Post Embryonic Development. 
    48678   Response to Axon Injury  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell or an Organism (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Axon Injury Stimulus. 
    48872   Homeostasis of Number of Cells  Any Biological Process Involved in the Maintenance of the Steady State Number of Cells Within a Population of Cells. 
    48873   Homeostasis of Number of Cells Within a Tissue  Any Biological Process Involved in the Maintenance of the Steady State Number of Cells Within a Population of Cells in a Tissue. 
    51259   Protein Oligomerization  The Process of Creating Protein Oligomers Compounds Composed of a Small Number Usually Between Three and Ten of Component Monomers; Protein Oligomers May Be Composed of Different or Identical Monomers. Oligomers May Be Formed by the Polymerization of a Number of Monomers or the Depolymerization of a Large Protein Polymer. 
    51260   Protein Homooligomerization  The Process of Creating Protein Oligomers Compounds Composed of a Small Number Usually Between Three and Ten of Identical Component Monomers. Oligomers May Be Formed by the Polymerization of a Number of Monomers or the Depolymerization of a Large Protein Polymer. 
    51281   Positive Regulation of Release of Sequestered Calcium Ion Into Cytosol  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Release Into the Cytosolic Compartment of Calcium Ions Sequestered in the Endoplasmic Reticulum or Mitochondria. 
    51402   Neuron Apoptotic Process  Any Apoptotic Process in a Neuron the Basic Cellular Unit of Nervous Tissue. Each Neuron Consists of a Body an Axon and Dendrites. Their Purpose Is to Receive Conduct and Transmit Impulses in the Nervous System. 
    51726   Regulation of Cell Cycle  Any Process That Modulates the Rate or Extent of Progression Through the Cell Cycle. 
    51881   Regulation of Mitochondrial Membrane Potential  Any Process That Modulates the Establishment or Extent of the Mitochondrial Membrane Potential the Electric Potential Existing Across the Mitochondrial Membrane Arising From Charges in the Membrane Itself and From the Charges Present in the Media On Either Side of the Membrane. 
    60011   Sertoli Cell Proliferation  The Multiplication or Reproduction of Sertoli Cells Resulting in the Expansion of the Sertoli Cell Population. a Sertoli Cell Is a Supporting Cell Projecting Inward From the Basement Membrane of Seminiferous Tubules. 
    60041   Retina Development in Camera Type Eye  The Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Retina Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. the Retina Is the Innermost Layer or Coating At the Back of the Eyeball Which Is Sensitive to Light and in Which the Optic Nerve Terminates. 
    60058   Positive Regulation of Apoptotic Process Involved in Mammary Gland Involution  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Death by Apoptotic Process of Mammary Epithelial Cells During Mammary Gland Involution. 
    60068   Vagina Development  The Reproductive Developmental Process Whose Specific Outcome Is the Progression of the Vagina Over Time From Its Formation to the Mature Structure. 
    70059   Intrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway in Response to Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which an Intracellular Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger the Apoptotic Death of a Cell. the Pathway Is Induced in Response to a Stimulus Indicating Endoplasmic Reticulum (er) Stress and Ends When the Execution Phase of Apoptosis Is Triggered. Er Stress Usually Results From the Accumulation of Unfolded or Misfolded Proteins in the Er Lumen. 
    70242   Thymocyte Apoptotic Process  Any Apoptotic Process in a Thymocyte an Immature T Cell Located in the Thymus. 
    70584   Mitochondrion Morphogenesis  The Process in Which the Anatomical Structures of a Mitochondrion Are Generated and Organized. 
    71310   Cellular Response to Organic Substance  Any Process That Results in a Change in State or Activity of a Cell (in Terms of Movement Secretion Enzyme Production Gene Expression Etc.) As a Result of an Organic Substance Stimulus. 
    72332   Intrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway by P53 Class Mediator  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which an Intracellular Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger the Apoptotic Death of a Cell. the Pathway Is Induced by the Cell Cycle Regulator Phosphoprotein P53 or an Equivalent Protein and Ends When the Execution Phase of Apoptosis Is Triggered. 
    90200   Positive Regulation of Release of Cytochrome C From Mitochondria  Any Process That Increases the Rate Frequency or Extent of Release of Cytochrome C From Mitochondria the Process in Which Cytochrome C Is Enabled to Move From the Mitochondrial Intermembrane Space Into the Cytosol Which Is an Early Step in Apoptosis and Leads to Caspase Activation. 
    97190   Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Which Triggers the Apoptotic Death of a Cell. the Pathway Starts with Reception of a Signal and Ends When the Execution Phase of Apoptosis Is Triggered. 
    97191   Extrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Signal Is Conveyed From the Cell Surface to Trigger the Apoptotic Death of a Cell. the Pathway Starts with Either a Ligand Binding to a Cell Surface Receptor or a Ligand Being Withdrawn From a Cell Surface Receptor (e.g. in the Case of Signaling by Dependence Receptors) and Ends When the Execution Phase of Apoptosis Is Triggered. 
    97192   Extrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway in Absence of Ligand  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Signal Is Conveyed From the Cell Surface to Trigger the Apoptotic Death of a Cell. the Pathway Starts with Withdrawal of a Ligand From a Cell Surface Receptor and Ends When the Execution Phase of Apoptosis Is Triggered. 
    97193   Intrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which an Intracellular Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger the Apoptotic Death of a Cell. the Pathway Starts with Reception of an Intracellular Signal (e.g. DNA Damage Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Oxidative Stress Etc.) and Ends When the Execution Phase of Apoptosis Is Triggered. the Intrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway Is Crucially Regulated by Permeabilization of the Mitochondrial Outer Membrane (momp). 
    97296   Activation of Cysteine Type Endopeptidase Activity Involved in Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  Any Process That Initiates the Activity of an Inactive Cysteine Type Endopeptidase Involved in the Apoptotic Signaling Pathway. 
    1900103   Positive Regulation of Endoplasmic Reticulum Unfolded Protein Response  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Endoplasmic Reticulum Unfolded Protein Response. 
    1901030   Positive Regulation of Mitochondrial Outer Membrane Permeabilization Involved in Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Mitochondrial Outer Membrane Permeabilization Involved in Apoptotic Signaling Pathway. 
    1902108   Regulation of Mitochondrial Membrane Permeability Involved in Apoptotic Process  Any Regulation of Mitochondrial Membrane Permeability That Is Involved in Apoptotic Process. 
    1902110   Positive Regulation of Mitochondrial Membrane Permeability Involved in Apoptotic Process  Any Positive Regulation of Mitochondrial Membrane Permeability That Is Involved in Apoptotic Process. 
    1902262   Apoptotic Process Involved in Patterning of Blood Vessels  Any Apoptotic Process That Is Involved in Patterning of Blood Vessels. 
    1902263   Apoptotic Process Involved in Embryonic Digit Morphogenesis  Any Apoptotic Process That Is Involved in Embryonic Digit Morphogenesis. 
    1902445   Regulation of Mitochondrial Membrane Permeability Involved in Programmed Necrotic Cell Death  Any Regulation of Mitochondrial Membrane Permeability That Is Involved in Programmed Necrotic Cell Death. 
    1902512   Positive Regulation of Apoptotic DNA Fragmentation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Apoptotic DNA Fragmentation. 
    1990009   Retinal Cell Apoptotic Process  Any Apoptotic Process in a Retinal Cell. 
    1990117   B Cell Receptor Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  An Extrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway Initiated by the Cross Linking of an Antigen Receptor On a B Cell. 
    2001234   Negative Regulation of Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Apoptotic Signaling Pathway. 
    2001241   Positive Regulation of Extrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway in Absence of Ligand  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Extrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway in Absence of Ligand. 
    2001244   Positive Regulation of Intrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Intrinsic Apoptotic Signaling Pathway. 
    5622   Intracellular  The Living Contents of a Cell; the Matter Contained Within (but Not Including) the Plasma Membrane Usually Taken to Exclude Large Vacuoles and Masses of Secretory or Ingested Material. in Eukaryotes It Includes the Nucleus and Cytoplasm. 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5635   Nuclear Envelope  The Double Lipid Bilayer Enclosing the Nucleus and Separating Its Contents From the Rest of the Cytoplasm; Includes the Intermembrane Space a Gap of Width 20 40 Nm (also Called the Perinuclear Space). 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5739   Mitochondrion  A Semiautonomous Self Replicating Organelle That Occurs in Varying Numbers Shapes and Sizes in the Cytoplasm of Virtually All Eukaryotic Cells. It Is Notably the Site of Tissue Respiration. 
    5741   Mitochondrial Outer Membrane  The Outer I.e. Cytoplasm Facing Lipid Bilayer of the Mitochondrial Envelope. 
    5757   Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore Complex  A Protein Complex That Connects the Inner and Outer Membranes of Animal Mitochondria and Acts As a Pore That Can Open Transiently to Allow Free Diffusion of Solutes Between the Mitochondrial Matrix and the Cytosol. the Pore Complex Is Formed of the Voltage Dependent Anion Channel (vdac) the Adenine Nucleotide Translocase (ant) and Cyclophilin D (cyp D). 
    5783   Endoplasmic Reticulum  The Irregular Network of Unit Membranes Visible Only by Electron Microscopy That Occurs in the Cytoplasm of Many Eukaryotic Cells. the Membranes Form a Complex Meshwork of Tubular Channels Which Are Often Expanded Into Slitlike Cavities Called Cisternae. the Er Takes Two Forms Rough (or Granular) with Ribosomes Adhering to the Outer Surface and Smooth (with No Ribosomes Attached). 
    5789   Endoplasmic Reticulum Membrane  The Lipid Bilayer Surrounding the Endoplasmic Reticulum. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    16021   Integral Component of Membrane  The Component of a Membrane Consisting of Gene Products and Protein Complexes That Have Some Part That Penetrates At Least One Leaflet of the Membrane Bilayer. This Component Includes Gene Products That Are Buried in the Bilayer with No Exposure Outside the Bilayer. 
    31966   Mitochondrial Membrane  Either of the Lipid Bilayers That Surround the Mitochondrion and Form the Mitochondrial Envelope. 
    46930   Pore Complex  Any Small Opening in a Membrane That Allows the Passage of Gases And/or Liquids. 
    70062   Extracellular Vesicular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. 
    97136   Bcl 2 Family Protein Complex  A Protein Complex That Consists of Members of the Bcl 2 Family of Anti and Proapoptotic Regulators. Bcl 2 Proteins Respond to Cues From Various Forms of Intracellular Stress Such As DNA Damage or Cytokine Deprivation and Interact with Opposing Family Members to Determine Whether or Not the Caspase Proteolytic Cascade Should Be Unleashed. 
    97144   Bax Complex  An Oligomeric Protein Complex Consisting of Bax a Member of the Bcl 2 Family of Anti and Proapoptotic Regulators. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    8289   Lipid Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Lipid. 
    15267   Channel Activity  Catalysis of Energy Independent Facilitated Diffusion Mediated by Passage of a Solute Through a Transmembrane Aqueous Pore or Channel. Stereospecificity Is Not Exhibited But This Transport May Be Specific For a Particular Molecular Species or Class of Molecules. 
    42802   Identical Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with an Identical Protein or Proteins. 
    42803   Protein Homodimerization Activity  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with an Identical Protein to Form a Homodimer. 
    46982   Protein Heterodimerization Activity  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Nonidentical Protein to Form a Heterodimer. 
    51434   Bh3 Domain Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with the Bh3 Domain of a Protein of the Bcl 2 Family. the Bh3 Domain Is a Potent Death Domain and Has an Important Role in Protein Protein Interactions and in Cell Death. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Genus Homo
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli  
    Host Genus Escherichia


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    19 19q13.3-q13.4 581     BCL2-associated X protein BAX    

    Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (from LS-SNP database)

    SNP ID LsSnp Link dbSNP Link Chain PDB position Amino acid changes Secondary structure Solvent Accessibility Chromosome Chromosome position Ligand
    rs74422693 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 9 R - > K Turn 93% (Exposed) 19 49458211
    rs144179827 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 14 T - > I Bend 66% (Exposed) 19 49458811
    rs151036634 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 15 S - > G Coil 27% (Intermediate) 19 49458813
    rs149808345 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 29 G - > D Helix 7% (Buried) 19 49458856
    rs141306106 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 38 M - > I Coil 75% (Exposed) 19 49458971
    rs147630961 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 39 G - > V Coil 56% (Exposed) 19 49458973
    rs36017265 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 39 G - > R Coil 56% (Exposed) 19 49458972
    rs200153051 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 54 A - > P Helix 85% (Exposed) 19 49459017
    rs142278713 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 65 R - > L Helix 70% (Exposed) 19 49459051
    rs202190487 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 89 R - > Q Helix 84% (Exposed) 19 49459487
    rs190602136 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 147 R - > Q Turn 61% (Exposed) 19 49464137