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COMPLEX OF ALF4-ACTIVATED GI-ALPHA-1 WITH RGS4
Biology and Chemistry Report
1AGR
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords COMPLEX (SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION/REGULATOR)
    Text GI-ALPHA-1, HYDROLASE, SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, RGS4, COMPLEX (SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION-REGULATOR), GTP-BINDING, GTPASE ACTIVATING PROTEIN, COMPLEX (SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION-REGULATOR) complex

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A,D
    Description GUANINE NUCLEOTIDE-BINDING PROTEIN G(I) 
    Fragment ALPHA-1 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 40268.2 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name GI-ALPHA-1 
    Chain E,H
    Description RGS4 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 23286.8 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  
    Entity Name REGULATOR OF G-PROTEIN SIGNALLING 4 

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    ALF  TETRAFLUOROALUMINATE ION  Al F4   102.98  View 
    CIT  CITRIC ACID  C6 H8 O7   192.12  View 
    GDP  GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE  C10 H15 N5 O11 P2   443.20  View 
    MG  MAGNESIUM ION  Mg   24.31  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A,D GNAI1_RAT P10824     
    E,H RGS4_RAT P49799     

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A,D
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    6184   Obsolete GTP Catabolic Process  Obsolete. the Chemical Reactions and Pathways Resulting in the Breakdown of GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    7049   Cell Cycle  The Progression of Biochemical and Morphological Phases and Events That Occur in a Cell During Successive Cell Replication or Nuclear Replication Events. Canonically the Cell Cycle Comprises the Replication and Segregation of Genetic Material Followed by the Division of the Cell But in Endocycles or Syncytial Cells Nuclear Replication or Nuclear Division May Not Be Followed by Cell Division. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7186   G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals That Proceeds with an Activated Receptor Promoting the Exchange of GDP For GTP On the Alpha Subunit of an Associated Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex. the GTP Bound Activated Alpha G Protein Then Dissociates From the Beta and Gamma Subunits to Further Transmit the Signal Within the Cell. the Pathway Begins with Receptor Ligand Interaction or For Basal Gpcr Signaling the Pathway Begins with the Receptor Activating Its G Protein in the Absence of an Agonist and Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7188   Adenylate Cyclase Modulating G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of a G Protein Coupled Receptor Binding to Its Physiological Ligand Where the Pathway Proceeds Through Activation or Inhibition of Adenylyl Cyclase Activity and a Subsequent Change in the Concentration of Cyclic AMP (camp). 
    8152   Metabolic Process  The Chemical Reactions and Pathways Including Anabolism and Catabolism by Which Living Organisms Transform Chemical Substances. Metabolic Processes Typically Transform Small Molecules But Also Include Macromolecular Processes Such As DNA Repair and Replication and Protein Synthesis and Degradation. 
    50805   Negative Regulation of Synaptic Transmission  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Synaptic Transmission the Process of Communication From a Neuron to a Target (neuron Muscle or Secretory Cell) Across a Synapse. 
    51301   Cell Division  The Process Resulting in Division and Partitioning of Components of a Cell to Form More Cells; May or May Not Be Accompanied by the Physical Separation of a Cell Into Distinct Individually Membrane Bounded Daughter Cells. 
    5634   Nucleus  A Membrane Bounded Organelle of Eukaryotic Cells in Which Chromosomes Are Housed and Replicated. in Most Cells the Nucleus Contains All of the Cell's Chromosomes Except the Organellar Chromosomes and Is the Site of RNA Synthesis and Processing. in Some Species or in Specialized Cell Types RNA Metabolism or DNA Replication May Be Absent. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5813   Centrosome  A Structure Comprised of a Core Structure (in Most Organisms a Pair of Centrioles) and Peripheral Material From Which a Microtubule Based Structure Such As a Spindle Apparatus Is Organized. Centrosomes Occur Close to the Nucleus During Interphase in Many Eukaryotic Cells Though in Animal Cells It Changes Continually During the Cell Division Cycle. 
    5815   Microtubule Organizing Center  An Intracellular Structure That Can Catalyze Gamma Tubulin Dependent Microtubule Nucleation and That Can Anchor Microtubules by Interacting with Their Minus Ends Plus Ends or Sides. 
    5834   Heterotrimeric G Protein Complex  Any of a Family of Heterotrimeric GTP Binding and Hydrolyzing Proteins; They Belong to a Superfamily of Gtpases That Includes Monomeric Proteins Such As Ef Tu and Ras. Heterotrimeric G Proteins Consist of Three Subunits; the Alpha Subunit Contains the Guanine Nucleotide Binding Site and Possesses Gtpase Activity; the Beta and Gamma Subunits Are Tightly Associated and Function As a Beta Gamma Heterodimer; Extrinsic Plasma Membrane Proteins (cytoplasmic Face) That Function As a Complex to Transduce Signals From G Protein Coupled Receptors to an Effector Protein. 
    5856   Cytoskeleton  Any of the Various Filamentous Elements That Form the Internal Framework of Cells and Typically Remain After Treatment of the Cells with Mild Detergent to Remove Membrane Constituents and Soluble Components of the Cytoplasm. the Term Embraces Intermediate Filaments Microfilaments Microtubules the Microtrabecular Lattice and Other Structures Characterized by a Polymeric Filamentous Nature and Long Range Order Within the Cell. the Various Elements of the Cytoskeleton Not Only Serve in the Maintenance of Cellular Shape But Also Have Roles in Other Cellular Functions Including Cellular Movement Cell Division Endocytosis and Movement of Organelles. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    30496   Midbody  A Thin Cytoplasmic Bridge Formed Between Daughter Cells At the End of Cytokinesis. the Midbody Forms Where the Contractile Ring Constricts and May Persist For Some Time Before Finally Breaking to Complete Cytokinesis. 
    43234   Protein Complex  Any Macromolecular Complex Composed (only) of Two or More Polypeptide Subunits Along with Any Covalently Attached Molecules (such As Lipid Anchors or Oligosaccharide) or Non Protein Prosthetic Groups (such As Nucleotides or Metal Ions). Prosthetic Group in This Context Refers to a Tightly Bound Cofactor. the Component Polypeptide Subunits May Be Identical. 
    45121   Membrane Raft  Any of the Small (10 200 Nm) Heterogeneous Highly Dynamic Sterol and Sphingolipid Enriched Membrane Domains That Compartmentalize Cellular Processes. Small Rafts Can Sometimes Be Stabilized to Form Larger Platforms Through Protein Protein and Protein Lipid Interactions. 
    166   Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Nucleotide Any Compound Consisting of a Nucleoside That Is Esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an Oligophosphate At Any Hydroxyl Group On the Ribose or Deoxyribose. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    4871   Signal Transducer Activity  Conveys a Signal Across a Cell to Trigger a Change in Cell Function or State. a Signal Is a Physical Entity or Change in State That Is Used to Transfer Information in Order to Trigger a Response. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    5525   GTP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    19001   Guanyl Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Guanyl Nucleotides Any Compound Consisting of Guanosine Esterified with (ortho)phosphate. 
    19003   GDP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with GDP Guanosine 5' Diphosphate. 
    31683   G Protein Beta/gamma Subunit Complex Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Complex of G Protein Beta/gamma Subunits. 
    31821   G Protein Coupled Serotonin Receptor Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Metabotropic Serotonin Receptor. 
    32794   Gtpase Activating Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Gtpase Activating Protein. 
    46872   Metal Ion Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Metal Ion. 
    Chain E,H
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    9968   Negative Regulation of Signal Transduction  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Signal Transduction. 
    38032   Termination of G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Signaling Process in Which G Protein Coupled Receptor Signaling Is Brought to an End. For Example Through the Action of Gtpase Activating Proteins (gaps) That Act to Accelerate Hydrolysis of GTP to GDP On G Alpha Proteins Thereby Terminating the Transduced Signal. 
    43547   Positive Regulation of Gtpase Activity  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Activity of a Gtpase. 
    45744   Negative Regulation of G Protein Coupled Receptor Protein Signaling Pathway  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of G Protein Coupled Receptor Protein Signaling Pathway Activity. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  Double Layer of Lipid Molecules That Encloses All Cells and in Eukaryotes Many Organelles; May Be a Single or Double Lipid Bilayer; Also Includes Associated Proteins. 
    43234   Protein Complex  Any Macromolecular Complex Composed (only) of Two or More Polypeptide Subunits Along with Any Covalently Attached Molecules (such As Lipid Anchors or Oligosaccharide) or Non Protein Prosthetic Groups (such As Nucleotides or Metal Ions). Prosthetic Group in This Context Refers to a Tightly Bound Cofactor. the Component Polypeptide Subunits May Be Identical. 
    1965   G Protein Alpha Subunit Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a G Protein Alpha Subunit. the Alpha Subunit Binds a Guanine Nucleotide. 
    5096   Gtpase Activator Activity  Increases the Activity of a Gtpase an Enzyme That Catalyzes the Hydrolysis of Gtp. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain E,H
    Common Name Norway Rat
    Scientific Name Rattus norvegicus  
    Genus Rattus
    Cell Line Bl21
    Organ Brain
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli bl21(de3)  
    Host Genus Escherichia
    Host Species Escherichia Coli
    Host Strain Bl21 (de3)
    Host Plasmid Name PQE60-H6RGS4


    Chain A,D
    Common Name Norway Rat
    Scientific Name Rattus norvegicus  
    Genus Rattus
    Cell Line Bl21
    Organ Brain
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli bl21(de3)  
    Host Genus Escherichia
    Host Species Escherichia Coli
    Host Strain Bl21 (de3)
    Host Plasmid Name PQE6/GIA1


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    4 4q11 25686     guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 1 GNAI1    
    13 13q24 29480     regulator of G-protein signaling 4 RGS4