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An Information Portal to 111749 Biological Macromolecular Structures

HUMAN RHOA COMPLEXED WITH GTP ANALOGUE
Biology and Chemistry Report
1A2B
  •   Structure Details   Hide

    Structure Keywords

    Keywords ONCOGENE PROTEIN
    Text SMALL G-PROTEIN, SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, GTPASE, RAS SUPERFAMILY, ONCOGENE PROTEIN

    Polymeric Molecules

    Chain A
    Description TRANSFORMING PROTEIN RHOA 
    Fragment RESIDUES 1 - 181 
    Mutation G14V, RESIDUES 1 - 181 WERE CLONED, THE N-TERMINUS CONTAINS A HIS-TAG 
    Nonstandard Linkage no 
    Nonstandard Monomers no 
    Polymer Type polypeptide(L) 
    Formula Weight 20596.8 
    Source Method genetically manipulated  

    Ligands and Prosthetic Groups

    ID Name Chemical Formula Weight Ligand Structure
    GSP  5'-GUANOSINE-DIPHOSPHATE-MONOTHIOPHOSPHATE  C10 H16 N5 O13 P3 S   539.25  View 
    MG  MAGNESIUM ION  Mg   24.31  View 
     
  •   Protein Details   Hide

    UniProtKB Information

    Chain SWS/UNP ID SWS/UNP Accession(s)
    A RHOA_HUMAN P61586     

    C: Cellular Location | F: Molecular Function | P: Biological Process
    Chain A
    GO ID   Ontology GO Term Definition
    7049   Cell Cycle  The Progression of Biochemical and Morphological Phases and Events That Occur in a Cell During Successive Cell Replication or Nuclear Replication Events. Canonically the Cell Cycle Comprises the Replication and Segregation of Genetic Material Followed by the Division of the Cell But in Endocycles or Syncytial Cells Nuclear Replication or Nuclear Division May Not Be Followed by Cell Division. 
    7165   Signal Transduction  The Cellular Process in Which a Signal Is Conveyed to Trigger a Change in the Activity or State of a Cell. Signal Transduction Begins with Reception of a Signal (e.g. a Ligand Binding to a Receptor or Receptor Activation by a Stimulus Such As Light) or For Signal Transduction in the Absence of Ligand Signal Withdrawal or the Activity of a Constitutively Active Receptor. Signal Transduction Ends with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Regulation of Transcription or Regulation of a Metabolic Process. Signal Transduction Covers Signaling From Receptors Located On the Surface of the Cell and Signaling Via Molecules Located Within the Cell. For Signaling Between Cells Signal Transduction Is Restricted to Events At and Within the Receiving Cell. 
    7179   Transforming Growth Factor Beta Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of an Extracellular Ligand to a Transforming Growth Factor Beta Receptor On the Surface of a Target Cell and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    7264   Small Gtpase Mediated Signal Transduction  Any Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Small Monomeric Gtpase Relays One or More of the Signals. 
    7266   Rho Protein Signal Transduction  A Series of Molecular Signals Within the Cell That Are Mediated by a Member of the Rho Family of Proteins Switching to a GTP Bound Active State. 
    7411   Axon Guidance  The Chemotaxis Process That Directs the Migration of an Axon Growth Cone to a Specific Target Site in Response to a Combination of Attractive and Repulsive Cues. 
    7596   Blood Coagulation  The Sequential Process in Which the Multiple Coagulation Factors of the Blood Interact Ultimately Resulting in the Formation of an Insoluble Fibrin Clot; It May Be Divided Into Three Stages: Stage 1 the Formation of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Prothrombin Converting Principle; Stage 2 the Formation of Thrombin; Stage 3 the Formation of Stable Fibrin Polymers. 
    15031   Protein Transport  The Directed Movement of Proteins Into Out of or Within a Cell or Between Cells by Means of Some Agent Such As a Transporter or Pore. 
    16032   Viral Process  A Multi Organism Process in Which a Virus Is a Participant. the Other Participant Is the Host. Includes Infection of a Host Cell Replication of the Viral Genome and Assembly of Progeny Virus Particles. in Some Cases the Viral Genetic Material May Integrate Into the Host Genome and Only Subsequently Under Particular Circumstances 'complete' Its Life Cycle. 
    21762   Substantia Nigra Development  The Progression of the Substantia Nigra Over Time From Its Initial Formation Until Its Mature State. the Substantia Nigra Is the Layer of Gray Substance That Separates the Posterior Parts of the Cerebral Peduncles (tegmentum Mesencephali) From the Anterior Parts; It Normally Includes a Posterior Compact Part with Many Pigmented Cells (pars Compacta) and an Anterior Reticular Part Whose Cells Contain Little Pigment (pars Reticularis). 
    30036   Actin Cytoskeleton Organization  A Process That Is Carried Out At the Cellular Level Which Results in the Assembly Arrangement of Constituent Parts or Disassembly of Cytoskeletal Structures Comprising Actin Filaments and Their Associated Proteins. 
    30168   Platelet Activation  A Series of Progressive Overlapping Events Triggered by Exposure of the Platelets to Subendothelial Tissue. These Events Include Shape Change Adhesiveness Aggregation and Release Reactions. When Carried Through to Completion These Events Lead to the Formation of a Stable Hemostatic Plug. 
    30334   Regulation of Cell Migration  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Cell Migration. 
    32467   Positive Regulation of Cytokinesis  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Division of the Cytoplasm of a Cell and Its Separation Into Two Daughter Cells. 
    33688   Regulation of Osteoblast Proliferation  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Osteoblast Proliferation. 
    36089   Cleavage Furrow Formation  Generation of the Cleavage Furrow a Shallow Groove in the Cell Surface Near the Old Metaphase Plate That Marks the Site of Cytokinesis. This Process Includes the Recruitment and Localized Activation of Signals Such As Rhoa At the Site of the Future Furrow to Ensure That Furrowing Initiates At the Correct Site in the Cell. 
    38027   Apolipoprotein a I Mediated Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of Apolipoprotein a I to a Receptor On the Surface of a Cell and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    42346   Positive Regulation of Nf Kappab Import Into Nucleus  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Transfer of Nf Kappab a Transcription Factor For Eukaryotic RNA Polymerase Ii Promoters From the Cytoplasm Into the Nucleus Across the Nuclear Membrane. 
    43123   Positive Regulation of I Kappab Kinase/nf Kappab Signaling  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of I Kappab Kinase/nf Kappab Signaling. 
    43297   Apical Junction Assembly  The Formation of an Apical Junction a Functional Unit Located Near the Cell Apex At the Points of Contact Between Epithelial Cells Composed of the Tight Junction the Zonula Adherens Junction and the Desmosomes by the Aggregation Arrangement and Bonding Together of Its Constituents. 
    43931   Ossification Involved in Bone Maturation  The Formation of Bone or of a Bony Substance or the Conversion of Fibrous Tissue or of Cartilage Into Bone Involved in the Progression of the Skeleton From Its Formation to Its Mature State. 
    44319   Wound Healing Spreading of Cells  The Migration of a Cell Along or Through a Wound Gap That Contributes to the Reestablishment of a Continuous Surface. 
    45666   Positive Regulation of Neuron Differentiation  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Neuron Differentiation. 
    48010   Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor Signaling Pathway  Any Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of an Extracellular Ligand to a Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor (vegfr) Located On the Surface of the Receiving Cell and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    48011   Neurotrophin Trk Receptor Signaling Pathway  A Series of Molecular Signals Initiated by the Binding of a Neurotrophin to a Receptor On the Surface of the Target Cell Where the Receptor Possesses Tyrosine Kinase Activity and Ending with Regulation of a Downstream Cellular Process E.g. Transcription. 
    48013   Ephrin Receptor Signaling Pathway  The Series of Molecular Signals Generated As a Consequence of an Ephrin Receptor Binding to an Ephrin. 
    48015   Phosphatidylinositol Mediated Signaling  A Series of Molecular Signals in Which a Cell Uses a Phosphatidylinositol Mediated Signaling to Convert a Signal Into a Response. Phosphatidylinositols Include Phosphatidylinositol (ptdins) and Its Phosphorylated Derivatives. 
    50770   Regulation of Axonogenesis  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Axonogenesis the Generation of an Axon the Long Process of a Neuron. 
    50771   Negative Regulation of Axonogenesis  Any Process That Stops Prevents or Reduces the Frequency Rate or Extent of Axonogenesis. 
    50772   Positive Regulation of Axonogenesis  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Axonogenesis. 
    50919   Negative Chemotaxis  The Directed Movement of a Motile Cell or Organism Towards a Lower Concentration of a Chemical. 
    51056   Regulation of Small Gtpase Mediated Signal Transduction  Any Process That Modulates the Frequency Rate or Extent of Small Gtpase Mediated Signal Transduction. 
    51301   Cell Division  The Process Resulting in Division and Partitioning of Components of a Cell to Form More Cells; May or May Not Be Accompanied by the Physical Separation of a Cell Into Distinct Individually Membrane Bounded Daughter Cells. 
    51496   Positive Regulation of Stress Fiber Assembly  Any Process That Activates or Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of the Assembly of a Stress Fiber a Bundle of Microfilaments and Other Proteins Found in Fibroblasts. 
    60193   Positive Regulation of Lipase Activity  Any Process That Increases the Frequency Rate or Extent of Lipase Activity the Hydrolysis of a Lipid or Phospholipid. 
    61383   Trabecula Morphogenesis  The Process of Shaping a Trabecula in an Organ. a Trabecula Is a Small Often Microscopic Tissue Element in the Form of a Small Beam Strut or Rod Which Generally Has a Mechanical Function. Trabecula Are Usually But Not Necessarily Composed of Dense Collagenous Tissue. 
    90307   Mitotic Spindle Assembly  The Aggregation Arrangement and Bonding Together of a Set of Components to Form the Spindle That Contributes to the Process of Mitosis. 
    1902766   Skeletal Muscle Satellite Cell Migration  The Orderly Movement of a Skeletal Muscle Satellite Cell From One Site to Another. Migration of These Cells Is a Key Step in the Process of Growth and Repair of Skeletal Muscle Cells. 
    5622   Intracellular  The Living Contents of a Cell; the Matter Contained Within (but Not Including) the Plasma Membrane Usually Taken to Exclude Large Vacuoles and Masses of Secretory or Ingested Material. in Eukaryotes It Includes the Nucleus and Cytoplasm. 
    5737   Cytoplasm  All of the Contents of a Cell Excluding the Plasma Membrane and Nucleus But Including Other Subcellular Structures. 
    5768   Endosome  A Membrane Bounded Organelle to Which Materials Ingested by Endocytosis Are Delivered. 
    5789   Endoplasmic Reticulum Membrane  The Lipid Bilayer Surrounding the Endoplasmic Reticulum. 
    5829   Cytosol  The Part of the Cytoplasm That Does Not Contain Organelles But Which Does Contain Other Particulate Matter Such As Protein Complexes. 
    5856   Cytoskeleton  Any of the Various Filamentous Elements That Form the Internal Framework of Cells and Typically Remain After Treatment of the Cells with Mild Detergent to Remove Membrane Constituents and Soluble Components of the Cytoplasm. the Term Embraces Intermediate Filaments Microfilaments Microtubules the Microtrabecular Lattice and Other Structures Characterized by a Polymeric Filamentous Nature and Long Range Order Within the Cell. the Various Elements of the Cytoskeleton Not Only Serve in the Maintenance of Cellular Shape But Also Have Roles in Other Cellular Functions Including Cellular Movement Cell Division Endocytosis and Movement of Organelles. 
    5886   Plasma Membrane  The Membrane Surrounding a Cell That Separates the Cell From Its External Environment. It Consists of a Phospholipid Bilayer and Associated Proteins. 
    5925   Focal Adhesion  Small Region On the Surface of a Cell That Anchors the Cell to the Extracellular Matrix and That Forms a Point of Termination of Actin Filaments. 
    5938   Cell Cortex  The Region of a Cell That Lies Just Beneath the Plasma Membrane and Often But Not Always Contains a Network of Actin Filaments and Associated Proteins. 
    16020   Membrane  A Lipid Bilayer Along with All the Proteins and Protein Complexes Embedded in It an Attached to It. 
    30027   Lamellipodium  A Thin Sheetlike Process Extended by the Leading Edge of a Migrating Cell or Extending Cell Process; Contains a Dense Meshwork of Actin Filaments. 
    30054   Cell Junction  A Cellular Component That Forms a Specialized Region of Connection Between Two or More Cells or Between a Cell and the Extracellular Matrix. At a Cell Junction Anchoring Proteins Extend Through the Plasma Membrane to Link Cytoskeletal Proteins in One Cell to Cytoskeletal Proteins in Neighboring Cells or to Proteins in the Extracellular Matrix. 
    30496   Midbody  A Thin Cytoplasmic Bridge Formed Between Daughter Cells At the End of Cytokinesis. the Midbody Forms Where the Contractile Ring Constricts and May Persist For Some Time Before Finally Breaking to Complete Cytokinesis. 
    31982   Vesicle  Any Small Fluid Filled Spherical Organelle Enclosed by Membrane or Protein. 
    32154   Cleavage Furrow  In Animal Cells the First Sign of Cleavage or Cytokinesis Is the Appearance of a Shallow Groove in the Cell Surface Near the Old Metaphase Plate. a Contractile Ring Containing Actin and Myosin Is Located Just Inside the Plasma Membrane At the Location of the Furrow. Ring Contraction Is Associated with Centripetal Growth of the Membrane That Deepens the Cleavage Furrow and Divides the Cytoplasm of the Two Daughter Cells. While the Term 'cleavage Furrow' Was Initially Associated with Animal Cells Such a Structure Occurs in Many Other Types of Cells Including Unicellular Protists. 
    42995   Cell Projection  A Prolongation or Process Extending From a Cell E.g. a Flagellum or Axon. 
    43296   Apical Junction Complex  A Functional Unit Located Near the Cell Apex At the Points of Contact Between Epithelial Cells Which in Vertebrates Is Composed of the Tight Junction the Zonula Adherens and Desmosomes and in Some Invertebrates Such As Drosophila Is Composed of the Subapical Complex (sac) the Zonula Adherens and the Septate Junction. Functions in the Regulation of Cell Polarity Tissue Integrity and Intercellular Adhesion and Permeability. 
    70062   Extracellular Exosome  A Membrane Bounded Vesicle That Is Released Into the Extracellular Region by Fusion of the Limiting Endosomal Membrane of a Multivesicular Body with the Plasma Membrane. Extracellular Exosomes Also Simply Called Exosomes Have a Diameter of About 40 100 Nm. 
    166   Nucleotide Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with a Nucleotide Any Compound Consisting of a Nucleoside That Is Esterified with (ortho)phosphate or an Oligophosphate At Any Hydroxyl Group On the Ribose or Deoxyribose. 
    3924   Gtpase Activity  Catalysis of the Reaction: GTP + H2o = GDP + Phosphate. 
    5515   Protein Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Protein or Protein Complex (a Complex of Two or More Proteins That May Include Other Nonprotein Molecules). 
    5525   GTP Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with GTP Guanosine Triphosphate. 
    17022   Myosin Binding  Interacting Selectively and Non Covalently with Any Part of a Myosin Complex; Myosins Are Any of a Superfamily of Molecular Motor Proteins That Bind to Actin and Use the Energy of ATP Hydrolysis to Generate Force and Movement Along Actin Filaments. 


     
  •   Gene Details   Hide

    Genetic Source

    Chain A
    Common Name Human
    Scientific Name Homo sapiens  
    Genus Homo
    Host Scientific Name Escherichia coli bl21  
    Host Genus Escherichia
    Host Species Escherichia Coli
    Host Subcellular Location Cytosol
    Host Strain Bl21
    Host Plasmid Name PRSET B (INVITROGEN CO.)


    Genome Information

    Chromosome Locus Gene ID Gene Name Symbol
    3 3p21.3 387     ras homolog family member A RHOA    

    Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (from LS-SNP database)

    SNP ID LsSnp Link dbSNP Link Chain PDB position Amino acid changes Secondary structure Solvent Accessibility Chromosome Chromosome position Ligand
    rs11552758 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 5 R - > Q Beta Ladder 69% (Exposed) 3 49413009
    rs11552761 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 17 G - > AE Bend 25% (Intermediate) 3 49412973 GSP
    rs11552762 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 32 E - > D Bend 93% (Exposed) 3 49412927
    rs11552757 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 161 A - > V Turn 14% (Intermediate) 3 49397742 GSP
    rs112304179 LS-SNP   dbSNP   A 171 F - > L Helix 0% (Buried) 3 49397713