XIN

methyl (3Z)-3-{[(4-{methyl[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)acetyl]amino}phenyl)amino](phenyl)methylidene}-2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-6-carboxylate

XIN as a free ligand exists in 4 entries. Examples include: 3C7Q 5TE0 6NEC

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View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

Namemethyl (3Z)-3-{[(4-{methyl[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)acetyl]amino}phenyl)amino](phenyl)methylidene}-2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-6-carboxylate
Identifiersmethyl (3Z)-3-[[[4-[methyl-[2-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)ethanoyl]amino]phenyl]amino]-phenyl-methylidene]-2-oxo-1H-indole-6-carboxylate
FormulaC31 H33 N5 O4
Molecular Weight539.63
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCOC(=O)c1ccc2\C(=C(\Nc3ccc(cc3)N(C)C(=O)CN3CCN(C)CC3)c3ccccc3)C(=O)Nc2c1
InChIInChI=1S/C31H33N5O4/c1-34-15-17-36(18-16-34)20-27(37)35(2)24-12-10-23(11-13-24)32-29(21-7-5-4-6-8-21)28-25-14-9-22(31(39)40-3)19-26(25)33-30(28)38/h4-14,19,32H,15-18,20H2,1-3H3,(H,33,38)/b29-28-
InChIKeyXZXHXSATPCNXJR-ZIADKAODSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count73
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count77
Aromatic Bond Count18
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB09079 Different stereochemistry
NameNintedanib
Groupsapproved
DescriptionNintedanib is a drug indicated for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) that targets multiple receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and non-receptor tyrosine kinases (nRTKs). Nintedanib inhibits the following RTKs: platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) α and β, fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 1-3, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) 1-3, and Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3). Among them, FGFR, PDGFR, and VEGFR have been implicated in IPF pathogenesis. Nintedanib binds competitively to the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binding pocket of these receptors and blocks the intracellular signaling which is crucial for the proliferation, migration, and transformation of fibroblasts representing essential mechanisms of the IPF pathology. In addition, nintedanib inhibits the following nRTKs: Lck, Lyn and Src kinases. The contribution of FLT3 and nRTK inhibition to IPF efficacy is unknown. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and ultimately fatal lung disease characterized by a progressive loss of lung function with worsening dyspnoea and cough. Development is thought to be instigated by repetitive lung injury (such as by cigarette smoke, industrial dusts, gastrooesophageal reflux and viral infection) leading to destruction of epithelial alveolar cells. Subsequent dysregulation of the repair process results in the proliferation/migration of fibroblasts and their differentiation into myofibroblasts, abnormal extracellular matrix deposition and excessive collagen accumulation in the lung interstitium and alveolar space, leading to progressive fibrosis and stiffening of the lungs. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) mediate various processes, including fibrogenesis and angiogenesis, and are implicated in the pathogenesis of IPF. By blocking substrate binding and downstream signalling cascades, nintedanib interferes with processes active in fibrosis such as fibroblast proliferation, migration and differentiation, and the secretion of extracellular matrix.
Synonymsmethyl (3Z)-3-[(4-{methyl[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)acetyl]amino}anilino)(phenyl)methylidene]-2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-6-carboxylate
SaltsNintedanib Esylate
Brand Names
  • Ofev
  • Vargatef
IndicationNintedanib is indicated for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).
PharmacologyBy competitively and reversibly inhibiting the adenosine triphosphate binding pocket of the receptor tyrosine kinases VEGFR, FGFR and PDGFR, nintedanib blocks the intracellular signalling needed for the proliferation, migration and transformation of fibroblasts.
Mechanism of actionNintedanib is a small molecule that targets multiple receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and non-receptor tyrosine kinases (nRTKs). Nintedanib inhibits the following RTKs: platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) α and β, fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 1-3, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) 1-3, and Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3). Among them, FGFR, PDGFR, and VEGFR have been implicated in IPF pathogenesis. Nintedanib binds competitively to the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binding pocket of these receptors and blocks the intracellular signaling which is crucial for the proliferation, migration, and transformation of fibroblasts representing essential mechanisms of the IPF pathology. In addition, nintedanib inhibits the following nRTKs: Lck, Lyn and Src kinases. The contribution of FLT3 and nRTK inhibition to IPF efficacy is unknown.
Route of administrationOral
Categories
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Antineoplastic and Immunomodulating Agents
  • Chemical Actions and Uses
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Heterocyclic Compounds
ATC-CodeL01XE31
CAS number656247-17-5
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682