MIX as a free ligand exists in 5 entries. Examples include: 2FUM 4G0V 6GH9

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View summary at Ligand Expo

Chemical Component Summary

FormulaC22 H28 N4 O6
Molecular Weight444.48
Isomeric SMILESOCCNCCNc1ccc(NCCNCCO)c2C(=O)c3c(O)ccc(O)c3C(=O)c12

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count60
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count62
Aromatic Bond Count12
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01204 Different stereochemistry
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionAn anthracenedione-derived antineoplastic agent. [PubChem]
  • 1,4-DIHYDROXY-5,8-bis({2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl}amino)-9,10-anthracenedione
  • Mitoxantrona
  • Mitoxantrone
  • Mitoxantronum
SaltsMitoxantrone hydrochloride
Brand Names
  • Mitoxantrone
  • Mitoxantrone Hydrochloride
  • Mitoxantrone Injection
  • Mitoxantrone Injection USP
  • Novantrone
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationFor the treatment of secondary (chronic) progressive, progressive relapsing, or worsening relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis
PharmacologyMitoxantrone has been shown in vitro to inhibit B cell, T cell, and macrophage proliferation and impair antigen presentation, as well as the secretion of interferon gamma, TNFa, and IL-2.
Mechanism of actionMitoxantrone, a DNA-reactive agent that intercalates into deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) through hydrogen bonding, causes crosslinks and strand breaks. Mitoxantrone also interferes with ribonucleic acid (RNA) and is a potent inhibitor of topoisomerase II, an enzyme responsible for uncoiling and repairing damaged DNA. It has a cytocidal effect on both proliferating and nonproliferating cultured human cells, suggesting lack of cell cycle phase specificity.
Route of administrationIntravenous
  • Analgesics
  • Anthracenes
  • Anthracyclines and Related Substances
  • Anthraquinones
  • Antineoplastic Agents
CAS number65271-80-9
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682