Chemical Component Summary

Name3-(3-CHLORO-5H-DIBENZO[B,F]AZEPIN-5-YL)-N,N-DIMETHYLPROPAN-1-AMINE
Identifiers3-(9-chloro-5,6-dihydrobenzo[b][1]benzazepin-11-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-propan-1-amine
FormulaC19 H23 Cl N2
Molecular Weight314.85
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCN(C)CCCN1c2ccccc2CCc3ccc(Cl)cc13
InChIInChI=1S/C19H23ClN2/c1-21(2)12-5-13-22-18-7-4-3-6-15(18)8-9-16-10-11-17(20)14-19(16)22/h3-4,6-7,10-11,14H,5,8-9,12-13H2,1-2H3
InChIKeyGDLIGKIOYRNHDA-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count45
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count47
Aromatic Bond Count12

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01242 
NameClomipramine
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
  • vet_approved
DescriptionClomipramine, the 3-chloro analog of imipramine, is a dibenzazepine-derivative tricyclic antidepressant (TCA). TCAs are structurally similar to phenothiazines. They contain a tricyclic ring system with an alkyl amine substituent on the central ring. In non-depressed individuals, clomipramine does not affect mood or arousal, but may cause sedation. In depressed individuals, clomipramine exerts a positive effect on mood. TCAs are potent inhibitors of serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake. Tertiary amine TCAs, such as clomipramine, are more potent inhibitors of serotonin reuptake than secondary amine TCAs, such as nortriptyline and desipramine. TCAs also down-regulate cerebral cortical &beta;-adrenergic receptors and sensitize post-synaptic serotonergic receptors with chronic use. The antidepressant effects of TCAs are thought to be due to an overall increase in serotonergic neurotransmission. TCAs also block histamine-H<sub>1</sub> receptors, &alpha;<sub>1</sub>-adrenergic receptors and muscarinic receptors, which accounts for their sedative, hypotensive and anticholinergic effects (e.g. blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention), respectively. See toxicity section below for a complete listing of side effects. Clomipramine may be used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component (e.g. depression, schizophrenia, Tourette’s disorder). Unlabeled indications include panic disorder, chronic pain (e.g. central pain, idiopathic pain disorder, tension headache, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, neuropathic pain), cataplexy and associated narcolepsy, autistic disorder, trichotillomania, onchophagia, stuttering, premature ejaculation, and premenstrual syndrome. Clomipramine is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and demethylated in the liver to its primary active metabolite, desmethylclomipramine.
Synonyms
  • Clomipramine hydrochloride
  • Chlorimipramine
  • Clomipramina
  • Clomipraminum
  • 3-(3-chloro-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[b,f]azepin-5-yl)-N,N-dimethyl-1-propanamine
Brand Names
  • Clomipramine Tablets 50mg
  • Altius-clomipramine
  • Gen-clomipramine - Tab 25mg
  • Apo-clomipramine
  • Penta-clomipramine - 25mg
IndicationMay be used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component (e.g. depression, schizophrenia, Tourette’s disorder). Unlabeled indications include: depression, panic disorder, chronic pain (e.g. central pain, idiopathic pain disorder, tension headache, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, neuropathic pain), cataplexy and associated narcolepsy (limited evidence), autistic disorder (limited evidence), trichotillomania (limited evidence), onchophagia (limited evidence), stuttering (limited evidence), premature ejaculation, and premenstrual syndrome.
Categories
  • Agents that produce hypertension
  • Agents that reduce seizure threshold
  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic
  • Central Nervous System Agents
ATC-CodeN06AA04
CAS number303-49-1

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Sodium-dependent serotonin transporterMETTPLNSQKQLSACEDGEDCQENGVLQKVVPTPGDKVESGQISNGYSAV...unknowninhibitor
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2AMDILCEENTSLSSTTNSLMQLNDDTRLYSNDFNSGEANTSDAFNWTVDSE...unknownantagonist
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2BMALSYRVSELQSTIPEHILQSTFVHVISSNWSGLQTESIPEEMKQIVEEQ...unknownantagonist
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2CMVNLRNAVHSFLVHLIGLLVWQCDISVSPVAAIVTDIFNTSDGGRFKFPD...unknownantagonist
Sodium-dependent noradrenaline transporterMLLARMNPQVQPENNGADTGPEQPLRARKTAELLVVKERNGVQCLLAPRD...unknowninhibitor
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682