Chemical Component Summary

Identifiersbenzoic acid
FormulaC7 H6 O2
Molecular Weight122.12
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)c1ccccc1

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count15
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count15
Aromatic Bond Count6
Leaving AtomsO2

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB03793 Different stereochemistry
NameBenzoic Acid
DescriptionA fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid. As the sodium salt form, sodium benzoate is used as a treatment for urea cycle disorders due to its ability to bind amino acids. This leads to excretion of these amino acids and a decrease in ammonia levels. Recent research shows that sodium benzoate may be beneficial as an add-on therapy (1 gram/day) in schizophrenia. Total Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale scores dropped by 21% compared to placebo.
SaltsSodium benzoate
Brand Names
  • Ammonul
  • Camphorated Opium Tincture
  • Hyophen
  • Larynsol Loz
  • Mrx Liq
Route of administration
  • Dental
  • Intravenous
  • Oral
  • Topical
  • Acids, Carbocyclic
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Antifungal Agents
  • Benzene Derivatives
  • Benzoates
  • A16AX11
  • V04CG30
CAS number65-85-0
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682