20J

7-chloro-3-methyl-2H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide

20J as a free ligand exists in 1 entry. Examples include: 4LV9

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Chemical Component Summary

Name7-chloro-3-methyl-2H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide
Identifiers7-chloranyl-3-methyl-2H-1$l^{6},2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide
FormulaC8 H7 Cl N2 O2 S
Molecular Weight230.67
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESCC1=Nc2ccc(Cl)cc2S(=O)(=O)N1
InChIInChI=1S/C8H7ClN2O2S/c1-5-10-7-3-2-6(9)4-8(7)14(12,13)11-5/h2-4H,1H3,(H,10,11)
InChIKeyGDLBFKVLRPITMI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count21
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count22
Aromatic Bond Count6
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01119 Different stereochemistry
NameDiazoxide
Groupsapproved
DescriptionA benzothiadiazine derivative that is a peripheral vasodilator used for hypertensive emergencies. It lacks diuretic effect, apparently because it lacks a sulfonamide group. [PubChem]
Synonyms
  • Diazossido
  • Diazoxide
  • Diazoxido
  • Diazoxidum
  • Eudemine
Brand Names
  • Hyperstat Inj 15mg/ml
  • Proglycem
  • Proglycem Susp 50mg/ml
  • Eudemine
  • Hyperstat
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationUsed parentally to treat hypertensive emergencies. Also used to treat hypoglycemia secondary to insulinoma.
PharmacologyDiazoxide is a potassium channel activator, which causes local relaxation in smooth muscle by increasing membrane permeability to potassium ions. This switches off voltage-gated calcium ion channels which inhibits the generation of an action potential.
Mechanism of actionAs a diuretic, diazoxide inhibits active chloride reabsorption at the early distal tubule via the Na-Cl cotransporter, resulting in an increase in the excretion of sodium, chloride, and water. Thiazides like diazoxide also inhibit sodium ion transport across the renal tubular epithelium through binding to the thiazide sensitive sodium-chloride transporter. This results in an increase in potassium excretion via the sodium-potassium exchange mechanism. The antihypertensive mechanism of diazoxide is less well understood although it may be mediated through its action on carbonic anhydrases in the smooth muscle or through its action on the large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (KCa) channel, also found in the smooth muscle. As a antihypoglycemic, diazoxide inhibits insulin release from the pancreas, probably by opening potassium channels in the beta cell membrane.
Route of administration
  • Intravenous
  • Oral
Categories
  • Amides
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Arteriolar Smooth Muscle, Agents Acting On
  • Benzothiadiazines
  • Cardiovascular Agents
ATC-Code
  • V03AH01
  • C02DA01
AHFS-Code24:08.20
CAS number364-98-7
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682